Chapter 5: The Phrase

Chapter 5: The Phrase PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Verbals. What is a verbal?. A verbal is a word that is formed from a verb but is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.. The Participle. What is a participle?. A participle is a verb form that can be used as an adjective. Two kinds of participles are present and past participles.. . Present participles end in

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Chapter 5: The Phrase

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1. Chapter 5: The Phrase Verbals and Verbal Phrases

2. Verbals What is a verbal? A verbal is a word that is formed from a verb but is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.

3. The Participle What is a participle? A participle is a verb form that can be used as an adjective. Two kinds of participles are present and past participles.

4. Present participles end in –ing. Mr. Sanchez rescued three people from the burning building. [Burning is the present participle of the verb burn. The participle modifies the noun building.]

5. Present participles end in –ing. Chasing the cat, the dog ran down the street. [Chasing is the present participle of the verb chase. The participle modifies the noun dog.]

6. Past participles usually end in –d or –ed. Some past participles are formed irregularly. Well trained, the soldier successfully carried out her mission. [The past participle trained modifies the noun soldier.]

7. Past participles usually end in –d or –ed. Some past participles are formed irregularly. We skated on the frozen pond. [The irregular past participle frozen modifies the noun pond.]

8. Be careful not to confuse participles used as adjectives with participles used as verb phrases. Remember that the participle in a verb phrase is part of the verb. Discouraged, the fans went home [adjective]. The fans were discouraged by the string of losses. [verb phrase]

9. Finding the Participle Thumbs up = a participle (Ask yourself is it a verb form that describes a noun.) Thumbs down = not a participle

10. Independent Practice: Write down each sentence and underline the participle. (Ask yourself which word is a verb form that describes a noun.) They need two signed copies of the contract. Have you found the lost remote yet? What is a “running foot” anyway? One excited little girl could hardly stand still.

11. Independent Practice: Write down each sentence and underline the participle. They need two signed copies of the contract. Have you found the lost remote yet? What is a “running foot” anyway? One excited little girl could hardly stand still.

12. Practice— Page 99, Exercise 7, #’s 1, 3, 5 Copy the sentences. Identify the participles used as adjectives in the following sentences. Then, circle the word [noun] that each participle modifies.

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