Alfred University. A Globally Harmonized System (GHS) The revised OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. Global Harmonization System 2013 Right To Understand. Compliance Phase-In: The table below summarizes the phase-in dates required under the revised Hazard Communication Standard (HCS):.
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A Globally Harmonized System (GHS)
The revised OSHA Hazard Communication Standard
Global Harmonization System 2013
Right To Understand
The table below summarizes the phase-in dates required under the revised Hazard Communication Standard (HCS):
Major changes to the Hazard Communication Standard:
Chemical manufacturers and importers are required to determine the hazards of the chemicals they produce or import. Hazard classification under the new, updated standard provides specific criteria to address health and physical hazards as well as classification of chemical mixtures.
Chemical manufacturers and importers must provide a label that includes a signal word, pictogram, hazard statement, and precautionary statement for each hazard class and category.
Safety Data Sheets:
The new format requires 16 specific sections, ensuring consistency in presentation of important protection information.
Information and training:
To facilitate understanding of the new system, the new standard requires that workers be trained by December 1, 2013 on the new label elements and safety data sheet format, in addition to the current training requirements.
Keys Words (Terminology)
Class the hazard or hazards assigned to a product, or inherent properties,which are identified as physical, health, and environmental.
Category the degree of danger represented by the hazard of a particular product, these range from category 1, great danger to category 5, low danger.
Product Identifier chemical name or trade name or proper shipping name.
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) analogous to MSDS in the U.S. These are sheets or a booklet that describe the hazards of the product, and give details about safe handling and responding to emergencies.
Pictogram the symbol or sign used to identify the class (hazard(s)) assigned to a product on the warning label. There are 9 pictograms.
Signal Word is the word Danger or Warning that will appear as part of the warning label. Indicates the degree of hazard the product possesses.
Hazard Statements are standardized statements that will appear as part of the hazard communication system identifying just what hazards the user should be aware of.
Precautionary Statements are standardized statements (and/or pictogram) which describe recommended measures that should be taken to minimize adverse effects resulting from exposures to a hazardous product, or improper storage or handling of a hazardous product.
Three basic classes of hazards:
Physical – e.g. flammability or reactivity
Health – immediate and long-term toxicity
Environmental – toxicity to aquatic organisms, potential to bio accumulate or persist in the environment, and things hazardous to the ozone layer.
Acute Toxicity (immediate hazard)
Chronic Toxicity (long-term hazard)
Categories 1 through 5 – similar to transportation packing group
Categories may be further sub-divided, e.g. Category 1A, 1B, 1C, etc. Explosive hazards are designated by “divisions”. The less dangerous categories may not be regulated in all modes in all countries.
Example: Assigning categories using the GHS system
Note: A very small amount, 0-5 mg/kg of bodyweight (oral), of an acutely toxic substance yields an LD50 (the lethal dose kills 50 % of the tested population). This results in assigning a Category 1 – most hazardous designation. ( Example: Cyanide - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyanide )
GHS Label Elements:
Classification (class and category) drives labeling. Information should be conveyed in more than one way, both symbols and text.
GHS Standardized Elements:
Only two words are used, “Danger” or “Warning”, to emphasize the hazard and differentiate between the degrees of hazard. Danger is used for higher hazard materials, and Warning for lower level hazards. The use of one word excludes the use of the other.
GHS assigns a single harmonized statement for each level of hazard within each hazard class. See Annex 3 – Section 1, of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (2011) Fourth Revised Edition. Example below:
Note: Another useful reference is Annex 1“Allocation of Label Elements”. This resource includes the label pictogram, signal word, hazard statement, and the UN Model Regulation pictogram and information.
This element is not yet mandatory in the U.S. as of Jan 2013. Mandatory or recommended inclusion of precautionary statements on the label will be left up to the individual country. Annex 3- Section 2discusses the codification and use of precautionary statements.
Note: Only those label elements identified with a red arrow are currently required under the GHS labeling system. The chemical or product/trade name serves as the product identifier and one should identify the hazardous ingredients where appropriate.
More on Precautionary Statements
Precautionary Statements: phrases (and/or pictograms) that describe recommended measures that should be taken in order to minimize or prevent adverse effects that could result from improper storage and handling of or exposure to a hazardous product.
What does a Precautionary Code look like?
Where can I find further information on the different types of Precautionary statements?
Do I need to apply a precautionary statement and code when creating a label?
What are the requirements for precautionary statements when preparing a SDS?
“ P313: Get medical advice/attention”
“ P330: Rinse mouth”
GHS Label Placement:
Confidential Business Information (CBI):
Safety Data Sheets - SDS Annex 4:
The SDS will provide comprehensive information about a chemical substance or mixture, including:
GHS referenced standards, include but not limited to, to assist in SDS preparation:
ANSI Standard Z400.1
ISO Standard 11014
ILO Standard under Recommendation 177
SDS Standardized Format – 16 Headings:
Identification – product and supplier
Hazard(s) identification: GHS classification and GHS labeling statements
Product composition and basic information on ingredients including CAS #
First aid measures
Accidental release measures
Safe handling and storage requirements
Exposure controls and personal protective equipment
Physical and chemical properties summary
Stability and reactivity summary
Toxicological information – carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and reproductive effects
Ecological information – toxicity to aquatic organisms and biodegradability
Other information – relevant information not given elsewhere on the SDS
Note: All Safety Data Sheets, regardless of country, will contain these 16 informational headings.
