The persian wars a defining moment in greek history
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The Persian Wars: A Defining Moment in Greek History. What is the opposite of Greek? What does it take to make the Greeks unite against a common enemy?. Tonight’s Class. The Persian Wars, Part I Movie: Homer’s Odyssey Persian Wars, Part II. Key Questions for Today’s Lecture.

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The persian wars a defining moment in greek history

The Persian Wars: A Defining Moment in Greek History

What is the opposite of Greek?

What does it take to make the Greeks unite against a common enemy?


Tonight s class
Tonight’s Class

  • The Persian Wars, Part I

  • Movie: Homer’s Odyssey

  • Persian Wars, Part II


Key questions for today s lecture
Key Questions for Today’s Lecture

  • Who are the Persians?

  • What are the causes of war?

  • What key events occur during the war?

  • Who wins the war and what are the consequences?



Who are the persians
Who Are The Persians?

  • Absolute Rule of Kings

  • Poverty vs. Decadence

  • Excellence vs. Money


The causes of war
The Causes of War

  • Persians invaded Greece

  • 490 BC (Marathon)

  • 480-479 BC


Battle of marathon 490 bce
Battle of Marathon- 490 BCE

Countless Persians vs. 10,000 Athenians

“The magnificent grove of Marathon can confirm his bravery – as well as the long-haired Persian – who remembers it well.”

- Epitaph of Aeschylus

Where were the Spartans?


The consequences of war
The Consequences of War

  • History changes as a result of this battle

  • Athenians = great political confidence

  • Athenian wealth, greatness + power reflected in literature + building projects


Athens as a naval power
Athens as a Naval Power

  • 482 BCE

  • Silver Mines

  • Aristides’s Plan

  • Themistocles’s resolve


The madness of xerxes
The Madness of Xerxes

  • Bridge over the Hellespont

  • 40,000 hoplites + 366 ships

  • 200,000 + 1000 ships

  • Ships destroyed


Thermopylae 480 bce
Thermopylae – 480 BCE

  • Trap the army, destroy the fleet

  • 300 men, 2 days, one fight to the death

  • “Go tell them in Sparta, stranger, that we lie here obedient to their orders.”

    Simonides




Salamis 480 bce
Salamis – 480 BCE

  • Themistocles’s Brilliant Plan

  • Greek Fleet vs. Persian Fleet

  • Persia loses the battle


479 battle of plataea
479 Battle of Plataea

  • Spartans win

  • But Athens still has naval superiority

  • Greeks win war, but lose internal unity


Sparta vs athens
Sparta vs. Athens

  • Sparta won the deciding battle but . . .

  • Athens had the navy

  • 478 - Delian League

  • One vote each = democratic alliance


Why is this a defining moment in greek history
Why Is This A Defining Moment in Greek History?

Athens - cultural center of the Greek World . . . with the common enemy vanquished, Greeks will fight amongst themselves.


Coming next week
Coming Next Week . . .

  • ATHENIAN LEADERSHIP

  • WOULD THE ATHENIANS HAVE ELECTED ARNOLD?


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