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CHAPTER 13. PERSONAL HEALTH CARE. CHAPTER 13. DESCRIBES HOW TO CARE FOR SKIN,HAIR,AND NAILS. IT ALSO DESCRIBES HOW TO TAKE CARE OF THE TEETH, EYES, AND EARS. BELLRINGER-WHAT KIND OF PERSONAL CARE DO YOU DO?. LESSON 1.

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Chapter 13

CHAPTER 13

PERSONAL HEALTH CARE


Chapter 131
CHAPTER 13

  • DESCRIBES HOW TO CARE FOR SKIN,HAIR,AND NAILS.

  • IT ALSO DESCRIBES HOW TO TAKE CARE OF THE TEETH, EYES, AND EARS.

  • BELLRINGER-WHAT KIND OF PERSONAL CARE DO YOU DO?


Lesson 1
LESSON 1

  • PROPER CARE OF SKIN, HAIR, AND NAILS IS IMPORTANT FOR KEEPING THE WHOLE BODY HEALTHY

  • BELLRINGER-WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF SUNSCREEN?


Lesson 1 healthy skin hair and nails
LESSON 1HEALTHY SKIN,HAIR,AND NAILS

  • BIG IDEA-CARE FOR THE SKIN,HAIR,AND NAILS IS NECESSARY FOR GOOD HEALTH

  • THE SKIN PROTECTS THE BODY PATHOGENS,REGULATES BODY TEMPERATURE, AND FEELS SENSATIONS.


Your skin
YOUR SKIN

  • SKIN PROTECTS YOU FROM PATHOGENS, REGULATES YOUR BODY TEMPERATURE, AND HELPS YOU FEEL SENSATIONS.

  • SKIN-IS THE LARGEST ORGAN ON THE BODY.

  • SKIN CONSISTS OF 2 MAIN LAYERS

  • EPIDERMIS-IS THE OUTER,THINNER LAYER OF THE SKIN.




2.TEMPERATURE CONTROL-AS BODY TEMPERATURE BEGINS TO RISE, THE BLOOD VESSELS IN YOUR SKIN DILATE, ALLOWING HEAT TO ESCAPE THROUGH THE SKIN’S SURFACE. SWEAT GLANDS –COOL THE SKIN.


  • 3.SENSATION-SKIN IS A MAJOR SENSE ORGAN. THE BLOOD VESSELS IN YOUR SKIN DILATE, ALLOWING HEAT TO ESCAPE THROUGH THE SKIN’S SURFACE. SWEAT GLANDS –COOL THE SKIN.

  • STUDY THE SKIN DIAGRAM PAGE 357.

  • SEBACEOUS GLANDS-STRUCTURES WITHIN THE SKIN THAT PRODUCE AN OILY SECRETION CALLED SEBUM.


Keep your skin healthy
KEEP YOUR SKIN HEALTHY THE BLOOD VESSELS IN YOUR SKIN DILATE, ALLOWING HEAT TO ESCAPE THROUGH THE SKIN’S SURFACE. SWEAT GLANDS –COOL THE SKIN.

  • 1.WASH WITH MILD SOAP AND WATER

  • 2.AVOID TOUCHING YOUR FACE WITH HANDS, BECAUSE YOU HANDS HAVE BACTERIA.

  • CHOOSE PERSONAL SKIN CARE PRODUCTS

  • WELL BALANCED EATING PLAN


  • UV PROTECTION-SUNTAN IS DAMAGED SKIN FROM UV RADIATION THE BLOOD VESSELS IN YOUR SKIN DILATE, ALLOWING HEAT TO ESCAPE THROUGH THE SKIN’S SURFACE. SWEAT GLANDS –COOL THE SKIN.

  • CAN LEAD TO SKIN CANCER

  • WEAR SUNSCREEN

  • WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

  • WEAR SUNGLASSES

  • AVOID TANNING BEDS


  • BODY PIERCING AND TATTOOING THE BLOOD VESSELS IN YOUR SKIN DILATE, ALLOWING HEAT TO ESCAPE THROUGH THE SKIN’S SURFACE. SWEAT GLANDS –COOL THE SKIN.

  • PERAMENT

  • POTENTIAL HEALTH RISKS-BREAKS THE PHYSICAL BARRIER OF THE SKIN

  • INFECTIONS LIMIT JOB OPPORTUNITIES RELATIONSHIPS

  • HEPATITIS

  • HIV


  • SKIN PROBLEMS THE BLOOD VESSELS IN YOUR SKIN DILATE, ALLOWING HEAT TO ESCAPE THROUGH THE SKIN’S SURFACE. SWEAT GLANDS –COOL THE SKIN.

