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Military Values. Why the Military Does What it Does. Military values all have counterparts in the civilian world; the military differs more in degree than in kind from the civilian sphere. Some Military Values. Ceremony, Rank, and Hierarchy Uniformity Discipline and Obedience Group Cohesion

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why the military does what it does
Why the Military Does What it Does
  • Military values all have counterparts in the civilian world; the military differs more in degree than in kind from the civilian sphere.
some military values
Some Military Values
  • Ceremony, Rank, and Hierarchy
  • Uniformity
  • Discipline and Obedience
  • Group Cohesion
  • Rigorous Training
uniformity
Uniformity
  • Huge personnel turnover both in peace and in war
  • Uniformity assists in administration, allows inspectors to count on a high degree of uniformity from place to place.
discipline and obedience
Disciplineand Obedience
  • Nothing could be further from the truth than the concept of "mindless obedience”
  • Many people cannot defer their own gratification, even briefly, despite consequences. 
  • Discipline and the ability to obey are actually very high-order mental skills.
    • Automata make poor soldiers. 
    • Good soldiers have to be able to adapt, show initiative, and be highly autonomous
    • At the same time, soldiers have to be able to recognize and respond instantly to situations that require automatic obedience. 
group cohesion
GroupCohesion
  • Soldiers are more effective if they can count on support and aid from their comrades
  • Soldiers perform mostly because they don\'t want to let their comrades down
  • Peer pressure used in military training to reinforce weak links
  • Mistakes on the battlefield affect everyone
  • Uniforms and military ceremonies reinforce group cohesion by requiring soldiers to be publicly identified with the military.
  • Often there is an “us versus them” mentality between the military and civilians
example hair wars
Example: Hair Wars
  • Once insect-borne disease was recognized, elimination of lice became a military priority
  • Haircuts became mandatory
  • Soldiers returning from World War I were immediately recognizable
  • Soon short hair became the norm for men.
  • In the 1960\'s youth demonstrated their rebellion by growing long hair
  • The military insisted that soldiers identify publicly with the military by keeping hair short
training
Training
  • Military training is unpleasant; always has been, always will be.
  • The only way to teach soldiers to work long hours under unpleasant conditions is to make them work long hours under unpleasant conditions.
  • Wars are won by people who push the hardest
  • Modern military literature speaks openly about "stress inducement"
training9
Training
  • Rigorous training serves to identify people who simply cannot deal with the stress
    • Comparatively few people wash out in reality. 
    • For many, the military  is the only time in their lives they are ever pushed close to their limits. 
  • Rigorous training fosters group cohesion by creating a unique shared experience.
elite training
Elite Training
  • Elite training (Navy SEALS, etc.) has a different goal
  • Object is not to train a large mass of soldiers 
  • Object is to identify and train a small elite that can endure the utmost rigors and who will simply not allow themselves to be stopped by anything. 
  • Ultra-rigorous training creates group cohesion and a feeling of being members of an elite.
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