Sukarno
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Sukarno. By: Maia Sanders & Kyra Huffsmith. From the beginning:. Born: June 6, 1901 Originally named: Kusnasosro (name was changed after a series of illnesses) Was a Demagogue was known as Bung Karno and merdeka He was a left wing leader

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Sukarno

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Sukarno

Sukarno

By:

Maia Sanders

&

Kyra Huffsmith


From the beginning

From the beginning:

  • Born: June 6, 1901

  • Originally named: Kusnasosro (name was changed after a series of illnesses)

  • Was a Demagogue

  • was known as Bung Karno and merdeka

  • He was a left wing leader

  • Spent long periods of his childhood with his grandparents in the village of Tulungagung

  • He became a devotee of wayang based on the Hindu epics

  • Mastered the languages: Javanese, Sudanese and Balinese. He also mastered major languages such as German, French, English and, later on, Japanese.


Rise to power

Rise to power:

  • 1927- obtained a degree in civil engineering.

  • 1929 to 1931- Sukarno spent these years in a Dutch prison located in Bandung

  • 1933 to 1942- spent in exile on Flores and Sumatra

  • March 1942- Japanese invade and Sukarno welcomes them as personal and national liberators.

  • During WWII, he was used by the Japanese as a chief advisor and propagandist.

  • June 1st, 1945- pressured Japan to give Indonesia independence, giving his famous speech.


Ideology pantjasila five principles

Ideology:Pantjasila (Five Principles):

  • Nationalism

  • Internationalism

  • Democracy

  • Social prosperity

  • Belief in God

  • Claimed that it was still sacrosanct state doctrine.


Independence of indonesia

Independence of Indonesia:

  • Collapse of Japan now apparent, Sukarno wavered.

  • Activist youth- kidnapped, intimidated and persuaded Sukarno for the independence which was given August 17, 1945.

  • He becomes the first President of the New Republic.

  • Defiant of the Dutch, which transferred sovereignty on December 27 1949.

  • Graduated from a Technical College in 1927, he, along with members of the General Study Club (Algemene Studieclub) created the Indonesian Nationalist Union the following year.

  • Known after May 1928 as the Indonesian Nationalist Party (PNI)

    • the party stressed mass organization, noncooperation with the colonial authorities, and the ultimate goal of independence


Totalitarian minorities

He created his own version of Marxism to obtain a huge mass to follow him.

Important theme: Marhaenism Marhaen

Title was given to a man he claimed to have met while cycling through the country side near Bandung.(1930)

Totalitarian?Minorities?


Policies

Policies:

Foreign:

Domestic:

Political:


To the end

…To the end:

  • Forced to retire in 1966

  • Died: June


Sukarno

  • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/572207/Sukarno

  • http://www.mongabay.com/history/indonesia/indonesia-sukarno_and_the_nationalist_movement.html

  • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/572207/Sukarno

  • http://www.mongabay.com/history/indonesia/indonesia-sukarno_and_the_nationalist_movement.html


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