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Friends! Veterinary medicine is a highly respected and compassionate profession. However, its contributions are largely unappreciated because our colleagues have been too busy serving the public to publicize their contributions to animal and human health, animal welfare, food safety and food security
Dr. Nicole Seng Lai Giea
Veterinary Public Health andZoonoses
What can we do for you?
Transportation & Working activities
Social and economic losses
transmitted from humans to animals
1. Direct zoonoses
（as from person to person) by direct contact with an affected individual’s discharges or by direct means (as by a vector)
immediate transfer of an organism to receptive portal of entry in man through which infection may take place
transmission of infectious organism from the source/reservoir through contaminated materials or objects or vectors
a. vehicle-borne – by any non-living(inanimate)
or objects (fomites) which serves as intermediate means by which the organism are transmitted to susceptible host
b. vector-borne- by living arthropod, such as insects , mites, ticks, fleas which transmit the infective form of agent to susceptible host
b. I mechanical host
b. II biological host
Infectious agents are carried through its soiled feet or proboscis or by the passages o the agents in the GIT
Infectious agents undergo propagation/
multiplication ,cyclic development or a combination to become infective forms before they are transmitted
Beneficial or hazardous??