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Asociación Fronteriza Mexicano / Estadounidense de Salud. U.S. / Mexico Border Health Association. PRESENTATION: BORDER HEALTH Santa Fe, New Mexico July 2004. DR. MANUEL ROBLES LINARES. PROJECTS . Maria Chaparro. Ruby Marentes. Rosa M. Benedicto. Ramón Acosta. USMBHA.

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slide1

Asociación Fronteriza Mexicano / Estadounidense de Salud

U.S. / Mexico Border Health Association

PRESENTATION: BORDER HEALTH

Santa Fe, New Mexico

July 2004

DR. MANUEL ROBLES LINARES

slide2

PROJECTS

Maria Chaparro

Ruby Marentes

Rosa M. Benedicto

Ramón Acosta

usmbha
USMBHA
  • BI-NATIONAL ASSOCIATION
  • PIONEER
  • NON PROFIT
  • ACTIONS IN THREE DISTINCT AREAS

1.- BHC (BI-NATIONAL HEALTH COUNCILS)

2.- UNIVERSITIES AND LEARNING CENTERS

3.- LOCAL DEPARTMENTS OF HEALTH

  • PROGRAMS PROJECTS
  • 14 PEOPLE
  • EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE CONSISTING OF:

(PRESIDENT, SECRETARY, TREASURER, REPRESENTATIVE OF MEXICO, REPRESENTATIVE OF US, AND THE TECHNICAL SECRETARIAT OF THE PAHO)

  • HAS STATUTES AND REGULATIONS
  • ITS PRESIDENCY ALTERNATES (MEXICO-USA)
history
HISTORY
  • 61 YEARS OF UNINTERRUPTED SERVICE
  • INSTITUTIONAL AND PERSONAL MEMBERSHIP
  • ANNUAL MEETING ALTERNATES BETWEEN US AND MEXICO
  • DEFINITION OF THE BORDER STATES IN THE US

1.- 10 STATES

2.- 32 MUNICIPALITIES

3.- 25 COUNTIES

  • POPULATION ALONG THE BORDER:

- 6,275,135 US

- 5,022,882 MEXICO

border states
BORDER STATES

USA 6,275,135

MEXICO 5,022,882

new dimensions of public health along the border
NEW DIMENSIONS OF PUBLIC HEALTH ALONG THE BORDER

MEXICOUS

  • POPULATION 5,022,882 6,275,135
  • SOCIAL SECURITY 50% 87%
  • OPEN POPULATION 50 MIL 30 MIL
  • INVESTED IN HEALTH 4% GDP 14.5% GDP
  • HEALTH INSTALLATIONS 1 4.5
  • MORTALITY 13 PER MIL 8 PER MIL
  • BIRTHS 2 1.3
  • INDICATORS OF SOCIAL 60% 92%

DEVELOPMENT

THE MISSION OF BORDER HEALTH IS EQUITY

recognition for achievements reached in border health
RECOGNITION FOR ACHIEVEMENTS REACHED IN BORDER HEALTH
  • IBWC (INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION)1950
  • EPA
  • BANK OF BORDER DEVELOPMENT
  • BI-NATIONAL HEALTH COMMISSION 2000
  • PRELIMINARY REVISIONS
  • GUBERNATORIAL MEETINGS
  • MEETINGS BETWEEN SONORA-ARIZONA
active passive and structures in observance
ACTIVE, PASSIVE AND STRUCTURES IN OBSERVANCE
  • ACADEMIC CENTERS (ALMOST A CENTURY)
  • UNIVERSITIES
  • HEALTH UNIVERSITIES
  • MEDICAL SCHOOLS
  • PUBLIC HEALTH
  • BORDER COLLEGES
  • NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
  • ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENTS
  • ALTRUISTIC MOVEMENTS
  • FOUNDATIONS
  • VOLUNTEERS
  • ASSISTANCE
slide11

GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

OF DENGUE - 2000

slide12

LIFE CYCLE OF PLASMODIUM VIVAX

MALARIAOR PALLADIUMPARASITES

slide13

GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION

OF MALARIA 2002

slide14

TRANSMISSION MODE OF VIRAL ENCEPHALITIS OF SAN LUIS or WEST NILE

Vertebrate reservoirs

Mosquito vectors(Culex Species)

