End of world war ii beginning of cold war
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End of World War II & Beginning of Cold War. 1945-1950. Legacies of WWII: Death and Destruction. Most European cities were destroyed by bombing from both sides About 50 million people were killed around the world Homelessness was a huge problem in Europe as well as Displaced Persons

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End of World War II & Beginning of Cold War

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End of world war ii beginning of cold war

End of World War II & Beginning of Cold War

1945-1950


Legacies of wwii death and destruction

Legacies of WWII: Death and Destruction

  • Most European cities were destroyed by bombing from both sides

  • About 50 million people were killed around the world

  • Homelessness was a huge problem in Europe as well as Displaced Persons

    • People without a home (ex. Jews sent to concentration camps)


Ruins of berlin

Ruins of Berlin


German women cleaning up berlin

German women cleaning up Berlin


Legacy of world war ii war crimes

Legacy of World War II: War Crimes

  • Horrific actions of Nazis had to be addressed

  • Genocide is defined

  • Nuremberg Trials

    • Main Nazi leaders put on trial for “crimes against humanity”

    • Most found guilty and sentenced to death for their role in Hitler’s Final Solution

    • Set precedent for future; atrocities cannot be committed in war and go unpunished


Peace agreements and division

Peace Agreements and Division

Tehran Conference (1943)

Yalta Conference (1945)

Discussion on post-war Europe

Divide Germany into 4 zones

Reparations and territorial loss for Germany

Allow Eastern Europe to determine their own governments

  • Meeting on war strategy

  • Soviets would attack from East

  • US & Britain promise to invade France (D-Day) and attack from West


The big three @ yalta

The Big Three @ Yalta


Postwar europe origins of cold war division of germany

Postwar Europe & Origins of Cold War:Division of Germany

  • After the war, Germany was divided by the Allies

    • West Germany: controlled by U.S., G.B. and France

    • East Germany: controlled by Soviet Union

  • City of Berlin was divided too

    • West Berlin: controlled by U.S., G.B. and France

    • East Berlin: controlled by Soviet Union


Division of germany

Division of Germany


Postwar europe origins of cold war rising antagonisms

Postwar Europe & Origins of Cold War:Rising Antagonisms

  • US cuts off economic aid to USSR

  • Stalin forces communist dictatorships on Eastern Europe

  • Winston Churchill gives “Iron Curtain” speech

  • Communist revolutionaries wage civil wars in Greece and China


Postwar europe the origins of the cold war truman doctrine

Postwar Europe & the Origins of the Cold War:Truman Doctrine

  • Policy of “containment”

    • United States would stop the spread of communism into non-communist areas through economic or military means


Postwar europe the origins of the cold war the marshall plan

Postwar Europe & the Origins of the Cold War: The Marshall Plan

  • US feared the destruction of war would lead to communist takeovers throughout Europe

  • Marshall Plan

    • Economic aid open to all European nations to rebuild

    • Money accepted by Western European nations only

    • $13 billion ($200 billion today) spent in Europe


Propaganda supporting marshall plan

Propaganda supporting Marshall Plan


Postwar europe the origins of the cold war the berlin blockade

Postwar Europe & the Origins of the Cold War: The Berlin Blockade

  • Berlin located deep in East Germany

  • Stalin orders closure of roads into West Berlin to force western powers out

  • US airlifts supplies for over a year to beat the blockade; USSR lifts blockade in 1948


Postwar europe the origins of the cold war nato and the warsaw pact

Postwar Europe & the Origins of the Cold War: NATO and the Warsaw Pact

  • Defensive alliances created by US and Soviet Union

  • NATO (1949): US and Western Europe

  • Warsaw Pact (1955): Soviet Union and Eastern Europe

  • Impact: assured that Europe would be divided into two armed blocs


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