Improvements to GFDN Planned for  Operational Implementation in 2008
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Improvements to GFDN Planned for Operational Implementation in 2008 Morris Bender, Timothy Marchok ( GFDL ) Isaac Ginis, Biju Thomas, Richard Yablonsky ( URI ) Carey Dickerman and Roger Stocker ( FNMOC ).

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Improvements to GFDN Planned for Operational Implementation in 2008

Morris Bender, Timothy Marchok (GFDL)

Isaac Ginis, Biju Thomas, Richard Yablonsky (URI)

Carey Dickerman and Roger Stocker (FNMOC)


LAST MAJOR GFDN UPGRADE WAS IN 2003 !!! in 2008THIS HAS RESULTED IN STEADY DECREASE IN MODEL RELIABILITY COMPARED TO THE WEATHER SERVICE’S VERSION OF THE GFDL MODEL

4 YEAR AVERAGE INTENSITY SKILL

4 YEAR AVERAGE TRACK SKILL

GFDN

GFDN

GFDL

GFDL


Summary of 2008 gfdn model upgrades
SUMMARY OF 2008 GFDN MODEL UPGRADES in 2008

  • GFDN model Physics and Resolution will be consistent with NCEP’s GFDL Model

  • Addition of Third Mesh (Doubling of the Innermost Resolution to 1/12 degree)

  • Upgrade with NCEP’s Ferrier Micro-physics

  • (Replaces simplified large-scale condensation)

  • Dissipative Heating Effect Added

  • Improved Surface Momentum Fluxes Derived from Wave Model


Current gfdl coupled to princeton ocean model pom since 2001 current gfdn model is still uncoupled
CURRENT GFDL COUPLED TO PRINCETON OCEAN MODEL (POM) SINCE 2001CURRENT GFDN MODEL IS STILL UNCOUPLED !!

  • NEW GFDN MODEL WILL BE COUPLED TO AN OCEAN MODEL IN ALL WORLD BASINS

  • Coupled to 3d version of POM model in Atlantic

  • (Identical to current version operational in GFDL)

  • Coupled to 1d Version of POM in all Other Ocean Basins (e.g.,Epac, Wpac, Indian Ocean, South Pacific)

  • (Current GFDL coupled to 1d version of POM in Eastern and Central Pacific)

  • Improved Loop Current Initialization in the Atlantic

  • (Will also be made operational in GFDL and HWRF in 2008)

  • Ocean to be initialized by the Navy Coupled Ocean Data Assimilation (NCODA) model on a daily basis.


Improved detail with high resolution ncoda ocean data set
Improved Detail with High Resolution NCODA Ocean Data Set 2001

NOGAPS SSTs

NCODA SSTs

NCODA DATA

CLIMATOLOGY

Temperatures at 75 m

Temperatures at 75 m


Improved track and intensity skill at all time levels for selected wpac cases 2005 2007
IMPROVED TRACK AND INTENSITY SKILL AT ALL TIME LEVELS FOR SELECTED WPAC CASES (2005-2007)

AVERAGE INTENSITY SKILL

AVERAGE TRACK SKILL


Removal of severe west bias in tropical storm wukong august 2006
Removal of Severe West Bias in Tropical Storm Wukong (August 2006)

1 OLD GFDN

2 NEW GFDN

1 OLD GFDN

2 NEW GFDN


Modest improvement for typhoon cimaron october 2006
Modest Improvement for Typhoon Cimaron (October 2006) 2006)

1 OLD GFDN

2 NEW GFDN

1 OLD GFDN

2 NEW GFDN


Mixed result for typhoon nesat june 2005
Mixed Result for Typhoon NESAT 2006)(June 2005)

1 OLD GFDN

2 NEW GFDN

1 OLD GFDN

2 NEW GFDN


IMPROVED INITIALIZATION 2006)OFLOOP CURRENT & OCEAN EDDIES

HURRICANE KATRINA (INITIAL TIME: 1200 UTC 26 AUGUST

INITIAL TEMPERATURES AT THE 75 METER DEPTH

72H FORECASTED SSTs


IMPROVED INTENSITY PREDICTION FOR KATRINA WITH BETTER INITIALIZATION OF LOOP CURRENT AND OCEAN EDDIES

CENTRAL PRESSURE (hPa)

MAXIMUM SURFACE WINDS (Knots)

1 OPERATIONAL 2005 GFDL

2 CURRENT LOOP CURRENT

3 NEW LOOP CURRENT

1 OPERATIONAL 2005 GFDL

2 CURRENT LOOP CURRENT

3 NEW LOOP CURRENT

1200 UTC 26 AUGUST


IMPROVED PREDICTION OF HURRICANE DEAN (2007) INITIALIZATION OF LOOP CURRENT AND OCEAN EDDIES

WITH UPGRADED GFDN


Improved track skill for dean
IMPROVED TRACK SKILL FOR DEAN INITIALIZATION OF LOOP CURRENT AND OCEAN EDDIES

AVERAGE TRACK SKILL


NORTH BIAS ENTIRELY REMOVED INITIALIZATION OF LOOP CURRENT AND OCEAN EDDIES

1 GFDL

2 NEW GFDN

3 OLD GFDN

AUG. 16, 0Z

AUG. 16, 12Z


Consistent track prediction with new gfdn model for all of dean
CONSISTENT TRACK PREDICTION WITH NEW GFDN MODEL FOR ALL OF DEAN

COMPOSITE OF TRACKS FOR NEW GFDN


Predicted major hurricane status
PREDICTED MAJOR HURRICANE STATUS DEAN

1 GFDL

2 NEW GFDN

3 OLD GFDN

MAXIUM SURFACE WINDS (KNOTS)

CAT 3

AUG. 15, 18Z

AUG. 16, 0Z

CAT 4


SUMMARY DEAN

  • GFDN MODEL TO BE UPGRADED WITH PHYSICS AND RESOLUTION CONSISTENT WITH PRESENT VERSION OF NCEP’S GFDL MODEL

  • TEST RESULTS INDICATED SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVED RELIABILITY BOTH FOR TRACK AND INTENSITY PREDICTION WITH THE UPGRADED GFDN MODEL

  • IMPROVED PREDICTION INDICATED FOR HURRICANE DEAN (2007) AT ALL OF THE LEAD TIMES

  • GFDN, GFDL AND HWRF MODELS TO BE UPGRADED WITH IMPROVED INITIALIZATION OF THE LOOP CURRENT AND OCEAN EDDIES IN THE GULF OF MEXICO


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