Dead – end hosts

Virus

slide17

14.0

10.0

6.0

2.0

12.6

0.0

12.0

8.0

4.0

10.4

8.9

8.3

8.1

7.3

6.3

2000

2010

2020

YEARS

MEDIUM INCREASE IN BORDER POPULATION, 2000 - 2020

Population by Millions

TENDENCIA 1990 – 2000 (3.51%)

PROYECCIÓN MEDIA (2.5%)

PROYECCIÓN CONAPO (1.79–1.30%)

slide18

80

60

40

20

0

YEARS

2000

2010

2020

2050

Population Trends 2000 – 2050

Population by age groups

Percentage Breakdown 2000 - 2050

< 15

15 - 64

65 and over

Percentage

slide19

Birth Rates

Mexico 1930 - 2000

7

6

5

4

Births per Woman

3

2

1

0

1930

2000

YEARS

slide20

Demographic Changes in

Mexico

120

100

80

60

Population by Millions

40

20

0

1930

2000

YEARS

slide26

58TH ANNUAL MEETING

HERMOSILLO, SON. 2000

RESOLUTIONS 21st CENTURY

  • DIABETES
  • ADDICTIONS
  • ENVIRONMENT
slide29

PREVENTION

Life with Spinal Bifida

slide32

STATISTICS 1950-2000

PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS

ADDICTIONS

CHOLERA

VIRAL SICKNESS

CANCER

ACCIDENTS

MEASLES, POLIO

DIABETES

1950 2000

1950 2000

1950 2000

1950 2000

1950 2000

1950 2000

1950 2000

1950 2000

slide34

GLOBAL POPULATION

  • Currently there are 6.3 billion people in the world
  • It is estimated that earth’s population will reach 8.9 billion by the year 2050. Most of this increase will occur in developing countries.
  • The 49 countries which are least developed will over exceed 168 million to 1.7 billion in the year 2050.
  • In proportion to the total world population, adolescents will increase from 14% to 25.6%.
slide35

REPRODUCTIVE AND SEXUAL HEALTH

  • 560,000 youth live with HIV/AIDS out of which 31% are female
  • The virus is mainly spread through sexual activity between men who have sex with men, but many young women are being infected.
  • Latin America countries have developed action plans towards the information and education of sexual and reproductive health.
slide36

GLOBAL YOUTH POPULATION

  • Almost half of the worlds population are younger than 25 years. The largest youth population in history.
  • 100 million youth between 15 to 24 years of age are in Latin America
  • 1,200 million adolescents. The largest adolescent population recorded in history.
  • More than 20% of the population in developing countries are between the ages of 10 and 19
  • 85% of the adolescents in the world live in these developing countries
slide37

GLOBAL POVERTY

  • 238 million, almost a forth of the youth population, live with A DAILY PAIN
  • 462 million youth live with less than TWO DAILY PAINS, that’s 43% of youth population
  • 6 out of 10 youths in the world and 1 out of 4 adolescents live in extreme poverty.
  • 15million youth in Latin America live in extreme poverty
  • 2 out of 11 countries containing 77% of the youth in extreme poverty are in Latin America: Brazil and Mexico
slide38

GLOBAL EDUCATION

  • 153 million youth between 15 to 24 years of age de are illiterate. 62% of which are females
  • 2 out of 3 illiterates in the world are females older than 15 years.
  • Up until the age of 18, girls have received an average of 4.4 years less than boys
  • Birth rates decrease as educational levels increase
  • Its very common for a girl with a low level of education to wed and to bare children at an early age
slide39

PUBLIC POLICIES FOR THE YOUTH

  • Mobilize active community support
  • Involve the youth in the planning and development of policies and programs
  • Investing in youth will generate greater opportunities for future generations
  • Develop programs that are decentralized, multi dimensionaland cross sectional to addressthe inaction costs
  • The programs must adjust to the specificvital situations and meet the cultural expectations of the youth
slide40

YOUTH IN LATIN AMERICA

  • Half of all street children live in Latin America
  • 17.4 million children under the age of 15 work as child laborers in Latin America
  • One out of every 230 people in the world, is a child or an adolescent forced to runaway from home.
slide53

Thalia

Edward James Olmos

George Lopez

Oscar De La Hoya

Esteban Loaiza

Paulina Rubio

Jose Luis Castillo

Ana Gabriela G.

Elsa Benitez

Julio Cesar Chavez

INTERNATIONAL PREVENTIONS

slide55

www.usmbha.org

www.usmbha.org

VISIT US AT:

USMBHA

Santa Fe, New Mexico

July 2004

DR. MANUEL ROBLES LINARESEXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

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