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History of Architecture 47 Week 01. Textbook. Textbook. Textbook. What is ‘modernism’?. Most of us will agree that a modernist work is perceived as ‘difficult’ , and that this difficulty is related to its newness and difference from what we have seen before.

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What is modernism l.jpg
What is ‘modernism’?

Most of us will agree that a modernist work is perceived as ‘difficult’ , and that this difficulty is related to its newness and difference from what we have seen before.

D.H. Lawrence “… to read a really new novel will always hurt, to some extent. There will always be resistance. The same with new pictures, new music (new architecture – emphasis added). You may judge of their reality by the fact that they do arouse a certain resistance.”

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The word MODERNISM dates to 1737 in the sense of "deviation from the ancient and classical manner" [Johnson, who calls it "a word invented by Swift"].


Week 2 architecture for revolution neoclassical developments l.jpg
Week 2 – Architecture for RevolutionNeoclassical Developments

Piranesi

Boullee

Ledoux

Lequeu

English vs French Approach to Neoclassicism

Theory of Types in Architecture

Schinkel


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Week 3 – Structural Engineering and Rationalism

Iron Industry Developments

Evolution of Bridge Engineering in Iron

Relationship to Railroad Development

Crystal Palace – Paxton

Thomas Telford

Brooklyn Bridge – John Roebling

Split between Architecture and Engineering Widens

Philosophical Underpinning of Rationalism

Eiffel Tower

The Cement Age - Hennebique

Viollet-le-Duc

Frank Lloyd Wright early use of Concrete


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Week 4 – An American Architecture: Thomas Jefferson;Victorianism; H.H. Richardson

Jefferson’s Classicism

University of Virginia Campus Design

Virginia Statehouse

Development of Washington D.C.

Benjamin Latrobe

The Roman Idiom: Instrument of Progress

The Industrial Revolution and Victorianism

H.H. Richardson


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Week 4 - Victorianism and the Triumph of the Superficial;H.H. Richardson

Period of reign of Queen Victoria 1837 – 1901

Height of INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION in Britain and apex of British Empire.

Gothic Revival Movement in Architecture

Mechanization Takes Command Sigfried Giedion

Growth of Railways

Steam Press = Mass Market for Pulp Fiction

Cinema

H.H. Richardson


Week 5 arts and crafts movement guimard horta gaudi futurism adolf loos l.jpg
Week 5 – Arts and Crafts Movement; Guimard, Horta, Gaudi; Futurism; Adolf Loos

William Morris

Ruskin

English Free Architecture Movement

Voysey

Futurism

Sant ‘Elia

Marinetti

Adolf Loos “Ornament is Crime”


Week 6 mackintosh the glasgow school adler and sullivan chicago school frank lloyd wright l.jpg
Week 6 – Mackintosh , the Glasgow School;Adler and Sullivan / Chicago SchoolFrank Lloyd Wright

Charles Rennie Mackintosh

The Glasgow School

Adler

Sullivan

Frank Lloyd Wright’s Early Work


Week 7 german developments van de velde garnier perret l.jpg
Week 7 – German Developments; Van de Velde;Garnier; Perret;

Olbrich

Hoffmann

Wagner

Sant’Elia

Van de Velde

Tony Garnier and the Cite Industrielle

Auguste Perret


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Week 8 – Werkbund and German Expressionism

Werkbund

Peter Behrens and AEG

Philosophical Underpinnings of Expressionism

Bruno Taut

Architecture of the Spirit


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Week 09 – Bauhaus

Walter Gropius

Relationship to Cubism

Peter Behrens (?)‏

Bauhaus Industrial Design

Bauhaus Costume Design


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Week 10 – Gropius and Bauhaus;The New Objectivity

Philosophical Underpinnings of Objectivism


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Week 11 – De Stijl. Le Corbusier

Piet Mondrian

Gerrit Rietveld

Neo-Plasticism

Le Corbusier

Esprit Nouveau (New Spirit)‏

Regulating Lines

Golden Section

Machine Aesthetic of Purism

Grounded in Neo-Platonic Philosophy

Maison Domino

Villa Stein at Garche

‘Five Points’

Villa Savoye


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