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Presentation: W 2/27 Patricia Arriaga Cindy Bui Kathy Situ Edgar Gastelum Sam Song. Announcements. Transnational Existentialism. Joaquin’s The Woman Who Had Two Navels. 1902 – 1934: first major wave of Filipino immigration into US 1934: passage of Philippine Independence Act

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Announcements

  • Presentation: W 2/27

    • Patricia Arriaga

    • Cindy Bui

    • Kathy Situ

    • Edgar Gastelum

    • Sam Song

Announcements


Transnational existentialism

Transnational Existentialism

Joaquin’s The Woman Who Had Two Navels


Filipino american literature

  • 1902 – 1934: first major wave of Filipino immigration into US

  • 1934: passage of Philippine Independence Act

    • Revokes noncitizen national status of Filipinos and subjects them to racist national quota of 50 per year

  • 1935: passage of Filipino repatriation act

  • Bulosan – critique of hypocrisy & contradiction of benevolent assimilation, exposure of racist marginalization in US, radical re-imagining of America

  • Santos – doubled impossibility of belonging to US or Philippines, condition of manong’s exile

Filipino/American Literature


Trans national

trans·na·tion·al(adj)- extending or operating across national boundaries

Trans – national

  • Spanish colony  unincorporated territory  commonwealth  Japanese occupied land  independent Republic of the Philippines

  • Spanish colonial noncitizen national  foreign alien  Japanese subject  Philippine citizen

    How does one define one’s identity when one is not only in transit between nations but one’s country is also constantly having its political status transformed by colonialism and war?

Trans-national


From wwii to cold war

  • 1942 – 1945 – Japanese occupation of Manila

  • Augst 6-9, 1945 – Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

  • July 4, 1946 – Philippine independence recognized

  • 1946 – 1952 – Chinese Revolution

From WWII to Cold War


Nick joaquin

  • Born May 4. 1917 in Manila

  • Historian, journalist, short story writer and novelist in English

  • Recognized by Jose Garcia Villa

  • Named national artist by Ferdinand Marcos

  • Deep admirer of Rizal – translated “Mi Ultimo Adios”

  • The Woman Who Had Two Navels – published 1961

    • Symbolism of two navels?

Nick Joaquin


Setting

  • Two major locations:

    • Post-WWII Manila

    • Hong Kong – British possession & location of Aguinaldo’s exiled government

  • Timeframe:

    • Early years of independence

    • Contemporary with Communist-Nationalist struggle

Setting


Characters

Esteban Borromeo Concha Vidal Manolo Vidal

Dr. Monson

Connie Escobar

PacoTexeira

Mary Texeira

Pepe Fr. Tony

Rita

Macho Escobar

Characters


Post colonial existentialism

  • (post)colonial vs postcolonial  is there ever an end to colonizing power?

    • Dr. Monson’s visit to Manila

  • Is it futile to search for the definitions of good/evil & right/wrong?

    • Context of WWII  Holocaust vs atomic bomb

  • Existentialism  “existence precedes essence”

  • What defines one’s life when there are no abstract and overarching systems to believe in?

    • “Side by side on the sofa they discussed his father and her daughter” (19)

    • What is the relationship between Dr. Monson and Connie Escobar?

(post)colonial existentialism


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