Mapping papers developments achivements
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MAPPING PAPERS:DEVELOPMENTS & ACHIVEMENTS. TUC/PERC-FNV Project “CEE/NIS: Promoting rights of and representing workers engaged in informal labour relations” Prof. Krastyo Petkov [email protected] Point of departure. Sceptical attitude; Negativism toward IE; Lack of expertise;

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MAPPING PAPERS:DEVELOPMENTS & ACHIVEMENTS

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Mapping papers developments achivements

MAPPING PAPERS:DEVELOPMENTS & ACHIVEMENTS

TUC/PERC-FNV Project “CEE/NIS: Promoting rights of and representing workers engaged in informal labour relations”

Prof. Krastyo Petkov

[email protected]


Point of departure

Point of departure

  • Sceptical attitude;

  • Negativism toward IE;

  • Lack of expertise;

  • Poor research and statistics;

  • Lack of sub-regional exchange of knowledge about IE and TU involvement;


Second year results

Second year results

  • All national/revised mapping papers;

  • Sub-regional seminars/exchange of views;

  • Growing :

    -professionalism;

    -realism;

    -motivation/expert consolidation

  • Some old&new good practices;

  • Emerging national systems: Azerbaidzan;


Changing environment

Changing environment

  • More active social partners /but no real social dialog about IE/;

  • Raised public attention: especially to corruption, black labour market, illegal and transit migration etc.

  • EU new regulation initiatives;

  • Economic crisis; new pull&push factors for the IE in CEE;

  • IFI’s recent changes- see bellow…


Main analytical achievements

Main analytical achievements

  • Better understanding of roots and nature of the IE;

  • More objectivistic and concrete evaluation;

  • Some national/branch surveys or observations;

  • Broader comparative analysis;

  • Weak point: Unreliable information- IE statistics show different levels /20 and 60% for the same country/;


Common explanations

Common explanations

  • IE is not inherited-it emerged in the transition period;

  • The role of the neoliberal model: “Deregulation effect”;

  • Specific international/institutional decisions: UN sanctions /Serbia, Montenegro/;

  • Push factor: international economic migration;

  • National government’s involvement /Montenegro/;


Typical forms important for tu

Typical forms- important for TU

  • Avoiding tax and social benefit’s payment;

  • “Envelope wages”;

  • Seasonal work;

  • Immigrant remmitances economy;

  • Corruption-interlinked with IE;

  • Political corruption concerning EU financing;


Tu policies limits

TU policies/limits

  • Changing environment: informal work culture, accepted by labour and capital;

  • Governments in defend;

  • Aggressive employers;

  • Hard core of IE: from informalization to criminalization;

  • Boom of self-employed;

  • Growing WCO involvement;


Tu new strategies

TU-new strategies

  • Pragmatic/dualistic approach: good and bad side of IE; /USA trend:” workers without borders”/

  • Pressure on national governments /and EU/ for better regulations. Compliance culture;

  • Alliances with civil organizations;

  • Organizing and self-organizing: partnership approach / not necessarily membership/;

  • Informal LR: mainstream TU field;


Global factors crisis ifi s labour alliance

Global Factors: Crisis, IFI’s, Labour Alliance

  • Crises /G - 20 meetings/: NE is not the focus; claim for more and better jobs! But-some IE decrease- due to lack of credits;

  • WB recent turns: Doing Business rejection

    -Labour Alliance:

    -ITUC positions;

    -Global unions: Proposals to Stiglitz

  • ILO-decent work agenda and crisis;


New options new dangers for tu s

New options/new dangers for TU’s

  • Who pays the cost of crisis: flat taxis in the SEE / way back is difficult/;

  • Continuing social-transnational dumping / concession bargaining/;

  • Emigrant returnees; increased immigrant flows /pressure on national LM’s/;

  • Attention: new IMF “flexible” loans /need TU consulting role/;

  • Flexible regulation vrs. Deregulation;

  • Minimal wage and basic income approach to LM inclusion;


New times new challenges

New times-new challenges

  • IE paradox: the more we fight UW- the more it grows;

  • Shift from individual and enterprise based IE to LM segments and family organized informal activities;

  • New division in the IE sector:

  • -designers/organizers;

  • -mediators/performers;

  • -executives/losers: immigrants; minorities; women etc.


New times new ideas

New times-new ideas

  • Alternative classification to the WB Doing business: ILO country ranking of CLS implementation;

  • ILO-part of G-20;

  • E U I E “Knowledge Bank”, set up by Dublin Foundation;

  • Diverse polices: shift from penalties to preventive, curative, fostering measures;

  • “Workers without borders” initiative


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