1760 1821
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 15

End of Spanish Rule PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

1760-1821. End of Spanish Rule. Spain Acquires Louisiana. Great Britain defeats France in the Seven Year’s War (1756-1763) Changed the balance of power in the Americas. Great Britain gained Canada and all French land east of the Mississippi River. Spain received New Orleans

Download Presentation

End of Spanish Rule

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

1760 1821


End of Spanish Rule

Spain acquires louisiana

Spain Acquires Louisiana

  • Great Britain defeats France in the Seven Year’s War (1756-1763)

    • Changed the balance of power in the Americas.

    • Great Britain gained Canada and all French land east of the Mississippi River.

    • Spain received New Orleans

  • France was no longer a threat in North America

Spain closes east texas missions

Spain Closes East Texas Missions

  • Spain sends Marques de Rubi to investigate the need for missions in Texas.

    • Suggested that Spain abandon all missions in Texas except those at San Antonio and Goliad

    • Also suggested forming alliances with the Comanches

    • Suggested that settlers in East Texas move closer to San Antonio for protection.

  • 1773, three remaining missions in Texas closed and the 500 settlers in the area moved to San Antonio

Nacogdoches founded

Nacogdoches Founded

  • East Texas settlers pleaded for permission for the families to return to their former homes.

  • Governor de Ripperda refused, but allowed some to settle along the Trinity River.

  • Crop failure, small pox, and Comanche forced the colonists to move.

  • 1779, Settlers moved back into East Texas and built the town of Nacogdoches, without government approval.

Spain helps the american colonists

Spain Helps the American Colonists

  • Spain supported the American revolutionaries against Britain.

  • Opened the port of New Orleans to American ships and supplied weapons, clothing, money, and medical supplies to troops.

Us buys louisiana

US Buys Louisiana

  • Louisiana Purchase

  • 1800, Spain was forced to give Louisiana back to France.

  • US purchased the territory from France for $15 million.

    • Doubled the size of the US

  • Gave the US a border with Spain

Border disputes

Border Disputes

  • US insisted American territory extended to the Sabine River

    • Possibly include all of Texas

  • Spain claimed the land all the way to the Calcasieu River in Louisiana

  • General James Wilkinson (US) and Colonel Simon de Herrera (Spain) compromised, saying no one would occupy the “neutral ground.”

    • Became a haven for people trying to escape the law

  • 1819, Adams-Onis Treaty signed

    • Spain transferred Florida to the US

    • Boundary between US and Spain set at the Sabine

    • US surrendered all claim to Texas

Americans migrate to texas

Americans Migrate to Texas

  • Philip Nolan

    • Filibuster

    • Mustang trader

    • Spain suspected he was a spy working for General Wilkinson

    • Warned by Spanish officials to stay out of Texas

      • `Nolan ignored the warning and was ambushed and killed while on a horse capturing expedition

Hidalgo calls for independence

Hidalgo Calls for Independence

  • Best jobs were reserved for men sent from Spain as administrators.

  • Taxes in Mexico increased to help pay for wars in Europe.

  • September 16, 1810 – Father Hidalgo issued a call for freedom from Spain.

    • Tried to capture Mexico City in 1811

    • Captured and executed

    • “Father of Mexican Independence”

Gutierrez magee expedition

Gutierrez-Magee Expedition

  • Wanted to free Texas from Spanish rule

  • Planned to establish a government in which voters would choose people to represent them.

    • Republic

  • Republican Army of the North

  • First action was to cross the Sabine River and capture Nacogdoches.

  • Captured Goliad

    • Magee killed defending Goliad from a Spanish siege

    • Spaniards involved in the siege retreated to San Antonio

    • The RAotN, now led by Samuel Kemper, chased the Spaniards and captured San Antonio

    • Issued a declaration of independence for Texas

Disagreements and defeats

Disagreements and Defeats

  • Americans favored a government with elected officials, like that of the United States.

  • Mexicans preferred a government with appointed officials, like New Spain.

  • Americans wanted Texas to become independent or a part of the United States.

  • Mexicans wanted Texas to remain part of Mexico.

  • August 1813, the Republican Army is defeated near San Antonio.

Revolutionaries and pirates

Revolutionaries and Pirates

  • French pirate Louis Michel Aury

    • Captured Spanish vessels along the coast of Texas

  • Jean Laffite

    • Controlled Galveston Island

    • Had aided the American Army against the British in the War of 1812

    • Captured Spanish vessels in the Gulf of Mexico

    • Eventually sailed to the Caribbean

      • According to legend, he buried a treasure of gold and silver on one of the islands along the Gulf Coast, but it has never been found.

James long

James Long

  • From Mississippi

  • Filibuster

  • Objected to the United States giving up claim to Texas.

  • Summer 1819, Long led an army of 300 to capture Nacogdoches.

    • Declared Texas was a free and independent republic with Long as President.

  • Journeyed to Galveston to ask Jean Laffite for help.

    • Laffite refused

    • Spanish troops attacked and defeated Long’s army while he was in Galveston.

  • Long recruited more rebels out of Louisiana and returned to Texas, attacking Galveston Bay.

  • Long and his troops capture Goliad but were surrounded by Spanish troops and forced to surrender.

    • Taken to Mexico City and killed.

  • Login