Phrases. 7 th Grade Chapter 14. Prepositional Phrases: Adjective and Adverb Phrases. Pages 404-409. What is a Phrase?. A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and that does not contain both a verb and its subject. What is a clause?.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
A phrase is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and that does not contain both a verb and its subject.
A clause is a group of related words that is used as a single part of speech and that does contain both a verb and its subject.
A prepositional phrase includes a preposition, a noun, or a pronoun called the object of the preposition, and any modifiers of that object.
There are 2 kinds of prepositional phrases: adjective phrases and adverb phrases
The Seine River flows through Paris.
The car in front of us slide into an icy snowbank.
During the stormy night, the black horse ran off.
The dish is filled with raw carrots and celery.
A prepositional phrase used as an adjective is called an adjective phrase.
ADJECTIVE: Rosa chose the blue one.
ADJECTIVE PHRASE: Rosa chose the one with blue stripes.
with the neon sign
by Janet Jackson.
A prepositional phrase used as an adverb is called an adverb phrase.
ADVERB: The cavalry will reach the fort soon.
ADVERB PHRASE: The cavalry will reach the fort by noon.
Adverb phrases answer the same questions that single-word adverbs answer:
at the animal shelter.
for a game.
for a puppy.
A verbal is a word that is formed from a verb but is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
A participle is a verb that can be used as an adjective. There are present participles (-ing) and past participles (-d or –ed).
PRESENT Mr. Sanchez rescued three
people from the burning
PAST Well trained, the soldier successfully carried out her mission.
A participial phrase consists of a participle together with its modifiers and complements. The entire phrase is used as an adjective.
Stretching slowly, the cat jumped down from the windowsill.
The tornado predicted by the meteorologist did not hit our area.
Reading the assignment, she took notes carefully.
A participial phrase should be placed close to the word it modifies. Otherwise, the phrase may appear to modify another word, and the sentence may not make sense.
MISPLACED Hopping along the fence, I saw a rabbit.
CORRECTED I saw a rabbit hopping along the fence.
An infinitive is a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Most infinitives begin with to.
NOUN To succeed is my goal.
ADJECTIVE The place to meet tomorrow is the library.
ADVERB Tamara claims she was born to surf.
An infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive together with its modifiers and complements. The entire phrase may be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
To be a good gymnast takes hard work.
The first person to fly over both the North Pole and the South Pole was Richard Byrd.
Are you ready to go to the gym now?