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Enlightened Well man Care. Alfredo Vigil, MD August 3, 2014. Thanks to Dr. Jennifer Phillips This PowerPoint created by her and used t oday to create a complimentary presentation t o her talk. The REAL Problem.

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Enlightened well man care

Enlightened Well man Care

Alfredo Vigil, MD

August 3, 2014


Thanks to Dr. Jennifer Phillips

This PowerPoint created by her and used

today to create a complimentary presentation

to her talk.


The real problem
The REAL Problem

  • It is impossible, in a typical primary care practice to do a good job of acute and chronic care and still cover all the reasonable goals of prevention, screening, and education.

  • The American model of “make an appointment” health care is grossly inadequate.

  • Other countries make much more use of health extenders and community-based models of health maintenance.


Case 1
Case 1

  • 17 yr old young man

  • Sexually active and interested in birth control

  • Non-smoker

  • What screening tests are important?

  • What exam is important?


Case 2
Case 2

  • 28 yr old man

  • Monogamous relationship

  • Non-smoker

  • What screening tests are important?

  • What exam is important?


Case 3
Case 3

  • 55 yr old man

  • Smoker

  • Sexually active

  • What screening tests are important?

  • What exam is important?


Some basic principles
Some basic principles

  • There are consequences to over-screening and over-treatment

  • Sometimes less is more

  • Avoid hazards of false positive tests

  • Avoid unneeded work-ups

  • First, do no harm


Nihilist v blind believer
Nihilist v. Blind Believer

  • “I don’t believe in tests.”

  • “ I want my serum porcelain level checked.”

  • What are the limits between reasonable cooperation and bad medical practice?


Screening tests
Screening Tests

  • Screening tests are good when the prevalence of disease is high in the targeted population

  • Screening tests are good when there is effective treatment for the disease being screened

  • Screening tests are good when they are easy to administer, cause little discomfort, and are inexpensive and accurate


Why do less
Why do less?

  • Avoid a wasted visit- Improve access

  • Avoid lost time for visits of little or no benefit

  • Save health care dollars

  • Remember screening tests are only a small part of preventive health care


Well m an care health screening visit
Well Man Care = Health Screening Visit

  • Improves health through anticipatory guidance and screening

  • Improves man’s sense of well being through attention to “health visit” instead of “sick visit”

  • Promotes therapeutic relationship between woman and provider

  • Encourages positive action towards maintenance of health


If you aren t their primary care provider
If you aren’t their Primary Care Provider

  • Find out if they have one

  • Don’t duplicate services

  • Having a primary care provider improves health outcomes!


Well man visit
Well Man Visit

  • Family Planning / STD screening PLUS

  • Appropriate cancer screening

  • Address alcohol use, drug use, smoking

  • Depression screening

  • Vaccinations


General health issues
General Health Issues

  • Diet and exercise

  • Lab work- screening for high cholesterol and diabetes

  • Overweight and Obesity

  • Blood pressure screening


Well man care differs throughout a man s lifecycle
Well Man Care Differs Throughout a Man’s Lifecycle

  • Early Manhood--- HPV vaccine, other Vaccinations, STD screening, sexual education

  • Manhood--- Cardiovascular Risks, Mental Health, Cancer Screening, Vaccinations

  • Late Manhood and Grandfatherhood--- Male Menopause, Cancer Screening, Vaccinations


What about the leading causes of death
What About the Leading Causes of Death

  • Accidents, injuries, homicide, and suicide are at the top of the list for men from birth to age 44.

  • Number 3 on the list from age 45 to 65.

  • If we REALLY wanted to save men’s lives, we would address violence in its many forms.

    • Social Determinants of Health

    • Testosterone Poisoning

  • Public Health Strategies versus “In the office” care.


Who do you listen to
Who do you listen to?

  • There are many organizations with guidelines for well man care

  • AAFP, ACS, AMA, USPSTF

  • Men’s Health, Maxim, Esquire (kidding…)


Who do men listen to
Who Do Men Listen To?

  • Not as much to their same gender as women.

