The Past Simple and Present Perfect
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The Past Simple and Present Perfect tenses. The differences between:. Simple Past. Past Events. DEFINITE TIME IN THE PAST. Specific time ( definite time). play. They _________soccer. played. YESTERDAY. REGULAR VERB. Play + ed. Specific time ( definite time). see. a movie.

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The Past Simple and Present Perfect tenses

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The past simple and present perfect tenses

The Past Simple and Present Perfect tenses

The differences between:


The past simple and present perfect tenses

Simple Past

  • Past Events

DEFINITE TIME IN THE PAST


The past simple and present perfect tenses

Specific time

(definite time)

play

They _________soccer

played

YESTERDAY

REGULAR

VERB.

Play+ ed


The past simple and present perfect tenses

Specific time

(definite time)

see

a movie

They ________a movie

saw

last Sunday.

IRREGULAR

VERB.

see

saw


The past simple and present perfect tenses

Negative

sentences

Specific time

(definite time)

go

Toschool

He to school

went

didn’t go

last week.

IRREGULAR

VERB.

didn’t + go


Present perfect for

Presentperfectfor

Actions - events

experiences

NO SPECIFIC TIME


The past simple and present perfect tenses

go

Specific time

(definite time)

past

participle

have

No Specific time

I _______________ to the beach twice.

have gone

I ______to the beach last January.

went


The past simple and present perfect tenses

see

Specific time

(definite time)

past

participle

have

No Specific time

I _____________ Spider Man several times.

have seen

I ______the movie Spider Man in 2009 and in 2011

saw


The past simple and present perfect tenses

hear

Specific time

(definite time)

past

participle

have

No Specific time

I _____________ Ahmed’s new song. twice.

have heard

I ________ Ahmed’s new song last Friday.

heard


The past simple and present perfect tenses

Present Perfect

I

You

We

they

He

She

It

Affirmative= have / has

Negative= haven’t / hasn’t

Pronoun

Aux. Verb

Principal Verb.

Complement.

English.

soccer with my friends

that movie twice.

to that concert.

studied

played

seen

gone

have

A

haven’t

studied

Cooked

worked

Japanese.

ceviche and cabrito.

late twice this weekend.

has

B

hasn’t

The verb changes in past participle.


The past simple and present perfect tenses

YES / NO QUESTIONS (Confirmation)

You havestudied English.

Yes, I have

No, I haven’t

Have

you

studied English?

auxiliary

studied

played

seen

gone

I

You

We

they

English?

soccer with my friends?

that movie twice?

to that concert?

have

He

She

It

studied

cooked

worked

Japanese?

ceviche and cabrito?

late twice this weekend?

has

The verb changes in past participle.


The past simple and present perfect tenses

We use the PRESENT PERFECT

for a period of time that continues

from the past until now

We use the PAST SIMPLE for

finished time in the past

For example

yesterday,last week,

from 1985 to 1991

For example

today, this week,since 1967

unfinished

finished

today

yesterday

past

now

past

now

Use past tense to ask WHEN...?

WHAT TIME .....?

time until now

past

now


Present perfect uses

Present Perfect uses:

  • Something that happened at some unspecified time in someone's life (or other period of time that continues up until the present)

  • I've been to Japan.

  • ( I went to Japan at some time in my life. We don't know when or how many times.)


Present perfect uses1

Present Perfect uses:

  • Something that started in the past and continues up until now

  • I've lived in Madrid for five years.

  • (I moved here five years ago and I still live here now)


Present perfect uses2

Present Perfect uses:

  • Something that happened in the past and has some result or relevance to the present.

  • I've spilt some tea.

  • (You recently spilt some tea. There's tea on the floor. It needs cleaning up)


Activies

Activies:

Put the verb in the present perfect or the past simple:

have bought

  • A:Look! I ………………………..(buy) a beautiful dress.

  • B: When ……. you ……….. it?

did buy

has lost

2.She can’t get into her house because she ……………………(lose) her keys.

moved

3. My brother …………………… ( move ) to Zagreb two years ago.

didn’t know

4. I …………………….. ( not know ) about that last night.

have visited

5. I love travelling and I ………………………….(visit) many countries.


The past simple and present perfect tenses

came

6. Be careful! His dad …………….( come ) out of prison a month ago.

Have been

7. ………… you ever ………….. ( be) to the USA ?

started

8. Tom ……………………. ( start ) school in 1999.

Did see

9. ……….. you ………………( see ) the film on TV last night?

haven’t seen

10.I ………………………( not see ) him today ,

but I …………( see )his brother yesterday.

saw

did come

11. What time ……… he …………….( come ) home last night?

Mum ……………..( be ) very upset.

was


Match a sentence on the left with an explanation on the right

Match a sentence on the left with an explanation on the right.

SENTENCE

EXPLANATION

  • They've bought a new flat.

  • We've had it for a year.

  • We bought it a year ago and we still have it.

  • They bought it recently. This is news.


Match a sentence on the left with an explanation on the right1

Match a sentence on the left with an explanation on the right.

SENTENCE

EXPLANATION

  • I went to Australia last summer.

  • I've been to Australia.

  • This happened at some time in my life

  • This happened at a specific time in the past.


Match a sentence on the left with an explanation on the right2

Match a sentence on the left with an explanation on the right.

SENTENCE

EXPLANATION

  • I've known him since I was at school.

  • I knew him when I was at school.

  • I met him when I was at school and we are still in touch.

  • This happened at some time in my life


Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your partner the questions

Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your partner the questions.

  • How long are you doing / did you do / have you done your present job?

  • How long did you do / have you done the job before that?

  • Did you have / have you had dinner yet?

  • Did you ever / have you ever played tennis when you were at school?


Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your partner the questions1

Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your partner the questions.

  • How many hours did you work / have you worked today?

  • How many countries have you visited / did you visit?

  • Where did you go / have you been the last time you went abroad?

  • How long have you stayed / did you stay there?

  • Tell me everything you have eaten / you ate today?

  • Did you do / have you doneany physical exercise recently?


Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your partner the questions2

Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your partner the questions.

  • How long are you doing / did you do / have you done your present job?

  • How long did you do / have you donethe job before that?

  • Did you have / have you had dinner yet?

  • Did you ever / have you everplayed truant when you were at school?

  • How many hours did you work /have you worked today?


Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your partner the questions3

Choose the correct verb forms and then ask your partner the questions.

  • How many countries have you visited / did you visit?

  • Where did you go / have you beenthe last time you went abroad?

  • How long have you stayed / did you stay there?

  • Tell me everything you have eaten / you atetoday?

  • Did you do /have you doneany physical exercise recently?


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