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MAPPING PAPERS:DEVELOPMENTS & ACHIVEMENTS. TUC/PERC-FNV Project “CEE/NIS: Promoting rights of and representing workers engaged in informal labour relations” Prof. Krastyo Petkov [email protected] Point of departure. Sceptical attitude; Negativism toward IE; Lack of expertise;

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mapping papers developments achivements


TUC/PERC-FNV Project “CEE/NIS: Promoting rights of and representing workers engaged in informal labour relations”

Prof. Krastyo Petkov

[email protected]

point of departure
Point of departure
  • Sceptical attitude;
  • Negativism toward IE;
  • Lack of expertise;
  • Poor research and statistics;
  • Lack of sub-regional exchange of knowledge about IE and TU involvement;
second year results
Second year results
  • All national/revised mapping papers;
  • Sub-regional seminars/exchange of views;
  • Growing :



-motivation/expert consolidation

  • Some old&new good practices;
  • Emerging national systems: Azerbaidzan;
changing environment
Changing environment
  • More active social partners /but no real social dialog about IE/;
  • Raised public attention: especially to corruption, black labour market, illegal and transit migration etc.
  • EU new regulation initiatives;
  • Economic crisis; new pull&push factors for the IE in CEE;
  • IFI’s recent changes- see bellow…
main analytical achievements
Main analytical achievements
  • Better understanding of roots and nature of the IE;
  • More objectivistic and concrete evaluation;
  • Some national/branch surveys or observations;
  • Broader comparative analysis;
  • Weak point: Unreliable information- IE statistics show different levels /20 and 60% for the same country/;
common explanations
Common explanations
  • IE is not inherited-it emerged in the transition period;
  • The role of the neoliberal model: “Deregulation effect”;
  • Specific international/institutional decisions: UN sanctions /Serbia, Montenegro/;
  • Push factor: international economic migration;
  • National government’s involvement /Montenegro/;
typical forms important for tu
Typical forms- important for TU
  • Avoiding tax and social benefit’s payment;
  • “Envelope wages”;
  • Seasonal work;
  • Immigrant remmitances economy;
  • Corruption-interlinked with IE;
  • Political corruption concerning EU financing;
tu policies limits
TU policies/limits
  • Changing environment: informal work culture, accepted by labour and capital;
  • Governments in defend;
  • Aggressive employers;
  • Hard core of IE: from informalization to criminalization;
  • Boom of self-employed;
  • Growing WCO involvement;
tu new strategies
TU-new strategies
  • Pragmatic/dualistic approach: good and bad side of IE; /USA trend:” workers without borders”/
  • Pressure on national governments /and EU/ for better regulations. Compliance culture;
  • Alliances with civil organizations;
  • Organizing and self-organizing: partnership approach / not necessarily membership/;
  • Informal LR: mainstream TU field;
global factors crisis ifi s labour alliance
Global Factors: Crisis, IFI’s, Labour Alliance
  • Crises /G - 20 meetings/: NE is not the focus; claim for more and better jobs! But-some IE decrease- due to lack of credits;
  • WB recent turns: Doing Business rejection

-Labour Alliance:

-ITUC positions;

-Global unions: Proposals to Stiglitz

  • ILO-decent work agenda and crisis;
new options new dangers for tu s
New options/new dangers for TU’s
  • Who pays the cost of crisis: flat taxis in the SEE / way back is difficult/;
  • Continuing social-transnational dumping / concession bargaining/;
  • Emigrant returnees; increased immigrant flows /pressure on national LM’s/;
  • Attention: new IMF “flexible” loans /need TU consulting role/;
  • Flexible regulation vrs. Deregulation;
  • Minimal wage and basic income approach to LM inclusion;
new times new challenges
New times-new challenges
  • IE paradox: the more we fight UW- the more it grows;
  • Shift from individual and enterprise based IE to LM segments and family organized informal activities;
  • New division in the IE sector:
  • -designers/organizers;
  • -mediators/performers;
  • -executives/losers: immigrants; minorities; women etc.
new times new ideas
New times-new ideas
  • Alternative classification to the WB Doing business: ILO country ranking of CLS implementation;
  • ILO-part of G-20;
  • E U I E “Knowledge Bank”, set up by Dublin Foundation;
  • Diverse polices: shift from penalties to preventive, curative, fostering measures;
  • “Workers without borders” initiative