  • In general, they don’t read, discuss, think about health as much as women.

  • As a result, men have more “sketchy” understanding about health.

  • Truth is, women often play a major role in men’s health.

  • God save us all from the anti-science mongers that have infiltrated policy, education, and the media.


Who defines well m an services
Who Defines Well Man Services?

US Preventive Services Taskforce

  • Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality

  • Rigorous evidence-based review process

  • Multidisciplinary, non-industry expert panel

  • Screening recommendations by disease and by four age groups + pregnancy

  • Supports “opportunistic prevention” model


Uspstf 2007 strength of recommendation
USPSTF 2007: Strength of Recommendation

www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org


Case 1 17 yr old young man
Case 117 yr old young man

  • What’s recommended according to USPSTF app?

  • non-smoker

  • sexually active


Grade a recommendations
Grade A Recommendations

  • HIV screening if at increased risk

  • Syphillis screening if at increased risk


Case 2 28 yr old man
Case 228 yr old man

  • What’s recommended according to USPSTF app?

  • non-smoker

  • sexually active


Grade a recommendations1
Grade A Recommendations

  • HIV screen only if at increased risk

  • BP check

  • Syphillis screen only if at increased risk


Case 3 55 yr old man
Case 355 yr old man

  • What’s recommended according to the USPSTF app?

  • Smoker

  • Not sexually active


Grade a recommendations2
Grade A Recommendations

  • Aspirin to prevent CVD

  • Colon cancer screening

  • HIV screening

  • BP check

  • Lipid screening

  • Syphilis screening if high risk

  • Counsel on tobacco use


Screening in over 76 yo
Screening in Over 76 yo

  • Aspirin up to 79

  • BP monitoring

  • Lipids

  • Syphilis at high risk

  • Falls

  • Nutrition – Over and Under


Immunizations
Immunizations

  • Men should be immunized at recommended intervals unless there are individual contraindications

  • HPV vaccine in early adolescence

  • Tdap booster

  • Rubella if not immune

  • Influenza every year

  • Go to http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/easy-to-read/adult.html


Is a well man visit advised annually
Is a Well Man Visit Advised Annually?

  • USPSTF says visits can be every 1-3 yrs depending on health status, risk factors and patient preference.

  • Given that it is difficult to get men to go to a primary care provider for ANY reason, ANY encounter should be guided toward prevention services.

  • The key to improving the behavior of all patients, including men, is the relationship between patient and provider!


Is a physical exam always necessary
Is a physical exam always necessary?

  • There has been a shameful loss of physical examination as the foundation of diagnosis.

  • “Laying of hands” is therapeutic

  • Parts of exam should be as needed

  • Some visits may be mostly counseling, education and vital signs


What may be the real value of health screening visits laine ann intern med 2002 136 701
What May Be the Real Value of Health Screening Visits?Laine, Ann Intern Med 2002:136:701

“Carves out a time and a place for prevention”

Opportunity for behavioral anticipatory guidance

Establishment of the clinician-patient relationship

Increased sense of patient well-being; positive action toward self-maintenance of health

More likely to seek care when a problem occurs

Desirable tests more likely to be done at Health Screening visits than during problem-oriented care


  • Specified preventive services must be covered with no cost-sharing for deductibles and co-payments

  • Preventive services include

    • USPSTF grade [A] or [B] recommendations

    • AAP Bright Futures recommendations for adolescents

    • CDC ACIP vaccination recommendations

  • 2011: additionalmen’s preventive services not addressed by USPSTF… to “close the gaps”


Stroke prevention
Stroke Prevention cost-sharing

  • The USPSTF recommends that men 55 to 79 years of age take around 75 mg of aspirin per day when the benefit of ischemic stroke reduction outweighs the increased risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage

  • A tool to help determine an individual’s risk of stroke is available at : http:www.westernstroke.org/PersonalStrokeRisk1.xls.


Summary
Summary cost-sharing

  • Well man care is an opportunity to focus on disease prevention, screening and health promotion

  • The recommendations are constantly evolving- find an up to date source like USPSTF and stay tuned!


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