Other key physical geography terms
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Other Key Physical Geography Terms. Terms Associated With the Ocean. Archipelago Bay Cape Channel Currents. Gulf Fjord Harbor Sea Sound. ARCHIPELAGO: A group of, or chain of, islands. BAY: A body of water that extends into a shoreline, smaller than a gulf.

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Other Key Physical Geography Terms

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Other Key Physical Geography Terms


Terms Associated With the Ocean

  • Archipelago

  • Bay

  • Cape

  • Channel

  • Currents

  • Gulf

  • Fjord

  • Harbor

  • Sea

  • Sound


ARCHIPELAGO: A group of, or chain of, islands


BAY: A body of water that extends into a shoreline, smaller than a gulf


CAPE: A point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean


CHANNEL: A wide waterway between two landmasses


CURRENTS: Streams of cold or warm water that move through the ocean


GULF: A body of water that extends into a shoreline, bigger than a bay


FJORD: A long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between steep slopes of land


HARBOR: A sheltered place along a shoreline where ships can anchor

New York

Sydney


SEA: A large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land


SOUND: A large body of water between a coastline and a large island


Terms Associated With the Continents

  • Basin

  • Delta

  • Divide

  • Environment

  • Isthmus

  • Peninsula

  • Tributary

  • Volcano


BASIN: Area of land that water flows into, but not out of


DELTA: A triangular-shaped section of land near the mouth of a river


DIVIDE: Stretch of high land that separates river systems


ENVIRONMENT: The surroundings in which any living thing operates


ISTHMUS: Narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas


PENINSULA: Body of land jutting into water, and surrounded on three sides by water


TRIBUTARY: A small river or stream that flows into a larger one


VOLCANO: A mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside Earth


Vegetation Regions

Vegetation regions are natural environments that provide the stage for activities such as farming, raising livestock, and producing timber. They include:

1. Forests 3. Deserts

2. Grasslands4. Tundra


DECIDUOUS TREES

Lose their leaves yearly

CONIFEROUS TREES

Have cones and may also be called evergreens


GRASSLANDS are mostly flat regions, dotted with a few trees, and known by different names. In tropical areas they are called Savannas, and in temperate regions are called Steppes.


The World’s Major Grasslands


Plants that can conserve water and withstand heat dot the DESERT landscape.

Examples include cacti, shrubs, or sagebrush.


The World’s Major Deserts


Plants that hug the ground are best adapted to survive the cold, dry TUNDRA climate. Examples include mosses and lichen.


Earth’s Tundra Regions


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