come take a tour of the. BABYLONIAN EMPIRE.
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come take a tour of the
In 2000 B.C., Amorites invaded Mesopotamia. They overwhelmed the Sumerians, and established the empire of Babylon, located on the Euphrates River. The Babylonians were a powerful nation under the reign of Hammurabi, and obtained many resources which made it one of the greatest, most successful civilizations of all time!
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explore the wonders
of the Babylonian Empire!!!!!!!!!
Hammurabi, the emperor of Babylon, reigned from 1792-1750 B.C. He created perhaps the most interesting language, or code of laws. Hammurabi recognized that a single code of laws would help advance with empire. With that, he created the Code of Hammurabi. The code was a written language for all Babylonians, inscribed on stone tablets my Hammurabi himself. It was a uniform code that included laws, rules and judgments. Some crimes, such as steeling and at fault, may result in death. Others, like putting out the eye of a free man, may result in paying one gold mina. Copies of the code were sent all over his empire for all people to read and follow.
There are about 282 laws dealing with the community. Since many people were farmers, merchants or traders, many laws were related to the property issue. Some laws protected women and children from unfair treatment. The same laws applied to everyone, but there were different punishments for poor women and poor men.
Hammurabi’s Code basically reinforced everything that the government has a responsibility for what occurred in the society. For example, if a man was robbed and the robber was not caught, it was the government’s responsibility to find the thief and deal with him.
Ruled by a Theocracy
The king interceded with the gods
A monarchy, like most ancient governments
After the Hammurabi collapsed, the Persians took over and soon everything grew and
developed into bigger and better things
The king was the overall ruler
The system of laws was very important
Science and Technology
Babylon contained a ziggurat that was over 300 feet tall which enabled astronomers to get a better look at the atmosphere.
Chaldean astronomers began to study the position and change of the stars and planets visible in the sky.
Astronomers soon concluded that the sun, moon, Earth, and five other planets belonged to the same solar system.
The Babylonians’ observations formed the basis of astrology and astronomy in our world.
The Babylonians adopted much of their culture from the Sumerians.
They developed irrigation systems and agriculture techniques by copying the Sumerians.
The Social Life of the Babylonians
Three Classes of People
Awilu- A free person of the upper class
Wardu- A slave
Mushkenu- A free person of low estate
If free people committed a crime, they could be forced into slavery. Parents could sell their own children in time of need. Men could also sell their entire family in order to pay off debt, but not for more than three years.