Species depletion
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Species Depletion PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Species Depletion. Species Depletion. Causes a. Habitat loss and degradation b. Exotic species c. Overexploitation. 1.   Legislation a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act  b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

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Species Depletion

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Species depletion

Species Depletion


Species depletion1

SpeciesDepletion

Causes

a. Habitat loss and degradation

b. Exotic species

c. Overexploitation


Species depletion

1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

 b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

 c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

 d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

 (1) Goals

- Self-sustaining wild population

- Maintain species integrity


Species depletion

1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

 b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

 c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

(1) Goals

(2) Listing criteria

(3) Protect critical habitat

(4) Develop recovery plans


Species depletion

1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

 b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

 c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

 d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

e. 1978 – Amendment to ESA of 1973

Enable exemptions (consultations) to ESA


Species depletion

1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

 b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

 c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

 d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

 e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973

f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans

Provide for species protection and economic growth


Species depletion

1.   Legislation

b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

 c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

 d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

 e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973

f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans

Provide for species protection and economic growth

g. 1988 – recovery plans and 5 yr monitoring


Species depletion

1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

 b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

 c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

 d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

 e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973

f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans

g. 1988 – Recovery plans

h. 20?? - Reauthorization of ESA


Species depletion

2. International conservation

 a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

 (1) 169 member countries

 (2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted


Species depletion

2. International conservation

a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

(1) 169 member countries

(2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted

 II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct


Species depletion

2. International conservation

a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

(1) 169 member countries

(2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted

 II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct

III- Countries list native species protected within their own borders


Species depletion

2. International conservation

a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

(1) 169 member countries

(2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted

 II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct

III- Countries list native species protected within their own borders

b. Over 30,000 species affected


Species depletion

3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook


Species depletion

3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity


Species depletion

3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity


Species depletion

3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity

d. Problems with captive breeding

Surplus animals

Behavior

Genetics - inbreeding


Species depletion

3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity

d. Problems with captive breeding

Surplus animals

Behavior

Genetics – inbreeding

e. Examples


Species depletion

Black-footed ferrets


Species depletion

California Condors in U.S.


Species depletion2

SpeciesDepletion

Ultimate solution …. Habitat preservation and management in combination with international efforts to ensure that there are wild things left to occupy that habitat…..


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