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Primary and Secondary Resources Characteristics and Examples Primary Get as close to the original event as possible Books from the period, memoirs, letters, diaries Opinion polls, audiotapes Primary Sources on the Web Secondary Interprets or analyzes a historical event or phenomena

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Primary and Secondary Resources

Characteristics

and Examples


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Primary

Get as close to the original event as possible

Books from the period, memoirs, letters, diaries

Opinion polls, audiotapes

Primary Sources on the Web

Secondary

Interprets or analyzes a historical event or phenomena

Primary and Secondary Sources - Nonsciencehttp://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/PrimarySources.html Accessed 10/16/05


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Definition –

Reports of research, original theoretical writings, letters

Examples –

Journal articles – reports of an experiment by the scientist(s)

Dissertations (Ph.D. research)

Reports of government agencies

Characteristics

Formal writing

Author generally has academic credentials

Extensive bibliography (which you might look up and use)

Used to back up the main points in your work

Primary Science Resources

http://academic.bowdoin.edu/courses/f04/es215/dissemination/FindingCitingPrimaryLit2004.pdf


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Highwire Press

American Chemical Society Publications

Directory of Open Access Journal

A Physics and Astronomy Example

http://highwire.stanford.edu/lists/freeart.dtl

http://pubs.acs.org/

http://www.doaj.org/

http://contactincontext.org/cic/v1i1/qhistograms.pdf

Science Journals On-line


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Definition

Writing about science but not by the scientist who did the experiment

Example

Most web sites

Popular magazines

Interviews

Encyclopedia articles

Textbooks

Characteristics

Describes scientific concepts (acids, force, cells)

Used to provide background and clarify ideas

Explains the work of scientists or interviews scientists

Secondary Sources for Science

http://academic.bowdoin.edu/courses/f04/es215/dissemination/FindingCitingPrimaryLit2004.pdf


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Science News

National Geographic

Scientific American

American Scientist

ChemMatters

Time, Newsweek, US News and World Report

Times-Union, New York Times

Secondary

Often Primary

Often Primary

Often Primary

Secondary

Secondary

Secondary

Recommended Periodicals for Science


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Recommended

University sites – address ends in edu

Government sites – address ends in gov

On-line journals

On-line periodicals

Example “insulation”

Secondary source

Primary Source

Not recommended

Commercial sites

Advertisements

Sites that just have the links and search results – these are not references

Non-tech/sci encyclopedia

Example “insulation”

Just an ad

On-line encyclopedia

Web-based Resources:


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Taking Notes in the Library

  • Write a complete bibliography at the top of each set of notes you take

  • Take all notes in Main Idea/Detail format in two columns.

  • These must be in your Science Project Composition Book.

  • Write a “Learning Log” entry at the end of each period (class) in the library.


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Main Idea

Problem

Unsupported hypotheses

Three basic features signaling

Hypothesis

Supporting Detail

Why do lion’s have manes?

Defence, signal quality

Practice with Sources – Write in your regular composition bookPrimary Source:West, Peyton M. (2005). The Lion’s Mane. American Scientist,93(3),226-235.


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Main Idea

Three theories

Three astronomical tests for relativity

Supporting Detail

Practice with Sources and Notes– Write in your regular composition bookSecondary Source:Fernie, J. Donald. (2005). The Lion’s Mane. American Scientist,93(5),404-407.


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Learning Log entry – sentence completion style

Primary science sources are characterized by __________________. An example is ____________________.

Secondary science source are different from primary sources because _______

_______________________________.

The notes on _____________________ were an example of a ________ source because ___________________________________.


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