The criminal import export between east and west europe
Download
1 / 16

The criminal import - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 187 Views
  • Uploaded on

The criminal import/export between East and West Europe . Dina Siegel CIROC 20 December 2006. 1. Was the crime situation in 8 new Central and Eastern European member-states taken seriously before 2004 and what were the consequences for the Western Europe?

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The criminal import' - alamea


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Slide2 l.jpg

  • 1. Was the crime situation in 8 new Central and Eastern European member-states taken seriously before 2004 and what were the consequences for the Western Europe?

  • 2. Are we really importing (organized) crime from the East?

  • 3. Are we also exporting (organized) crime to the East?

  • 4. Are we going to import/export even more (organized) crime in 2007?

  • 5. What can be done?


Sources l.jpg

Davis, I., Hirst, C., Mariani, B., (2001), European member-states taken seriously before 2004 and what were the consequences for the Western Europe?‘Organised crime, corruption and illicit arms trafficking in an enlarged EU, Challenges and Perspectives’, Saferworld Arms and Security Programme

Center for the study of democracy (2000, 2004), Sofia

Europol (2003, 2004)

Korf, D.J., Bovenkerk, F. (2005), ‘Van de straat: politie, multiculturaliteit en criminaliteitspreventie, Politieacademie onderzoeksreeks, Apeldoorn

Slovenian police reports (2003-2004)

Polish police reports (2004)

Korps Landelijke Politiediensten (2004), ‘Misdaad zonder grenzen, Criminaliteitsbeeld Oost-Europa 2002 – 2003’

Other Dutch Police reports (1992-2004)

United Nations Development Programs (2002, 2003)

Reports of MVD, Russia (2002, 2003)

TraCC, Moldova and Georgia (2004)

Nathanson Center reports (2002-2004)

Transparency International reports (2003 – 2006)

Sources:


Slide5 l.jpg

1. Was the crime situation in 8 countries that joined the EU in 2004 taken seriously in time and what were the consequences for the Western Europe?

  • Knowledge:

  • a. registered facts (law enforcement data)

  • b. criminological analysis (literature, reports, presentations)

  • c. local perceptions


Situation in eastern and central europe 1 l.jpg
Situation in Eastern and Central Europe (1) in 2004 taken seriously in time and what were the consequences for the Western Europe?

  • 1. Political-economic instability

  • 2. Organized Crime activities:

    • trafficking in human beings

    • smuggling of drugs, art and cigarettes

    • the theft and smuggling of cars

    • fraud and other financial crimes

    • trade in illegal arms


Situation in eastern and central europe 2 l.jpg
Situation in Eastern and Central Europe (2) in 2004 taken seriously in time and what were the consequences for the Western Europe?

  • - involvement of ‘foreign’ criminal organizations

  • - corruption

  • - violent entrepreneurs

  • - voluntary prostitution

    Answer: situation was underestimated


Slide8 l.jpg
Question: "In your opinion, which Russian government and public organizations and services are most corrupt?”% of the group

The police, customs and law enforcement agencies 52

The traffic police 45

Hospitals and clinics 33

Courts and prosecutors’offices 26

Educational organizations 18

Local governments 18

Federal government bodies 12

Etc.

(November 25-26, 2006)


2 are we really importing organized crime from the east l.jpg
2. Are we really importing (organized) crime from the East? public organizations and services are most corrupt?”

  • Two main approaches:

  • 1. OC never needed permission to join the EU, it was already settled in the West, including the Netherlands

  • 2. The easing of border restrictions between different parts of Europe attracts the OC and facilitates its activities


First approach l.jpg
First approach: public organizations and services are most corrupt?”

In the 1990s evidence of:

  • Russian mafia

  • Yigoslavian criminal groups

  • Albanian trafficking networks

    Conclusion: there is no reason to expect a sudden increase in serious crime now that a number of new member states have joined the EU


Second approach l.jpg
Second approach: public organizations and services are most corrupt?”

New forms of East-European crime in the Netherlands:

  • Polish mobile banditism

  • Modern slavery

  • Yugoslavian underground shops

  • Illegal brothels

  • Illegal trade in human body parts

  • Counterfeiting


Slide12 l.jpg

The answer to the second question is: public organizations and services are most corrupt?”

We do not import organized crime, but we do face new forms of criminality as a result of the EU enlargement


3 are we also exporting organized crime to the east l.jpg
3. Are we also exporting (organized) crime to the East? public organizations and services are most corrupt?”

Three main illegal markets in the Eastern Europe:

  • - drugs market (‘made in Holland XTC’)

  • - children prostitution

  • - illegal dumping of chemicals


Slide14 l.jpg

The answer to the third question: public organizations and services are most corrupt?”

Yes, Western organized crime exports criminal activities to the new member-states and makes use of new markets and new opportunities


Slide15 l.jpg

4. Are we going to import/export even more public organizations and services are most corrupt?”

(organized) crime in 2007?


5 what can be done l.jpg
5. What can be done? public organizations and services are most corrupt?”

  • 1. Police co-operation

  • 2. Borders control

  • 3. Priorities


ad