The passive voice
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 9

The PASSIVE VOICE PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 51 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The PASSIVE VOICE. The Passive Voice. The Passive is formed by TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE. Active: I keep the butter in the fridge. Passive: The butter is kept in the fridge. Active: They will steal the painting. Passive: The painting will be stolen .

Download Presentation

The PASSIVE VOICE

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The passive voice

The PASSIVE VOICE


The passive voice1

The Passive Voice

  • The Passive is formed by TO BE+ PAST PARTICIPLE.

    Active: I keep the butter in the fridge.

    Passive: The butter is kept in the fridge.

    Active: They will steal the painting.

    Passive: The painting will be stolen.

    Active: They are repairing the road.

    Passive: The road is being repaired.

    Active: Shakespeare wrote Hamlet.

    Passive: Hamlet was written by Shakespeare.

    Active: A dog bit him.

    Passive: He was bitten by a dog.


The passive voice2

ThePassiveVoice

  • Tomwrotea new book

CHANGES

A new book

was written

by Tom


The passive voice

ThePassiveVoice


The passive voice

ThePassiveVoice

  • In the following example:

    • The police rescued the boy

    • The boy was rescued by the police.

  • The object in the active sentence (the boy) is the subject in the passive sentence.

    • The police rescued the boy.

    • The boy was rescued by the police.


The passive voice

ThePassiveVoice

  • The verb in the first sentence “rescued” turns into "was rescued". According to the rule, in the second sentence we write the verb to be in the same tense as the active verb in the first sentence (in this case, the past tense). Then, we add the past participle of the participle of the verb in the active sentence.

    The police rescued the boy.

    The boy was rescued by the police.


The passive voice

ThePassiveVoice

  • The subject in the first sentence (the police) becomes the agent in the passive voice. We need to add the preposition by in front of the agent. The agent can be omitted when it is not relevant or can be deduced by the context.

    The police rescued the boy.

    The boy was rescued by the police.

    The postmant delivered a letter.

    The letter was delivered (by the postman).


The passive voice3

ThePassiveVoice

  • WRITE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES INTO PASSIVE VOICE

  • Janet writes lots of books.

  • Lots of books are written by Janet.

  • The man broke the windows yesterday.

  • The windows were broken by that man yesterday.

  • Jim and Annn will read the letters.

  • The letters will be read by Jim and Ann.


The passive voice

ThePassiveVoice

  • Theindirectobject can alsobecomethesubject in thepassivevoice:

    They gave me the Oscar in 1998.

    I was given the Oscar in 1998.

  • In thelastexample, we can omittheagent (bythem) becauseitdoesn’taddany new information.

  • In contrast, theagent(bytheAcademy) isnecessary:

    The Academy gave me the Oscar in 1998.

    I was given the Oscar in 1998 by the Academy


  • Login