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Intro to Animals - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Animal Science Chapter #1 What is Animal Science? Care, management and production of domestic animals Animals used for food, clothing, weapons & tools What was the first domesticated animal? Dog for tracking, then herding Domestication

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Animal Science

Chapter #1


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What is Animal Science?

  • Care, management and production of domestic animals

  • Animals used for food, clothing, weapons & tools

  • What was the first domesticated animal?

    Dog for tracking, then herding


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Domestication

  • After animals become domesticated, they become dependent on man

  • Most can’t survive in wild

  • Most poultry can’t fly

  • Sheep don’t shed wool

  • Cows produce 20,000 lbs milk / year

  • Birds produce 250 eggs / yr. (20 in wild)


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Animal Use as Food

  • Meat - (muscle tissue) Beef, Pork, Lamb, Goat, Poultry

  • Milk - inexpensive source of protein

    • cheese, ice cream, yogurt

  • Eggs - pastries, mayonnaise, custards


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Animal By-Products

  • Bones - buttons, glue, mineral supplement for livestock feed (Calcium)

  • Fat - chemicals, salves, creams, dressings, lubricants, soaps, food

  • Glands - medicines, food additives

  • Collagen - (connective tissue in joints) glue & gelatin

  • Intestinal & Stomach tissue - lunch meats, surgical sutures, strings for musical & sports instruments (contents = fertilizer)


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Animal Use as Work

  • Cultivate land

  • Transportation

  • Control other animals

  • Assist physically & medically handicapped

    • Blind

    • Epileptic & Diabetic


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Other Animal Use

  • Hides - leather

  • Hair - wool, mohair, fiber

  • Lab Animals - mice, rats, guinea pigs etc.

  • Pets


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What is the future of Animal Science?

  • Embryo Transplant - can produce 20 calves from one cow per year

  • Cloning - using an animal cell to grow an identical duplicate animal

  • ??????


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