Ch 15 16 water and its properties test review
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Ch 15/16 Water and its Properties. Test Review. Aqueous solution – water w/ dissolved particles (aq) Solvent – water (dissolver) Solute – salt (dissolvee) (NEW WORD?).

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Aqueous solution – water w/ dissolved particles (aq)Solvent – water (dissolver)Solute – salt (dissolvee)(NEW WORD?)


Solvation: a solute dissolves or dissociates into ions(happens with most soluble ionic compounds and acids)Electrolyte: will conduct electricity when dissolved in a liquid.3 ways to speed up solvationHeatingStirring (agitation)Increasing surface area of the solute (powder)


Solubility – g of solute per 100g of solvent at a certain temperatureBelow: 2 different liquids, same amount of solute (dye). Note black bars.


Does solubility change with temperature temperature increase means solubility increases
Does solubility change with temperature?Temperature Increase meansSolubility increases


saturated solution- will dissolve no more solute (at that temperature). Excess usually makes a pile of crystals on the bottom.unsaturated solution – will dissolve more solute (at that temperature)(left 3 beakers on next slide)


Dilute vs concentrated
Dilute vs concentrated

As you add more solute, from left to right 

Dilute More Concentrated Saturated Saturated

Since 3 on right are saturated, keep adding solute, but they don’t get darker. No more dissolves into them.


Supersaturated solution – contains more solute then should be dissolved at a temperatureex…heating then cooling a solution


Supersatured videos
Supersatured videos

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XSGvy2FPfCw

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HnSg2cl09PI

3 min Long one if you have extra time: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1y3bKIOkcmk


New subject gas solubility s 1 s 2 p 1 p 2
New Subject: Gas Solubility: S1 = S2 P1 P2

Called Henry’s Law.

Amount of gas dissolved in a liquid.

Solubility of a gas in a liquid is directly related to pressure.


Gas solubility
Gas Solubility:

Also, as temperature increases, more gas will dissolve into the liquid.

Temp Increase means

Solubility increases


Miscible – liquids dissolve in each other. (liquids that can mix together)Immiscible – Guess?Is this lava lamp miscible or immiscible?


Molarity: M = mol ÷ L (of solution) molality: m = moles of Solute Pg 538 kg of solventn = molesConcentrations (Note case of M / m) Molarity: M = Volume based of SOLUTION! (after mix) molality: m = Mass based of SOLVENT! (before mix)Solute + Solvent = Solution


By adding water you can dilute the molarityM1V1=M2V2When you ADD WATER, moles of solute stays the same.


A change in a property of a solvent that depends on the concentration of dissolved solute(s) particles is called a colligative property. Colligative properties are vapor pressure lowering, boiling point elevation, freezing point loweringNumber of solute particles in a solution determines colligative properties.


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