Journalism and new media
Download
1 / 38

JOURNALISM AND - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 334 Views
  • Updated On :

JOURNALISM AND NEW MEDIA Ari Heinonen University of Tampere ISSS/ INSO 7 September/October 2003 The Aim Contextualise: Give background for understanding what is happening in journalism and mass communication in the Age of New Media

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'JOURNALISM AND ' - albert


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Journalism and new media l.jpg

JOURNALISM AND NEW MEDIA

Ari Heinonen

University of Tampere

ISSS/ INSO 7

September/October 2003


The aim l.jpg
The Aim

  • Contextualise: Give background for understanding what is happening in journalism and mass communication in the Age of New Media

  • Analyse: Outline the relationship of new media and journalism

  • Focus: Highlight the issues of new media journalism for further examination


The topics l.jpg
The Topics

  • The basis: Journalism as a changing social phenomenon

  • Information Society and journalism

  • New media and changing journalism

  • Focus on journalistic mass communication


Part one the basis journalism as a changing social phenomenon l.jpg

Part OneThe basis: Journalism as a changing social phenomenon


Journalism as a changing social phenomenon l.jpg
Journalism as a changing social phenomenon

  • Historicality of the journalistic profession

    • emergence of journalism and journalistic profession was connected to specific developments in society

    • as society changes the characteristics of journalism evolve as well

    • social trends that can be condensed in the term Information Society/New Media, are shaping journalism


Journalism as a changing l.jpg
Journalism as a changing...

  • Invention of journalism

    • Carey: industrial revolution AND "revolution in communication and popular culture”>professional communicator

    • Chalaby: news became an instrument of competition> publicists  journalists

    • Schudson: newspaper reporting - a new information gathering profession> paid reporters, organised work processes


Journalism as a changing7 l.jpg
Journalism as a changing...

  • Evolving practices

    • working practices appear, develop, change

    • E.g.

      • reporting

      • interviewing

      • investigative reporting

    • detachment from society represented in the news

    • strive for the authority of the news


Journalism as a changing8 l.jpg
Journalism as a changing...

  • Detaching professional identity

    • Forming the identity

      • "professional" working practises

      • professional unions

      • positioning as an object of science

    • Reflecting the identity

      • professional ethics and self-regulation (inside)

      • studying journalistic practices (outside)

    • ”objectivity”, self-sustainablity, detachment


Journalism as a changing9 l.jpg
Journalism as a changing...

Reasonings of change 1


Journalism as a changing10 l.jpg
Journalism as a changing...

  • Reasonings of change 2

    • Socio-cultural: audience (the public), democracy

    • Business: ”business like any business” vs. political economy

    • Technological: outside agent vs. minor variable; two-way relatiosnhip

    • Professional-normative: personal attributes, professional routines, ethics, norms/values


Part two information society and journalism l.jpg

Part TwoInformation Society and journalism


Inf soc and journalism l.jpg
Inf. Soc. and journalism...

  • Signs of change:

    • Technological: "a new technological paradigm organized around information technologies” (Castells)

    • Economic: ”information/informational economy” (Webster/Castells)

    • Occupational: occupations emerge, disappear; nature of occupations change

    • Networking logic: network as a metaphor; new limits for time and space

    • Cultural: expansion of informational content of every day life


Inf soc and journalism13 l.jpg
Inf. Soc. and journalism...

  • Shaping the change

    • In the past:

      • Telegraph & railroad  new social processes

      • Changes in technology, economy, politics  professional journalism

    • Today:

      • Changes in the relationships of production, social class relations, power relations

      • Different society, different journalism?


Inf soc and journalism14 l.jpg
Inf. Soc. and journalism...

