Beam test of a large area gem detector p rototype for the upgrade of the cms muon e ndcap s ystem
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Beam Test of a Large-Area GEM Detector P rototype for the Upgrade of the CMS Muon E ndcap S ystem. Vallary Bhopatkar M. Hohlmann, M. Phipps, J. Twigger, A. Zhang Dept. of Physics and Space Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology (for the CMS GEM Collaboration). Outline. Motivation

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Beam test of a large area gem detector p rototype for the upgrade of the cms muon e ndcap s ystem

Beam Test of a Large-Area GEM Detector Prototype for the Upgrade of the CMS Muon Endcap System

Vallary Bhopatkar

M. Hohlmann, M. Phipps, J. Twigger, A. Zhang

Dept. of Physics and Space Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology

(for the CMS GEM Collaboration)

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Outline

Outline

  • Motivation

  • Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) Detectors

  • Construction of GE1/1 Prototype III Large Area GEM Detector

  • FNAL Test Beam Oct 2013: Setup and Measurements

  • Detector performance in FNAL Test Beam

    • Uniformity, Cluster Size, Efficiency

  • Preliminary Tracking Results

    • Correlation of GE 1/1 Detector with Trackers, Resolution

  • Summary and Future Plans

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Motivation

Motivation

CMS Upgrade

View from the top of CMS down

  • During the phase II upgrade process of CMS detector at CERN, we are planning to install large-area GEM detectors in the forward muon region.

  • This installation will help to restore redundancy for tracking and triggering in muon system.

  • GEM detector can sustain in high rate environment, provides precise tracking, which improves muon momentum resolution and helps to maintain the global muon trigger rate

Source: Worshop-Intro-Asharma-24-3-2014

  • The combination of GEM+CSC can provide an accurate measurement of the muon bending angle unaffected by multiple scattering, which can be used at the L1 trigger to reduce the soft muon rate.

  • Florida Tech is planning to contribute to this upgrade project by producing and commissioning approximately 40 detectors. We constructed a first large-area GE1/1 GEM detector and studied its characteristics at a test beam at Fermilab in Oct. 2013

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Gas electron multiplier detector

Gas Electron Multiplier Detector

  • Micro Pattern Gas Detector (MPGD)

  • GEM foil is a kapton foil coated with copper on both sides that has an array of holes (typically 140µm pitch)

  • High voltage is applied across foils, which creates avalanche of electrons through holes

  • Provides good efficiency and spatial resolution

70µm

140µm

Source: http://gdd.web.cern.ch/GDD/

  • Typical gas gain

  • of 104 with gas

  • mixture of Ar/CO2

Triple GEM configuration:

Most popular and reliable

Murtas, F.: “Development of a gaseous detector based on Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) Technology

Source: http://www.flc.desy.de/tpc/basicsgem.php

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Construction of ge1 1 prototype iii large area gem detector at florida tech

Construction of GE1/1 Prototype III Large-Area GEM Detector at Florida Tech

Total assembly time 3 Hrs 40 mins with 2 people

Step I

GEM foils assembly with inner frames

Stack of GEM foils with inner frames ready to place on drift electrode

Stretched GEM foils with inner and outer frames

Step II

Stretching GEM foils by providing tension

  • Internal gap configuration of the detector: 3/1/2/1mm

  • GEM foils produced by single mask etching technique at CERN

  • Active area: approximately

  • 99×(28-45)cm2

  • “Largest GEM detector in existence"

Step III Finished GEM detector w/ APV frontend hybrids connected

Eta 8

7

6

3

1

5

4

2

1D readout board with 3,072 radial strips connected through 24 Panasonic connectors to 24 APV hybrids

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Fnal test beam oct 2013 setup and measurements

FNAL Test Beam Oct 2013Setup and Measurements

  • Gas mixture used in all detectors: Ar/CO2 70:30

  • Beam Energies:

