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Species Depletion. Species Depletion. Causes a. Habitat loss and degradation b. Exotic species c. Overexploitation. 1.   Legislation a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act   b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act   c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

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Presentation Transcript
species depletion1
SpeciesDepletion

Causes

a. Habitat loss and degradation

b. Exotic species

c. Overexploitation

slide3
1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

  b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

  d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

  (1) Goals

- Self-sustaining wild population

- Maintain species integrity

slide4
1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

  b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

(1) Goals

(2) Listing criteria

(3) Protect critical habitat

(4) Develop recovery plans

slide5
1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

  b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

  d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

e. 1978 – Amendment to ESA of 1973

Enable exemptions (consultations) to ESA

slide6
1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

  b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

  d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

  e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973

f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans

Provide for species protection and economic growth

slide7
1.   Legislation

b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

  d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

  e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973

f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans

Provide for species protection and economic growth

g. 1988 – recovery plans and 5 yr monitoring

slide8
1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

  b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

  d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

  e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973

f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans

g. 1988 – Recovery plans

h. 20?? - Reauthorization of ESA

slide9
2. International conservation

  a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

  (1) 169 member countries

  (2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted

slide10
2. International conservation

a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

(1) 169 member countries

(2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted

  II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct

slide11
2. International conservation

a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

(1) 169 member countries

(2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted

  II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct

III- Countries list native species protected within their own borders

slide12
2. International conservation

a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

(1) 169 member countries

(2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted

  II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct

III- Countries list native species protected within their own borders

b. Over 30,000 species affected

slide13
3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

slide16
3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity

slide17
3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity

slide18
3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity

d. Problems with captive breeding

Surplus animals

Behavior

Genetics - inbreeding

slide19
3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity

d. Problems with captive breeding

Surplus animals

Behavior

Genetics – inbreeding

e. Examples

species depletion2
SpeciesDepletion

Ultimate solution …. Habitat preservation and management in combination with international efforts to ensure that there are wild things left to occupy that habitat…..

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