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WESTERN CAPE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE Dialogue Session 7 POVERTY DIMENSIONS, CHARACTERISTICS AND INDICATORS PRESENTATION BY MS VL PETERSEN 21 JUNE 2005. DEVELOPMENTAL CHALLENGES Lack of Social Cohesion High Levels of unemployment, High Crime rate and gangsterism,

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WESTERN CAPE

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE

Dialogue Session 7

POVERTY DIMENSIONS, CHARACTERISTICS

AND INDICATORS

PRESENTATION BY MS VL PETERSEN

21 JUNE 2005


DEVELOPMENTAL CHALLENGES

  • Lack of Social Cohesion

  • High Levels of unemployment,

  • High Crime rate and gangsterism,

  • Early school leaving rate,

  • Disintegration of family units,

  • Arrest of children and child abuse cases ,

  • High levels of substance abuse, dependancy and

    trafficking


Poverty current situation
POVERTY: CURRENT SITUATION

  • INEQUALITY AND POVERTY INCREASING IN THE PROVINCE

  • 1.8 MILLION PEOPLE DEFINED AS POOR IN TERMS OF LACK OF FOOD, INCOME, SHELTER, ACCESS TO BASIC RESOURCES

  • APPROX. 700 000 INDIVIDUALS IN 382 000 HOUSEHOLDS IN PROVINCE RECEIVING SOCIAL SECURITY SUPPORT

  • WHAT PROCESSES EXIST TO ENABLE THE REMAINING 1.1 MILLION POOR TO IMPROVE THEIR LARGELY SURVIVIALIST SOURCE(S) OF INCOME (SECOND ECONOMY) – THIS IS THE TARGET GROUP


The poverty definition in the Western Cape is conceptualised within the following parameters or dimensions:

  • Security and Peace of mind

  • Gender Relations

  • Institutions

  • Social Relations

  • Capabilities

  • Vulnerability

  • Spatial

  • Physical

  • Income and Assets


Growth and development strategy
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY within the following parameters or dimensions:

  • 8 Pillars of iKapa Elihlumayo (Die Kaap wat Groei)

    • Building human capital

    • Social capital formation

    • Strategic infrastructure plan

    • Micro economic development strategy

    • Spatial development framework

    • Communication and marketing

    • Improving financial governance

    • Improved Inter-governmental co-ordination


Integrating the ikapa elihlumayo pillars means that
INTEGRATING THE IKAPA ELIHLUMAYO PILLARS MEANS THAT within the following parameters or dimensions:

  • Meds focus is on bee, entrepreneurship, smmes, job creation (assumption of higher level of skill) & focus on locations and their potential for growth (spatial targeting) led – second to first economy

  • Spatial Development plan focus is on social and spatial targeting - scoping & analysis exercise

  • Human Capital development focus is on education and skills development – social targeting

  • Social Capital focus is on building local social networks

  • Strategic Infrastructure investment – build assest capital

  • Local Government indigent policy/free basic services and scoping


Social capital concepts and definitions
SOCIAL CAPITAL CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS within the following parameters or dimensions:

  • institutions, relationships and norms that shape quality and quantity of society’s social interactions and enables collective action

  • based on trust and shared values that enables exchange of goods and services in a reciprocal relationship


Social capital concepts and definitions1
SOCIAL CAPITAL CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS within the following parameters or dimensions:

  • glue that holds society together

  • a larger base of networks enables better management of challenging situations

  • types:

    • Bonding:homogenous groups

    • Bridging:brings together people across social divides; based on common values, reciprocity and trust

    • Linking:vertical dimension; trust on larger scale


Interventions
INTERVENTIONS within the following parameters or dimensions:

  • Embedded in human rights approach

  • Deepens Democracy

  • Increased access to networks and resources that facilitate “scaling up”

  • Increased capacity of the poor to leverage resources, ideas and information with formal institutions


Interventions1
INTERVENTIONS within the following parameters or dimensions:

  • MOU’s with local government to effect cooperative and seamless government

  • Inclusion of intended beneficiaries in programme design, implementation and monitoring

  • Support to local economic development

  • Synergy with Ikapa Elihlumayo, HRDS, MEDS and SIDP

  • Inwent poverty reduction programme- groups of 35


Outcomes
OUTCOMES within the following parameters or dimensions:

  • Income, assets and livelihoods

    • Proportion of household whose income, asset and livelihoods have transform them from poor to well being self reliance; reduced dependence on social security

  • Education, human capacity and skills

    • Enrolment at ECD centres; reduced number of dropouts; Food security at schools; enrolment in tertiary institutions- gender breakdown; Number of young people with

      appropriate /work related skills


Outcomes continued
OUTCOMES within the following parameters or dimensions:(continued)

  • Basic municipal services

    • Number of families on indigent /Safety net programme; proportion of users paying for services-Civic responsibility;

  • Housing, land and infrastructure development

    • Quality of Human settlements; Number of households having access to land; ability to use land as leverage; Access to water for farming purposes and Mari culture


Outcomes continued1
OUTCOMES within the following parameters or dimensions:(continued)

  • Transport, roads infrastructure

    • Number of rural communities enjoying efficient public transport services; Safety on public transport in urban areas;

    • Condition of roads; number of rural communities where access to services has been improved by new or improved roads;


Outcomes continued2
OUTCOMES within the following parameters or dimensions:(continued)

  • Health and nutrition

    • Impact of nutrition programmes

    • Number of households whose nutrition and health has improved over time

  • Inclusion rights and social protection

    • Public awareness about rights and legislation; awareness of roles in service delivery; Living conditions


Outcomes continued3
OUTCOMES within the following parameters or dimensions:(continued)

  • Empowering vulnerable groups

    • Number of disabled on social security, employed and have access to services and necessary equipment; Number and improved living conditions of child headed households;Number of groups and communities mobilsed for self reliance-litsema/vukuzenzele


Outcomes continued4
OUTCOMES within the following parameters or dimensions:(continued)

  • Employment, opportunity and work

    • Number of young people absorbed in the work place; Number of women employed

  • Security and peace of mind

    • Drop in crime rate, drop of intake in places of safety and prison; Increase of youth doing civic responsibility, volunteerism; social capital strengthened, Community regeneration; Populous enjoying effective service delivery


THANK YOU within the following parameters or dimensions:

DANKIE

ENKOSI


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