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APA Basics. APA Style-Documentation. Agreement of text with list: “Each reference cited in text must appear in the reference list, and each entry in the reference list must be cited in text” (p. 174). APA Style-Documentation.

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Apa basics

APA Basics


Apa style documentation
APA Style-Documentation

  • Agreement of text with list: “Each reference cited in text must appear in the reference list, and each entry in the reference list must be cited in text” (p. 174).


Apa style documentation1
APA Style-Documentation

  • Basic citation styles inaccurate, inconsistent. Table 6.1, p. 177, illustrates basic styles.

    • “and” vs. “&”

    • Use of “et al.”

  • Two or more works within same parentheses

    • “order alphabetically in the same order they appear in the reference list” (sec. 6.16, p. 177)



Apa style documentation2
APA Style-Documentation

  • Ensure accuracy and agreement of things like years and author names between in-text citations and references list.

    • Years (e.g., Mott, 1997 in text; Mott, 1999 in RL)

    • Spelling of author names (e.g., Kearny in text, Kearney in RL)


Apa style documentation3
APA Style-Documentation

  • Format accuracy of citations in list

    • Incorrect:

      • Baker-Miller, J. (1991). The development of women’s sense of self. Women’s Growth in Connection. V. Jordan, J. Baker-Miller, I.P. Striver, & J.L. Surrey Ed. Guilford, New York. 11-27.

    • Correct:

      • Baker-Miller, J. (1991). The development of women’s sense of self. In V. Jordan, J. Baker-Miller, I.P. Striver, & J.L. Surrey (Eds.), Women’s growth in connection (pp. 11-27).New York, NY: Guilford.


Apa style numbers
APA Style-Numbers

  • Sections 4.31-4.34, APA 6th, pp. 111-113

    • “Use numerals to express numbers that represent time, dates, ages, scores, and points on a scale…”

      • e.g., 2-year-olds, 4-year institution, a 5-point Likert scale

    • “Use numerals to express numbers that denote a specific place in a numbered series, parts of books and tables...”

      • e.g., Grade 8 (but eighth grade), Table 3, chapter 5


Apa style tables
APA Style-Tables

  • APA 6th, pp. 128-150

    • Titles brief, but explanatory

    • Every column needs a column head

    • No vertical lines

    • Format challenges; readability


Use the manual
Use the manual

  • Key portions:

    • Chapter 1: Writing for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

    • Chapter 2: Manuscript Structure and Content

    • Chapter 3: Writing Clearly and Concisely

      • pp. 65-70, “Writing Style”

      • pp. 77-86, “Grammar and Usage”

    • Chapter 4: The Mechanics of Style


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