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Welcome in Vienna?. Reception of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Austria‘s Capital. Personal 10 years asylum field Lawyer (ai) Research (ICMPD) EQUAL project management (Volkshilfe). Organisational Volkshilfe Österreich DON‘T WAIT – Work and Qualification for Asylum Seekers!

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Welcome in vienna

Welcome in Vienna?

Reception of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Austria‘s Capital


Reporter s data

Personal

10 years asylum field

Lawyer (ai)

Research (ICMPD)

EQUAL project management (Volkshilfe)

Organisational

Volkshilfe Österreich

DON‘T WAIT – Work and Qualification for Asylum Seekers!

[email protected] - migrants in home care

Reporter‘s Data


Presentation structure
Presentation Structure

  • Vienna: Immigration characteristics

  • Actual Austrian Asylum Policy

  • Integration of Asylum Seekers

  • NGO Perspectives on Asylum

  • Conclusions

  • Contacts



Population in general
Population in general

  • Austria: 8 million inhabitants

  • Vienna: 1,5 million inhabitans


Ethnic minorities
Ethnic Minorities

  • Austria: 1,5 million who were not Austrian citizens when born (18%)

  • Vienna: about 30% not Austrian citizens when born


Integration contract
„Integration Contract“

  • Federal Law, since 2002, reform 2005

  • Compulsory German lessons for immigrants: originally 100 hours, reform 2005 foresees 300 hours + exam compulsory

  • New Immigration Strategy: Saisonal work + key forces („New Economy“)



Actual austrian asylum policy1
Actual Austrian Asylum Policy

Plenty new laws ...

  • Asylum Act 1997

  • Asylum Act 2003 (Constitutional Court stated several violations of the constitutional law)

  • Asylum Act 2005



Asylum act 2005
Asylum Act 2005

  • Protection against deportation: weakening during appeals against formal decisions (Third Secure State, Dublin)

  • Traumaticed refugees are no longer excepted of Dublin procedure

  • Independent Federal Asylum Review Bord: plus 15 Judges


Immigration act 2005
Immigration Act 2005

  • Detention pending deportation: from 6 month up to 10 months and coercive nutrition

  • Penal law: higher punishment for human smuggling and fake marriages

  • Familiy reunification: access to labour market already after 1 year (previous: 2-3 years)



Statistics applications decline background
Statistics: Applications Decline Background

  • End of Yugoslav civil wars

  • Crisis in Afghanistan/ Iraq urge less people to flight

  • Main counries of origin: Russia (Tetscheny) and Serbia-Montenegro

  • Dublin Convention and EURODAC


Integration of asylum seekers
Integration of Asylum Seekers


Integration of asylum seekers1
Integration of Asylum Seekers

  • Notion of Integration

  • Access Labour Market

  • Accomodation, nutrition and advice

  • Access education & vocational training


Notion of integration
Notion of Integration

  • Rise to middle class as essential element of integration

  • One who can‘t perform like middle class is perceived as „foreigner“

    August Gächter, Vienna 2005

    ZSI, Centre for Social Inovation


Integration needs
Integration needs ...

  • Rights

  • Education

  • Recognition of Capacities & Knowledge

  • Replacement in bad jobs

    August Gächter, Vienna 2005

    ZSI, Centre for Social Inovation


Access labour market
Access Labour Market

  • Asylum Seekers: saisonal work or new self employed (see DON‘T WAIT)

  • Subsidary protected: access afte 1 year

  • Recognized refugees: access as Austrians

  • Volkshilfe position: Access to labour market after 6 month + accelerated acceptance procedures for foreign certificates


Accomodation nutrition advice
AccomodationNutrition - Advice

  • Basic Welfare Support

  • Convention between Länder (federal territories) and Bund (state)

  • Covers all asylum seekers (previous: 1/3)

  • Detention pending deportation is still used very extensively although there would be more human and economic possibilities


Access education vocational training
Access Education & Vocational Training

  • Labour market authorities (AMS) excludes asylum seekers

  • Access to private education market

  • Costs! – Innovative Support by EQUAL advice structures (DON‘T WAIT, Epima etc.)


Education as comming ngo policy perspective
Education as commingNGO Policy Perspective

  • Education & Vocational Training: answer to restricted access to the labour market

  • Double-Screening: Geneva Convention and national labour market demand

  • Training Plan: Fit of personal skills and labour marked demands


Conclusions
Conclusions

  • Focus on vocational training and double screening

  • In case of return (reduced probability): development aid

  • In case of stay: win-win-situation


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