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Emergence Is AI intelligent like us? Or are we only as intelligent as AI? What the… ? Artificial Intelligence can exhibit emergence Human intelligence displays emergent characteristics Emergence regarding AI and human intelligence: two way street Umm… Mike… What’s emergence?

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Emergence l.jpg

Emergence

Is AI intelligent like us?

Or are we only as intelligent as AI?


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What the… ?

  • Artificial Intelligence can exhibit emergence

  • Human intelligence displays emergent characteristics

  • Emergence regarding AI and human intelligence: two way street


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Umm… Mike…

What’s emergence?


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Webster.com says…

  • Emergence: the act or an instance of emerging

    • Thanks a lot Webster.

  • Emerging/Emerge:

    • to become manifest

    • to rise from an obscure or inferior position or condition

    • to come into being through evolution


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Operational Definition

  • The appearance of that which is greater than the sum of its parts.

  • E.G. – Human Intelligence from artificial intelligence

    • Artificial intelligence: set in algorithms

    • Human Intelligence: capable of transcending algorithms


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Algorithm

  • A step-by-step procedure for solving a problem or accomplishing some end, especially by a computer

  • For our purposes: structured procedure taken by a thought process


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Algorithm

  • Human intelligence and artificial intelligence can work similarly in algorithms

  • Human intelligence transcends algorithms

  • AI does not necessarily transcend its given structure


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Two Way Street

  • Emergence from AI could say one of the following:

    • 1. Artificial intelligence has attained a uniquely human attribute.

    • 2. Human intelligence is possibly nothing more than extended artificial intelligence.

    • 3. Emergence is intrinsic to both forms of intelligence.


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What that means

  • Two distinct areas of intelligence: “within” and “capable of beyond” algorithms

  • For AI to become HI, need emergence to break free from algorithm


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Emergence Test

  • Design

  • Observation

Capcarrère, M., Ronald, E. & Sipper, M. (1999). Design, observation, surprise! A test of emergence. Artificial Life, 5(3), 225-239.




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http://www.pandorabots.com/pandora/talk?botid=f5d922d97e345aa1http://www.pandorabots.com/pandora/talk?botid=f5d922d97e345aa1


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Conclusionshttp://www.pandorabots.com/pandora/talk?botid=f5d922d97e345aa1

  • AI and HI are different: algorithms!

  • Emergence bridges AI and HI

  • Emergence implies one of the following:

    • AI has gained a uniquely human attribute

    • HI is simply an extended AI attribute

    • Emergence is intrinsic to both AI and HI


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Referenceshttp://www.pandorabots.com/pandora/talk?botid=f5d922d97e345aa1

  • Capcarrère, M., Ronald, E. & Sipper, M. (1999). Design, observation, surprise! A test of emergence. Artificial Life, 5(3), 225-239.

  • Collins, H.M. (1993). The structure of knowledge. Social Research, 60(1), 95-116.

  • http://www.webster.com

  • http://www.webalice.it/anna.nardella/ant.html

  • Rapaport, W.J. (1998). How minds can be computational systems. Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 10(4), 403-419.

  • Spivey, M.J. (2000). Turning the tables on the Turing test: the Spivey test. Connection Science, 12(1), 91-94.

  • Stewart, I. (1994). The ultimate in anty-particles. Scientific American, 271, 104-107.


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