Car Occupant Injuries Caused By Loading From Luggage
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Car Occupant Injuries Caused By Loading From Luggage Informal document No. GRSP-36-16 (36 th GRSP, 7-10 December 2004, Agenda item B.1.3.) CCIS(UK) & GIDAS(D) Accident Data on Car Occupant Injuries Caused by Loading from Luggage Eberhard Faerber/BASt/D, Raimondo Sferco/Ford/D

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Car Occupant Injuries Caused By Loading From Luggage

Informal document No. GRSP-36-16

(36th GRSP, 7-10 December 2004,

Agenda item B.1.3.)

CCIS(UK) & GIDAS(D) Accident Data on

Car Occupant Injuries Caused by

Loading from Luggage

Eberhard Faerber/BASt/D, Raimondo Sferco/Ford/D

35th GRSP, May 03 - 07, 2004

Eberhard Faerber, BASt, Germany

35th GRSP, May 03 - 07, 2004

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Car Occupant Injuries Caused By Loading From Luggage

Data Evaluation of BASt/Hannover In Depth Accident Study

Presented to GRSP December 1994

  • Time period: 1985 - 1992

    • Accidents representative for Germany

    • All accidents were reconstructed

  • 5335 passenger cars

  • In 17 cars (0.3%) occupants were injured by unattached objects or luggage

    • 14 MAIS 1, 1 MAIS 2 (from hot bitumen), 1 MAIS 4 (from 4 wintertyres), 1 Mais 6 (catastrophic accident, AIS 3 pelvis fractures were caused by tool box)

  • In 6 cars luggage had moved from luggage compartment to passenger compartment in all these cars there was no partition between boot and passenger compartment

  • 5 cars of these had a frontal impact,1 car of these had a rear impact

  • In the rear impact the head injuries were caused by contacts to chairs transported in the passenger compartment

  • In 9 cars (4 side-, 3 frontal- and 2 rollover collisions) the occupants were injured by objects transported in the passenger compartment

  • In 2 cars the occupants were injured by objects transported on the rear window shelf (in one car various objects, in the other car loudspeakers)

Eberhard Faerber, BASt, Germany

35th GRSP, May 03 - 07, 2004

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Car Occupant Injuries Caused By Loading From Luggage

New In Depth Accident Data Evaluation to GRSP 2004

  • GIDAS - German In Depth Accident Sampling System

  • data statistically representative for Germany

  • alarm of police and research team simultaneously

  • after completion of data collection, research team approaches to the next reported accident

  • CCIS - Loughborough Univ./UK

  • tow away accidents

  • data collection partially retrospective

Eberhard Faerber, BASt, Germany

35th GRSP, May 03 - 07, 2004

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Car Occupant Injuries Caused By Loading From Luggage

GIDAS Data, 1996-2001

Front seat occupants, frontal crashes, passenger cars

Eberhard Faerber, BASt, Germany

35th GRSP, May 03 - 07, 2004

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Car Occupant Injuries Caused By Loading From Luggage

GIDAS Data, 1996-2001

Front seat occupants, frontal crashes, passenger cars

Partition of boot and passenger compartment

Eberhard Faerber, BASt, Germany

35th GRSP, May 03 - 07, 2004

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Car Occupant Injuries Caused By Loading From Luggage

Eberhard Faerber, BASt, Germany

35th GRSP, May 03 - 07, 2004

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Car Occupant Injuries Caused By Loading From Luggage

CCIS data 1995-2001

Front seat occupants, frontal crash the most severe

Distribution of maximum injury severity where seat back has not been loaded,

loaded by a rear occupant and loaded by luggage.

Remark:

The seat occupant injury rate for MAIS 3+ is highest when the seat back has been struck by luggage (25.7%)

compared to an 8.3% rate when the seat back has not been struck. This does not confirm that the luggage

was a direct cause of serious injury. However, the injury causation codes suggest that the reason for the

higher rates of moderate and serious injury are not due to the luggage.

Eberhard Faerber, BASt, Germany

35th GRSP, May 03 - 07, 2004

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Car Occupant Injuries Caused By Loading From Luggage

  • Summary:

  • German accident data (GIDAS) suggest that in frontal car impacts 0,54% of the car occupants are injured from luggage load

  • Great Britain accident data (CCIS) suggest that in frontal car impacts 1,97% of the car occupants are injured from luggage load

  • Conclusion:

  • German accident data collection method is intended to collect accident which are representative for Germany

  • Great Britain accident sampling system collects more severe accidents, so the representative figure might be lower.

Eberhard Faerber, BASt, Germany

35th GRSP, May 03 - 07, 2004

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