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Cloud Computing in NASA Missions. Dan Whorton CTO, Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies June 25, 2010 All material in RED will be updated. Welcome to the NASA IT Summit. Who am I? Why are we here? Building innovation at NASA How do we get from here to there

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Cloud Computing in NASA Missions

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Cloud Computing in NASA Missions

Dan Whorton

CTO, Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies

June 25, 2010

All material in RED will be updated


Welcome to the NASA IT Summit

  • Who am I?

  • Why are we here?

  • Building innovation at NASA

  • How do we get from here to there

    Comments and questions are welcome!

    Let’s learn together

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—2—June 15, 2010


Stellar IT Supporting NASA Missions

NASA IT Mission

  • The mission of the NASA IT organization is to increase the productivity of scientists, engineers, and mission support personnel by responsively and efficiently delivering reliable, innovative and secure IT services.


NASA Mission

To improve life here,

To extend life to there,

To find life beyond.

NASA Vision

To understand and protect our home planet, To explore the Universe and search for life, and To inspire the next generation of explorers... as only NASA can.

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—4—March 5, 2010


What is NASA IT?

  • NASA IT Workforce

  • 3,700 IT FTE

  • 700 government employees, 3,000 contractors

  • Users

  • 18,000 Employees

  • 44,000 Contractors

  • Networks

  • 3 Wide Area Networks

  • Center-specific LANs

  • 200 connections to universities and partners

  • IT Spending

  • $1.8 B annually

  • Systems/Applications

  • 4,500 Applications

  • Devices and Data Centers

  • 80,000 Desktops/Laptops

  • 15,000 servers in 75 data centers

  • Websites

  • 8,000 websites

  • 2,000 public facing sites

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—5—June 15, 2010

4/2/2014 Linda Cureton presentation at AMES


What is a cloud ?

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—6—June 15, 2010


How NIST defines a cloud ( V15)

  • A cloud has these “essential properties”

    • On-Demand Self-Service

    • Broad Network Access

    • Resource Pooling

    • Rapid Elasticity

    • Measured Service

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—7—June 15, 2010


It is cool, but what does it do?

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—8—June 15, 2010


NIST – Cloud Service Models

  • Software as a Service

    • Applications running in the cloud available through a thin-client like a browser

  • Platform as a Service

    • User-created or acquired applications, user manages the application, but not the OS, Storage or other infrastructure

  • Infrastructure as a Service

    • User is able to provision processing, storage, networks, and other fundamental computing resources where the consumer is able to deploy and run arbitrary software

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—9—June 15, 2010


What cloud computing is not

  • Super Computer access on existing clusters

  • Grid Computing([email protected])

    • ( could evolve into a cloud service type ?)

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—10—March 5, 2010


Work in progress at NASA (that I know about)

  • Nebula

  • IaaS at GSFC

  • VM project in Engineering

  • EOS

  • GMSEC

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—11—June 15, 2010


Science Data Availability

  • Huge stores of the Earth Science data is being made available to the general public. I consider this is an early SaaS example.

Provided by USGS, and NASA through the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—12—March 5, 2010


Flight Mission Planning & Operations

  • PaaS VM Technologies are being tested and deployed in very controlled pilots. The security concerns have limited the adoption of User Provisioning.

    • GSFC ESMO – Mission planning and instrument command generation.

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—13—March 5, 2010


Science Data Processing

  • Prototype testing of migration of Earth Science Applications

    • ICESaT SIPS – SaaS for other mission data sets, because the application is designed to be easily configurable to accept format and algorithm changes

    • DESDynI – Looking for design requirements that will make smart use of cloud

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—14—March 5, 2010


GMSEC

  • Studies implementing existing GMSEC Architecture, tools and components in a private cloud environment are on-going

    • Planning a proof-of-concept DaaS from short duration mission

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—15—March 5, 2010


Early issues

  • Security – not well understood within the cloud environments

  • Software designed for Grid or large cluster is not optimized for cloud IaaS or PaaS

  • Size of data sets –

    • A new service model Data-Set as a Service (DaaS) may emerge

  • Test what you fly & Fly what you test

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—16—March 5, 2010


NASA Mission IT Areas considered

  • Computational Research

  • Earth/Space Science Research

  • System Engineering/Development

  • Flight Mission Planning & Operations

  • Education and Outreach

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—17—March 5, 2010


Computational Research

  • Predicted benefits

    • Reduced costs through better utilization

    • Improved access to data

    • Improved Security for all cloud users

  • Areas with probable high ROI from cloud

    • SaaS – transition current modeling and HPC applications into SaaS model

    • Security – management of security within cloud environment

      • Virtual Private Cloud for modeling and HPC applications

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—18—March 5, 2010


Earth/Space Science Research

  • Predicted benefits

    • Reduced costs through better utilization

    • Improved access to data

    • Standardization of system protocols and tools

  • Areas with probable high ROI from cloud

    • DaaS, - Shared data infrastructure for multiple missions

    • IaaS – Mission support servers

    • SaaS, GMSEC

    • PaaS – Development infrastructure in the cloud, SIPS, Ground System, Flight, Instrument

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—19—March 5, 2010


System Engineering/Development

  • Predicted benefits

    • Reduced costs

    • Improved security, CM, maintainability

    • Standardization data formats and protocols

  • Areas with probable high ROI from cloud

    • DaaS

    • IaaS, SaaS,

    • Integration and Test capabilities

    • Life Cycle Support

    • COOP/DR

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—20—March 5, 2010


Flight Mission Planning & Operations

  • Predicted benefits

    • Reduced costs

    • Improved security, CM, maintainability

    • Standardization data formats and protocols

  • Areas with probable high ROI from cloud

    • IaaS,

      • Mission Specific command generation systems, simulators, custom tools

    • SaaS

      • Standard Mission Service – Flight Dynamics, link scheduling

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—21—March 5, 2010


Education and Outreach

  • Predicted benefits

    • Improved service

    • Improved security

    • Taxpayer involvement in Science

  • Areas with probable high ROI from cloud

    • DaaS

    • SaaS

      • Offer public access to much more data, and tools

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—22—March 5, 2010


Moving Forward

  • For many Flight Mission Support activities, the security must be addressed

    • Private Cloud – FIPS -199 High is a possible solution

  • More discussion, research and prototyping needed

    • Timing seems right for a collaborative working group of NASA stakeholders

Cloud Computing in NASA Missions—23—March 5, 2010


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