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Page: 444. Successor states to the Roman empire, 500 AD. Byzantine empire and its neighbors 527-554 C.E. Page: 329. The Byzantine Empire. After the Western Roman Empire fell in AD 476, the Eastern Roman Empire continued (AD 330-AD 1453). It was called the Byzantine Empire.

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Page 444

Page: 444

Successor states to the Roman empire, 500 AD


Byzantine empire and its neighbors 527 554 c e

Byzantine empire and its neighbors 527-554 C.E.

  • Page: 329


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The Byzantine

Empire

After the Western Roman

Empire fell in AD 476, the

Eastern Roman Empire

continued (AD 330-AD

1453). It was called the

Byzantine Empire.

Constantinople was its

capital.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Byzantine emperors

claimed that God gave

them the right to rule

(divine right).

Justinian was their most

famous ruler (reign: AD

527-567). He built the

Hagia Sophia and gave his

empire written laws.


Hagia sophia

Hagia Sophia


Hagia sophia1

Hagia Sophia


Dome in the hagia sophia

Dome in the Hagia Sophia


Mosque of suleyman the magnificent built in 1550s

Mosque of Suleyman the Magnificent (built in 1550s)


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Western Europe

and the “Dark

Ages”

goodreads.com

In western Europe, the

Early Middle Ages (AD

500-1000) is known as

the “Dark Ages.”

Why?

*Literacy declined.

*Roman law (judges,

innocent until proven

guilty) was replaced by

trial by ordeal or

combat.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

srhabay.wikispaces.com

*Towns declined and

crime increased.

Latin evolved into

languages such as

Italian, Spanish, and

French.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The Franks, the

Merovingian

Empire, and Clovis

An ethnic group, the

Franks, became very

powerful. Clovis (AD 481-

511) founded the

Merovingian Empire and

converted his people to

Christianity.


Clovis

Clovis


Charles martel

Charles Martel


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Charlemagne and

the Carolingian

Empire

A different family took

control of the Franks in the

early 8th C. and began the

Carolingian Empire.

Charlemagne (Charles the

Great) ruled from AD 768

to 814 and expanded the

empire.


Charlemagne charles the great

Charlemagne (Charles the Great)


Carolingian empire ad 814

Carolingian Empire, AD 814


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Invasions from Muslim

forces, the Vikings, and

Magyars ended the

empire.


Division of carolingian empire ad 843

Division of Carolingian empire (AD 843)

  • Page: 450


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The Vikings

(Northmen or

Norsemen)

From Scandinavia.

From AD 800 to AD 1000

the Vikings raided lands

from Ireland to Russia.

They were fierce

barbarians who

worshipped war-like gods.

Bersrkrswere “crazy”

Viking warriors.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

www.pbs.org

Excellent sailors;

technologically advanced

ships; skilled explorers.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Images are from google.com

Bottom picture shows sculpture of

Leif Ericson in Reykjavik, Iceland

Explorations:

*Eric the Red (Greenland

in CE 982).

*Leif Ericson (New

Foundland in CE 1000).


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Settlements in Iceland,

Ireland, England, France, and

Russia.

Viking raids stopped. Why?

*Opponents responded

quicker.

*Agricultural output

increased.

*Converted to Christianity


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Feudalism

Most people were farmers

who received protection

from wealthy landowners

in return for military

service or crops.


Life in the high middle ages

Life in the High Middle Ages


Legend of king arthur

Legend of King Arthur


The regional states of medieval europe 1000 1300 c e

The regional states of Medieval Europe, 1000-1300 C.E.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The High Middle

Ages

From AD 1000 to AD 1300

Agricultural improvements

led to more food

production.

Population increased.

Towns and trade grew.

Literacy increased.


High middle ages 1000 1300

High Middle Ages (1000-1300)


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The Christian

Church divided

Christian Church splits

(schism) into two

branches in AD 1054:

*Roman Catholic: Bishop

of Rome (Pope) is their

spiritual leader. Priests

cannot marry.


Three branches of christianity

Three branches of Christianity


Pope benedict xvi

Pope Benedict XVI


Notre dame

Notre Dame


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

google.com

Eastern Orthodox:

Patriarch of

Constantinople is their

spiritual leader. Priests

can marry.


Ecumenical patriarch bartholomew

Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

The Crusades

The Crusades (AD 1096

AD 1272) were military

attempts by Christians to

gain control of the Holy

Land (Palestine) from

Muslims.


Pope urban ii

Pope Urban II


Peter the hermit

Peter the Hermit


Children s crusade

Children’s Crusade


Eleanor of aquitaine

Eleanor of Aquitaine


Richard the lion hearted

Richard the Lion-Hearted


Saladin

Saladin


The medieval expansion of europe 1000 1250 c e

The medieval expansion of Europe, 1000-1250 C.E.


Successor states to the roman empire 500 ad

Late Middle Ages

AD 1300-AD 1500

Black Death (1347-1351):

Bubonic Plague killed one

out of every three

Europeans.

Hundred Years’ War

(1337-1453): Series of

conflicts between France

and England.


The crusades

The Crusades


Music of the middle ages

MUSIC OF THE MIDDLE AGES


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