  • Implications for journalism

    • New emblem of society

      • sets the tone

    • ”Enforced” development

      • practical consequencies in media

    • Importance of technology

      • journalism from technological perspective


Part three new media and changing journalism l.jpg

Part ThreeNew media and changing journalism


New media and changing l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Topics

    • new media as technology discourse

    • concept of new media

    • characterising new media

      • technical basis

      • communication features


New media and changing17 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • New media as technology discourse

    • in talk about new media and journalism, technology gives the framework

    • talking about journalism as a function to technology

    • technological development has always been present in journalism

    • new media is not the only perspective to journalism


New media and changing18 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Vague concept

    • used quite carelessly

    • new? new is always relative

    • Marvin:“When old technologies were new”

    • Standage: ”The Victorian Internet”

    • new media set in the context of old media, but re-form media use and practices

    • Fidler: ”Mediamorphosis”

    • ”NEW MEDIA” – will do!


New media and changing19 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Defining new media I

    • Technical basis of new media

      • digitalisation

      • networking

      • computer mediation

    • Communication features of new media


New media and changing20 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Digitalisation

    • bits and bytes, ones and zeros

    • ”the development of digital language is likely to have a profound transformational effect on human society”(Fidler)

    • "We can see the formation of...an interactive, digital hypertext, combining everything from everywhere. All cultural expressions are articulated in this text, in which television programmes, cultural activities, video, music, radio, print, and artistic expressions interact. Because all this is organised in a digital language, it can be mixed recombined, recomposed and reorganised." (Castells)


Slide21 l.jpg

New media and changing...

ANALOGUE

PRODUCTION

moving image

audio

text

television

(movie)

DISTIRBUTION

radio

paper

radio-vastaanotin

television-set

news-paper

radio-set

RECEPTION


Slide22 l.jpg

New media and changing...

DIGITAL

PRODUCTION

moving image

audio

text

d i g i t a l i s a t i o n

DISTIRBUTION

(The Net)

newsp.

radio

wap

television

RECEPTION

digi-tv

integrated receiver (”computer”)


New media and changing23 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Networking

    • digitised contents can be transferred via information networks

  • Computer mediation

    • information processing

    • communication

    • ” the tool of expression ” (Castells)


New media and changing24 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Defining new media II

    • Technical basis of new media

    • Communication features of new media

      • multimedia

      • hypertext

      • personalisation

      • multiple channel publishing

      • location sensitivity / mobility

      • widened time-frame

      • interactivity

      • globality


New media and changing25 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Multimedia

    • text, audio, moving image, graphics  bits

    • contents can be manipulated

    • final product an entity with different content elements

      http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2002/graficos/salud/archivo.html


New media and changing26 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Hypertext

    • ”nonlinear documents in which text nodes are linked to other relevant pieces of text, forming a textual network"(Strate)

    • depth, context, details in story-telling

      http://education.guardian.co.uk/higher/news/story/0,9830,880412,00.html


New media and changing27 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Personalisation

    • traditional mass media: duplicatedproducts

    • new media: unique relationship to the content

    • production of news contents still bulk-work

       http://my.yahoo.com/


New media and changing28 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Multiple channel publishing

    • increasing variety of receivers requires that contents are produced so that they actually can be distributed and received using several publishing platforms

    • problems: different content types have different requirements

       IMU2 project


New media and changing33 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Location sensitivity / mobility

    • two-way, multimedia communication settings even while on the move

    • contents that are location sensitive

    • http://compcult.media.mit.edu/afghan_x/

    • http://www.beyond2000.com/news/Mar_02/story_1344.html



New media and changing35 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Widened time-frame

    • traditional media: instantenous, throw-away

    • online archives, search agents

    • IHT > Search http://www.iht.com


New media and changing36 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Interactivity

    • information networks: two-way channels

    • less clear who is sender, who is receiver

    • challenges detached identity of journalism

       http://www.bbc.co.uk/communicate/


New media and changing38 l.jpg
New media and changing...

  • Globality

    • global information networks

    • world-wide audiences

    • BUT: cultural barriers

    • many-to-many global communication

       http://www.indymedia.org/publish.php3


ad