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Chapter Seven, Lecture One. Myths of the Olympians. Male Deities. Reflect range of activities consistent with the roles Greek men played in their society. Poseidon, Lord of the Deep. Husband ( posis ) An Indo-european male fertility god This explains the tangle of his competencies

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Chapter seven lecture one

Chapter Seven, Lecture One

Myths of the Olympians


Male deities
Male Deities

  • Reflect range of activities consistent with the roles Greek men played in their society


Poseidon lord of the deep
Poseidon, Lord of the Deep

  • Husband (posis)

  • An Indo-european male fertility god

  • This explains the tangle of his competencies

    • original: springs, horses, earthquakes

    • acquired: sea

  • Married to “Amphitrite”

  • Father of Triton


Poseidon lord of the deep1
Poseidon, Lord of the Deep

  • The competition in Athens

    • He offers the Athenians salt water??

  • Lost also in Argos

  • Impregnated Medusa

  • Pegasus born when Medusa killed by Perseus


Hades king of the dead
Hades, King of the Dead

  • the invisible” (Helmet from the Cyclops)

  • “Pluto” (wealth)

  • Lord of the dead who inhabit the top layer of soil

  • Abduction and Marriage to Persephone (daughter of Demeter), discussed in Chapter 11


Apollo the far darter god of prophecy
Apollo, the Far-Darter, God of Prophecy

  • One of the most complex

  • His competencies are a tangle of different areas

  • His history is complex and inconsistent

  • His role at Delphi makes him, next to Zeus, the most important Olympian


Apollo the far darter god of prophecy1
Apollo, the Far-Darter, God of Prophecy

  • His epithet shows his origin

  • Lycia or Lycus

  • Delian (Twin of Artemis)

  • Other stories associate him with the north – swans carried him to the land of the Hyperboreans – and thereafter he spent the winters there.


Apollo the far darter god of prophecy2
Apollo, the Far-Darter, God of Prophecy

  • Looking for a place for his shrine, he is misled by Telephusa away from Boeotia – goes to Parnassus

  • Originally Delphi was the site for Ge-Themis

  • Must slay a dangerous dragon, eventually named Typhon

  • Goes back and punishes Telephusa


Apollo the far darter god of prophecy3
Apollo, the Far-Darter, God of Prophecy

  • Pan-Hellenic, even world site 800 BC – AD 394

  • Center of the world, marked by the omphalos

  • Apollo spoke through a prophetess, the Pythia, seated on a tripod in the temple

  • Obscurity: e.g., Croesus; “the wooden walls”


Apollo the far darter god of prophecy4
Apollo, the Far-Darter, God of Prophecy

  • Sender of plagues

  • God of mice

  • Healing

  • Asclepius and the story of Coronis


Apollo the far darter god of prophecy5
Apollo, the Far-Darter, God of Prophecy

  • Acquired features of a sun god

  • The god of male beauty

  • Apollo’s list of failed romances


Apollo the far darter god of prophecy6
Apollo, the Far-Darter, God of Prophecy

  • Cassandra

  • Sibyl of Cumae (like Tithonus): “As many years as grains of sand she could scoop up in her hands.”

  • Daphnê (laurel tree)

  • Marpessa

  • Hyacinth


Next time

Next Time

Hephaestus

Ares

Hermes


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