  • Mixed hadrons: 32 GeV

  • Proton: 120 GeV

  • 3 (10cm x 10cm) &

  • 1 (50cm x 50cm) GEM trackers with 2D readout area @ 4200V

  • DAQ with RD51 SRS

  • CMS detector tests:

  • 1. High voltage scan from

  • 2900V to 3300V

  • 2. Position Scan at 3250V

  • in 3 positions:

  • Upper row APV

  • Middle row APV

  • Lower row APV

CMS GE1/1-III Detector

Trackers

Trackers

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Basic performance characteristics of detector from fnal test beam data

Basic Performance Characteristics of Detector from FNAL Test Beam Data

Cluster Charge Distribution

Cluster Size vs. High Voltage

Cluster Size at 3250V

Cluster size increases with voltage

Cluster charge distribution at 3250V

fitted with Landau function

Detection Efficiency with

Different Cuts on Pedestal Widths

Charge Uniformity

  • Average cluster size at operating voltage is 2.4 strips

  • At 3250V, most probable values for all 3 APV position are used to determine the charge uniformity across the detector:

  • Detection efficiency measured with this detector is 97.8% (with 5-sigma cut on pedestal width).

Detection Efficiency is 97.8%

At 3250V

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Preliminary tracking results reference tracker and correlations with cms ge1 1 detector

Preliminary Tracking ResultsReference Tracker and Correlations with CMS GE1/1 Detector

Beam Profile

Correlation of GE1/1 detector hits with hits in first tracker detector:

32 GeV mixed-hadron

120 GeV proton

Residuals of Tracker 1 in φ

Reference Detector resolution in φ

Inclusive

σ = 21µrad

Exclusive

σ = 75µrad

Tracker 2

Tracker 1

Tracker 3

Tracker 4

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Preliminary tracking results resolutions for cms gem detector in e ta s ector 5

Preliminary Tracking Results Resolutions for CMS GEM Detector in Eta Sector 5

Inclusive Residual

Exclusive Residual

σ = 92μrad in φ

σ = 116μrad in φ

Preliminary

Preliminary

  • This translates to residual widths of σ = 172 µm (inclusive) and σ = 217 µm (exclusive) in the azimuthal direction (at the center of the eta sector 5) using R=1874 mm.

  • Taking the geometric mean of exclusive and inclusive residual widths we find a resolution of σ = 103 µrad (22% of strip pitch) which corresponds to σ = 193 µm in the center of eta sector 5 when using the pulse-height sensitive analog readout

Resolution of the detector: σ = (103 ± 1) µrad (22% of strip pitch)

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Comparison of resolution and detection e fficiency

Comparison of Resolution and Detection Efficiency

Resolution

Best resolution is obtained at the efficiency plateau (as expected)

Efficiency

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Summary

Summary

  • The beam test at FNAL was successful as the performance of the GE1/1 prototype large area detector meets the expectation.

  • Detection efficiency of the detector is 97.8% in eta sector 5 and it is consistent with all other sectors.

  • Charge uniformity shows similar response for all three APV position.

  • Spatial resolution improves with high voltage and gives the best value when it reaches a plateau which corresponds to the efficiency plateau.

  • Spatial resolution at 3250V of eta sector 5 is (103 ± 1)μrad which is equivalent to 193 μm.

  • Future work:

  • Measure the spatial resolution of the other sectors of the GEM detector.

  • Measure eff. and res. with simulated binary-output electronics (as planned for CMS upgrade).

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Vallary bhopatkar m hohlmann m phipps j twigger a zhang

Thank You!

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Vallary bhopatkar m hohlmann m phipps j twigger a zhang

Backup Slides

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Efficiency measurement

Efficiency Measurement

  • Studied the hit distribution, charge distribution and cluster size for HV scan and Position scan

  • Evaluates the efficiency from cluster multiplicity(CM)

    Where, N1: No. of events with CM≥1 for given sector

    N: Total no. of events

    N2: sum of the no. of events with CM≥1 for other sectors

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


Tracking

Tracking

APS April Meeting 2014, Savannah, Georgia - Vallary Bhopatkar


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