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Page: 444. Successor states to the Roman empire, 500 AD. Byzantine empire and its neighbors 527-554 C.E. Page: 329. The Byzantine Empire. After the Western Roman Empire fell in AD 476, the Eastern Roman Empire continued (AD 330-AD 1453). It was called the Byzantine Empire.

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Page: 444

Successor states to the Roman empire, 500 AD


Byzantine empire and its neighbors 527-554 C.E.

  • Page: 329


The Byzantine

Empire

After the Western Roman

Empire fell in AD 476, the

Eastern Roman Empire

continued (AD 330-AD

1453). It was called the

Byzantine Empire.

Constantinople was its

capital.


Byzantine emperors

claimed that God gave

them the right to rule

(divine right).

Justinian was their most

famous ruler (reign: AD

527-567). He built the

Hagia Sophia and gave his

empire written laws.


Hagia Sophia


Hagia Sophia


Dome in the Hagia Sophia


Mosque of Suleyman the Magnificent (built in 1550s)


Western Europe

and the “Dark

Ages”

goodreads.com

In western Europe, the

Early Middle Ages (AD

500-1000) is known as

the “Dark Ages.”

Why?

*Literacy declined.

*Roman law (judges,

innocent until proven

guilty) was replaced by

trial by ordeal or

combat.


srhabay.wikispaces.com

*Towns declined and

crime increased.

Latin evolved into

languages such as

Italian, Spanish, and

French.


The Franks, the

Merovingian

Empire, and Clovis

An ethnic group, the

Franks, became very

powerful. Clovis (AD 481-

511) founded the

Merovingian Empire and

converted his people to

Christianity.


Clovis


Charles Martel


Charlemagne and

the Carolingian

Empire

A different family took

control of the Franks in the

early 8th C. and began the

Carolingian Empire.

Charlemagne (Charles the

Great) ruled from AD 768

to 814 and expanded the

empire.


Charlemagne (Charles the Great)


Carolingian Empire, AD 814


Invasions from Muslim

forces, the Vikings, and

Magyars ended the

empire.


Division of Carolingian empire (AD 843)

  • Page: 450


The Vikings

(Northmen or

Norsemen)

From Scandinavia.

From AD 800 to AD 1000

the Vikings raided lands

from Ireland to Russia.

They were fierce

barbarians who

worshipped war-like gods.

Bersrkrswere “crazy”

Viking warriors.


www.pbs.org

Excellent sailors;

technologically advanced

ships; skilled explorers.


Images are from google.com

Bottom picture shows sculpture of

Leif Ericson in Reykjavik, Iceland

Explorations:

*Eric the Red (Greenland

in CE 982).

*Leif Ericson (New

Foundland in CE 1000).


Settlements in Iceland,

Ireland, England, France, and

Russia.

Viking raids stopped. Why?

*Opponents responded

quicker.

*Agricultural output

increased.

*Converted to Christianity


Feudalism

Most people were farmers

who received protection

from wealthy landowners

in return for military

service or crops.


Life in the High Middle Ages


Legend of King Arthur


The regional states of Medieval Europe, 1000-1300 C.E.


The High Middle

Ages

From AD 1000 to AD 1300

Agricultural improvements

led to more food

production.

Population increased.

Towns and trade grew.

Literacy increased.


High Middle Ages (1000-1300)


The Christian

Church divided

Christian Church splits

(schism) into two

branches in AD 1054:

*Roman Catholic: Bishop

of Rome (Pope) is their

spiritual leader. Priests

cannot marry.


Three branches of Christianity


Pope Benedict XVI


Notre Dame


google.com

Eastern Orthodox:

Patriarch of

Constantinople is their

spiritual leader. Priests

can marry.


Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew


The Crusades

The Crusades (AD 1096

AD 1272) were military

attempts by Christians to

gain control of the Holy

Land (Palestine) from

Muslims.


Pope Urban II


Peter the Hermit


Children’s Crusade


Eleanor of Aquitaine


Richard the Lion-Hearted


Saladin


The medieval expansion of Europe, 1000-1250 C.E.


Late Middle Ages

AD 1300-AD 1500

Black Death (1347-1351):

Bubonic Plague killed one

out of every three

Europeans.

Hundred Years’ War

(1337-1453): Series of

conflicts between France

and England.


The Crusades


MUSIC OF THE MIDDLE AGES


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