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Species Depletion. Species Depletion. Causes a. Habitat loss and degradation b. Exotic species c. Overexploitation. 1.   Legislation a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act   b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act   c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

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Species depletion1
SpeciesDepletion

Causes

a. Habitat loss and degradation

b. Exotic species

c. Overexploitation


1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

  b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

  d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

  (1) Goals

- Self-sustaining wild population

- Maintain species integrity


1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

  b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

(1) Goals

(2) Listing criteria

(3) Protect critical habitat

(4) Develop recovery plans


1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

  b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

  d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

e. 1978 – Amendment to ESA of 1973

Enable exemptions (consultations) to ESA


1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

  b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

  d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

  e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973

f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans

Provide for species protection and economic growth


1.   Legislation

b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

  d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

  e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973

f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans

Provide for species protection and economic growth

g. 1988 – recovery plans and 5 yr monitoring


1.   Legislation

a.  1966 - Endangered Species Preservation Act

  b.  1969 - Endangered Species Conservation Act

  c.  1972 - Marine Mammal Protection Act

  d.  1973 - Endangered Species Act of 1973

  e. 1978 - Amendment to ESA of 1973

f. 1982 - Habitat Conservation Plans

g. 1988 – Recovery plans

h. 20?? - Reauthorization of ESA


2. International conservation

  a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

  (1) 169 member countries

  (2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted


2. International conservation

a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

(1) 169 member countries

(2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted

  II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct


2. International conservation

a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

(1) 169 member countries

(2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted

  II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct

III- Countries list native species protected within their own borders


2. International conservation

a. Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES)

(1) 169 member countries

(2) Appendices

I - No commercial trade permitted

  II- Regulated trade of species not likely to become extinct

III- Countries list native species protected within their own borders

b. Over 30,000 species affected


3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook


3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity


3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity


3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International Species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity

d. Problems with captive breeding

Surplus animals

Behavior

Genetics - inbreeding


3. Captive Propagation

a. Most captive propagation is affiliated with zoos

b.  International species Information System (ISIS) maintains a register on zoo specimens = Studbook

c.  Technology used to boost production of animals in captivity

d. Problems with captive breeding

Surplus animals

Behavior

Genetics – inbreeding

e. Examples




Species depletion2
SpeciesDepletion

Ultimate solution …. Habitat preservation and management in combination with international efforts to ensure that there are wild things left to occupy that habitat…..


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