Question and Answer Session
GHS portion completed, break for 10 minutes
then return after break for Right To Understand
Right To Understand - Review
Encountering Hazardous Substances in the Workplace
Requirements of the Standard
OSHA/PESH – Employees, employers, students, Hazard Communication - 29 CFR 1910.1200, respiratory protection, personal protective equipment (PPE), etc.
EPA – “cradle to the grave”, containment, storage and disposal
DEC – water, soil and air contamination
Other Government Agencies – DOH (health), FDA (food and drugs), NFPA (fire)
What is a Hazardous Substance?
A hazardous substance includes, (but is not limited to), products that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, reactive, irritants, oxidizers, sensitizers, explosives, or radioactive.
The key question to ask is, “Do these materials create an unusual health or safety risk through their use or storage?”
If the answer is yes, the material is likely hazardous.
NOTE: The definitions and criteria of the hazards of a substance can be found in the Globally Harmonized System Revision 4 2011 edition. Physical hazards are found in Part 2, health hazards are found in part 3, and environmental hazards are found in part 4.
Informing of Hazards
OSHA recommends that employers offer the following prevention strategies (listed in order of OSHA priority):
Engineering controls eliminate or reduce exposure to a chemical or physical hazard through the use or substitution of engineered machinery or equipment. Examples include self-capping syringe needles, ventilation systems such as a fume hood, sound-dampening materials to reduce noise levels, safety interlocks, and radiation shielding.
Administrative controls (or work practice controls) are changes in work procedures such as written safety policies, rules, supervision, medical surveillance and training with the goal of reducing the duration, frequency, and severity of exposure to hazardous chemicals or situations.
OSHA Recommendations Continued
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) such as safety glasses with side shields, splash goggles, face shields, chemical resistant gloves, hard hats, rubber aprons, safety shoes, respirators, & hearing protectors must be worn when required, and maintained in good condition. The employer is responsible for providing proper PPE to the employee (this does not apply to students in classes or labs).
Prior to Purchasing Chemicals
Routes of Entry
In order of most common to least common:
Inhalation, Absorption, Ingestion, Injection
Factors that affect the degree of hazard from toxic materials
Chemical Safety – Alfred University Policy
Common Sense Safety
Physical Characteristics of Airborne Substances
Gases, Vapors, Fumes, Dusts, Mists, Smoke
COMPRESSED GAS - Any gas, mixture of gases or liquids in a container having a pressure or vapor pressure exceeding ANSI Standards.
The following precautions must be used when handling:
Council on Green Efforts @ AU
Containers and Labeling
Safety Data Sheet (SDS)
Hazard Protection / Prevention
Other Specific Information
EHS Exposure Monitoring
MSDS Online at Alfred University
SDS’s for Alfred University can be found on the internet
by going to http://our.alfred.edu click on Faculty/Staff, and
then Environmental Health and Safety. At the top of the EH&S
page is the MSDS Online Click here link. The ensuing Access
MSDS Online page will give you the final link and instructions
for accessing MSDS’s at Alfred University.
If your work area or laboratory does not have access to a computer, a hard copy of all SDS’s in a 3-ring binder must be maintained in addition to the electronic copy. Supervisors are responsible for assigning an MSDS Online site administrator, and notifying EH&S when a new site administrator has been assigned. EH&S will train MSDS Online site administrators utilizing both online and individual training.
It is the employee’s responsibility to read, understand and follow the information provided by an SDS for any hazardous material they may use or come in contact with.
Housekeeping – Alfred University Policy
Preparedness - Alfred University Policy
Ensure your work area/lab has the following safety devices/systems:
Emergency Response Information
An Emergency Response information folder has been published by Alfred University providing detailed information relating to emergencies and non-emergencies. A copy of this folder may be obtained by contacting the office of Public Safety at ext. 2108.
Alfred University Accident Report
The Alfred University Accident/Incident/Near-Miss Investigation Report can be found at the following link: http://our.alfred.edu/index.cfm/fuseaction/ehs.first.cfm
The report must be submitted to EH&S within 24 hours.
Environmental Health and Safety Web Site
The EH&S Office is located in Myers Hall Rm. 117
Emergency(from campus phone)9-911
Cherise Haase (EH&S Manager) Office: 607.871.2190
Dean Perry (EH&S Tech.)Office: 607.871.2196
Shanti Jonchhe(EH&S Tech.)Office: 607.871.2497
Public SafetyOffice: 607.871.2108