"Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own"-...
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"Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own"--Jonathan Swift . Reading Satire.

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"Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own"--Jonathan Swift

Reading Satire




Sarcasm satire
Sarcasm != Satire become art and a refinement of anger.

  • Sarcasm is bitter or cutting speech; speech intended by its speaker to give pain to the person addressed.

  • Satire, on the other hand, ridicules human folly or vice with the purpose of bringing about reform or of keeping others from falling into similar folly or vice.


Sarcasm
Sarcasm become art and a refinement of anger.

  • from Greek sarkasmos "a sneer, jest, taunt, mockery," from sarkazein "to speak bitterly, sneer," literally "to strip off the flesh”

  • The difference between satire and sarcasm is the difference between surgery and butchery. — Edward Nichols


Determining the satirist s attitude questions to ask
Determining the Satirist’s Attitude: Questions to Ask become art and a refinement of anger.

  • Is his attitude mild, sympathetic, unemotional? Is it characterized by banter, a lightness of critical comment?

  • Is the attitude a reflection of intellectual scorn, of a mental irritation with those who live with self-delusions at the expense of others?

  • Is the attitude one of intense anger, hatred, and bitterness toward the harm which man inflicts on his fellows and towards the gross failure of man’s institutions?

  • Is it a sardonic comment, characterized by derision and mockery?

  • Does he wish to jolt the reader out of complacency and indifference?

  • Is the satirist’s aim a psychological one? Is he making a study of the motivations, sometimes noble, sometimes ignoble, behind foolish and destructive behavior?


Two forms of satire
Two Forms of Satire become art and a refinement of anger.

Juvenalian – harsh

  • Tries to arouse moral indignation, anger

  • Writer is a serious moralist, a dedicated reformer

  • Attitude: Bitter, denunciatory, attacking vices of men

    Horatian – gentle

  • Tries to evoke a smile

  • Writer is urbane, sophisticated, man-of-the-world

  • Attitude: Amused at foibles of men


Tools of satire
Tools of Satire become art and a refinement of anger.

  • Irony

  • Overstatement

  • Understatement

  • Invective

  • Lampoon

  • Caricature

  • Mock epic


NFL Discontinues ‘Take Your Daughter to Work Day’ become art and a refinement of anger.


The onion headlines
The Onion become art and a refinement of anger. Headlines

  • Police: iPhone Left In Hot Car For Three Hours

  • Tony Womo Out Three To Four Weeks With BwokenWiddleFingey

  • Wealthy Teen Nearly Experiences Consequence

  • Internet Explorer Makes Desperate Overture To Become Default Browser

  • 'I Am Under 18' Button Clicked For First Time In History Of Internet


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