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The Researcher/Clinician Dichotomy Fall 2003 Nearly every scientist has experienced, in a moment of discovery… something akin to reverence and awe. Carl Sagan Research Goals at an M.S. Level (Bain, 1991) Help students to become competent consumers of literature

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Nearly every scientist has experienced, in a moment of discovery… something akin to reverence and awe. Carl Sagan


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Research Goals at an M.S. Level (Bain, 1991) discovery… something akin to reverence and awe.

  • Help students to become competent consumers of literature

  • Help students become competent users of research technology for clinical decisions


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Competent Consumers discovery… something akin to reverence and awe.

  • Critically evaluate the literature

  • Determine cautions in interpreting the literature

  • Determine applications to clients served

  • Determine how procedures might be modified to better serve clients


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Research Technology for Informed Clinical Decisions discovery… something akin to reverence and awe.

  • Scientific Method

  • Single-subject designs


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Scientific Method discovery… something akin to reverence and awe.

  • Recognition of a problem that can be studied objectively

  • Collection of data through observation or experiment

  • Drawing of conclusions based on analysis of the data that have been collected.


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Clinical Decisions: Assessment discovery… something akin to reverence and awe.

  • Who is disordered (is there a problem? If so, what is it?)

  • What is the etiology?

  • What is the prognosis?


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Clinical Decisions: Treatment discovery… something akin to reverence and awe.

  • Who should receive what kind of intervention?

  • What should be treated?

  • How should we provide intervention?

    • Alternating treatments design (ATD)

  • Is intervention effective?

    • Single-subject designs

  • When should intervention be terminated?

    • ABA design


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Benefits of a Clinician-Investigator (Silverman, 1977) discovery… something akin to reverence and awe.

  • The job is “more stimulating, less routine”

  • Clinicians are probably more effective when they determine the answers to questions about their intervention or assessment when they “ask answerable questions” and state “testable” hypotheses

  • More aware of the “tentative nature of answers and hypotheses” which is one of the most important aspects because there is “no answer to a question or test of hypothesis” that is final


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“We see the practitioner as an discovery… something akin to reverence and awe.applied scientist or a clinical scientist who uses the clinic or school as a laboratory for the application of the scientific method toward the end of providing the best clinical services possible.” (Ventry & Schiavetti, 1980)


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“When discovery… something akin to reverence and awe.scientific clinicians approach clinical problems in a scientific manner, they are conducting research of the most important type, with the result being the intent of delivering the best clinical management possible.” (Ringel, 1972)


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