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Waste Management. OBEJECTIVES:. Introduction to waste and waste management Waste and health Waste management in Palestine Dealing with hazardous waste مكب زهرة الفنجان . What are Wastes?.

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Presentation Transcript
obejectives
OBEJECTIVES:
  • Introduction to waste and waste management
  • Waste and health
  • Waste management in Palestine
  • Dealing with hazardous waste
  • مكب زهرة الفنجان
what are wastes
What are Wastes?

“substances or objects which are disposed of or are intended to be disposed of or are required to be disposed of by the provisions of the law”

  • Waste management is the collection, transport, processing, recyclingor disposal, and monitoring of waste materials
sources of wastes
Sources of Wastes

Households

Commerce and Industry

sources of wastes1
Sources of Wastes

Agriculture

Fisheries

classification of wastes according to their effects on human health and the environment

Classification of Wastes according totheir Effects on Human Health and the Environment

Hazardous wastes

wastes that possess substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment

Non-hazardous

not affect the environment or human health.

slide7

Man- Made Factors that contribute to a worsening of environmental hazards

urbanization, industrialization, population growth.

Natural factors causing environmental hazards

physical such as volcanic activity , severe weather. biological, such as epidemic diseases. psychological or social.

integrated solid waste management
Integrated solid waste management

Reduce

Recycle

Incinerate

Landfill

fundamental elements of a waste management system

Waste generation

Waste handling, separation, storage, and processing at the source

Solid waste collection

Separation and Processing and transformation of solid waste

Transfer and transport

Final disposal

Fundamental elements of a waste management system
effects of poor waste management on health
Effects of poor waste management on health
  • Respiratory tract infections_ gases
  • Infectious diseases carried by flies, insects, cats
  • Allergy _odors
  • Digestive system problems _ water pollution ,plant poisoning
waste management in palestine
waste management in Palestine

According to studies and statistics, the crisis of solid waste spread slowly in the Palestinian territories, in particular, and that

  • only 59% of the amount of solid waste generated daily in the West Bank up to the landfills
  • more than 88% burn , and thus contaminate the air, which threaten the daily lives of Palestinian citizens,
  • while the other relates to the common way to bury this waste
dealing with hazardous waste
Dealing with hazardous waste
  • Industrial waste and medical contain the largest component of hazardous materials
  • Careful separation of hazardous wastes
  • Not mixing hazardous waste with municipal solid during the collection and disposal
  • Burn at very high temperature >1000 c
  • Dumping
toxins found in health care waste
Toxins found in health-care waste
  • polyvinyl chloride (PVC), dioxins and furans
  • Long-term, low-level exposure >> impairment of immune, nervous, endocrine and reproductive functions.
  • Short-term, high-level exposure >>skin lesions and altered liver function.
  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifies dioxins as a "known human carcinogen
slide16
مشروع مكب زهرة النفايات موقع المشروع
  • يقع المشروع في منطقة زهرة الفنجان ( واد علي) بين بلدتي عرابة وعجة، وفي موقع يتوسط محافظات شمال الضفة الغربية حيث يبعد عن مدينة جنين 15كم ويبعد 22كم عن مدينة نابلس، وكذلك يبعد 20كم عن مدينة طولكرم.
  • مساحة الخلايا الجاهزة للاستخدام 88 دونم
  • سعة الخلايا 2.25 مليون طن
  • العمر الافتراضي للخلايا الجاهزة لجميع محافظات الشمال حوالي 15 سنة.
slide18
مشروع مكب زهرة الفنجان
  • اهداف : بناء مكب صحي ، إعادة تأهيل المكبات العشوائية والتخلص من حرق النفايات وتحسين الوصول الى الموقع الجديد .
  • التكلفة : 14 مليون دولار
slide19
الطريقة المثلى لطمر النفايات :
  • نقوم بتجهيز الحفرة بحيث يتم عزلها عن المياه الجوفية بطبقة عازلة من الاسمنت أو بنوع خاص من البلاستيك لتوضع فيها النفايات وترص ثم تغطى بالتراب الذي استخرج خلال عمليات الحفر .. حيث انه لكل 1 متر نفايات نحتاج الى 20 سم من التراب..
  • من المعروف ان للنفايات عصارة ناجمة عن تحلل المواد العضوية الموجودة في النفايات ومياه الأمطار التي تتسرب من مكان الطمر . يتم ضخ هذه العصارة الى سطح النفايات كي يتم ترطيبها وبالتالي يسهل عملية تحللها.
slide20
تم الاتفاق مع شركات لعمل تدوير للنفايات RRR (reuse , reduce, recycle ) وبهذه الطريقة يتم التخلص من 50 % من النفايات الواردة الى المكب يوميا .
references
References
  • Integrated Solid Waste Management: engineering principles and management issues. McGraw-Hill.
  • WHO
  • CDC
  • المعلومات عن المكب من الطالبة حنين ربيع (سنة ثالثة) , و المصدر : مجلس الخدمات المشترك في محافظة طولكرم.
slide25

Thank you

Done by:

Alaa Riad Awad

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