  • AFFECT SELF IMAGE

  • COMMON SKIN PROBLEMS

  • ACNE-WHEN PORES IN THE SKIN ARE CLOGGED,BACTERIA CAUSES INFLAMMATION, AND PUS FORMS.

    TOUCHING AND PICKING MAY CAUSE SCARRING.


  • 2.WARTS-ARE CAUSED BY A VIRUS. THE BLOOD VESSELS IN YOUR SKIN DILATE, ALLOWING HEAT TO ESCAPE THROUGH THE SKIN’S SURFACE. SWEAT GLANDS –COOL THE SKIN.

  • 3.DERMATITIS OR ECZEMA-INFLAMED OR SCALY PATCH OF SKIN.

  • 4.FUNGAL INFECTIONS-RINGWORM AND ATHLETE’S FOOT ARE INFECTIONS THAT SPREAD BY CONTACT WITH SKIN.



  • MOST SERIOUS FORM OF SKIN CANCER. THAT SURROUND THE ROOTS OF HAIRS-BECOME INFECTED.

  • LOOK AT THE DIAGRAM ON PAGE 360.

  • SEVERE ACNE SHOULD ALWAYS BE TREATED BY A DERMATOLOGIST.


Your hair
YOUR HAIR THAT SURROUND THE ROOTS OF HAIRS-BECOME INFECTED.

  • YOUR HAIR PROTECTS YOUR SKIN FROM UV RADIATION AND HELPS MAINTAIN BODY HEAT.

  • HAIR GROWS ON EVERY SURFACE OF THE SKIN EXCEPT FOR THE PALMS OF YOUR HAND AND THE SOLES OF YOUR FEET.



  • REGULAR SHAMPOOING WILL KEEP YOUR HAIR HEALTHY. EPIDERMIS MAKE NEW HAIRS AND CAUSE HAIR GROWTH.

  • HEATING HAIR ITEMS WILL MAKE YOUR HAIR BRITTLE AND DRY.

  • HAIR PROBLEMS

  • DANDRUFF-THE DEAD SKIN CELLS THAT ARE SHED AS STICKY WHITE FLAKES WHEN THE SCALP IS TOO DRY.



Your nails
YOUR NAILS SCALP HAIR OF HUMANS. THEY FEED ON THE BLOOD FROM THE SCALP.

  • NAILS HELP PROTECT YOUR FINGERS AND TOES.

  • NAILS- ARE MADE OF CLOSELY PACKED DEAD CELLS THAT CONTAIN KERATIN.

  • KEEP THEM CLEAN AND EVENLY TRIMMED.

  • TRIM TOENAILS STRAIGHT ACROSS TO REDUCE A RISK OF INGROWN NAILS.


Lesson 2 healthy teeth and mouth
LESSON 2 SCALP HAIR OF HUMANS. THEY FEED ON THE BLOOD FROM THE SCALP.HEALTHY TEETH AND MOUTH

  • BIG IDEA-YOUR TEETH AND MOUTH NEED CARE TO FUNCTION WELL AND KEEP YOU HEALTHY.

  • BELLRINGER-WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO HAVE HEALTHY TEETH?


Your teeth
YOUR TEETH SCALP HAIR OF HUMANS. THEY FEED ON THE BLOOD FROM THE SCALP.

  • EVERY TOOTH HAS 3 PARTS.

  • HEALTHY TEETH IMPORTANT FOR YOUR APPEARANCE.

  • BREAK DOWN FOOD

  • SHAPE YOU MOUTH


Parts of a tooth
PARTS OF A TOOTH SCALP HAIR OF HUMANS. THEY FEED ON THE BLOOD FROM THE SCALP.

  • PERIODONTIUM-IS THE AREA IMMEDIATELY AROUND THE TOOTH.

  • IT IS MADE UP OF THE GUM,PERIODONTAL LIGAMENTS,AND THE JAWBONE.

  • SUPPORT THE TOOTH AND HOLD IT IN PLACE.


Tooth
TOOTH SCALP HAIR OF HUMANS. THEY FEED ON THE BLOOD FROM THE SCALP.

  • 3 MAIN PARTS

  • CROWN,NECK,ROOT

  • CROWN-IS THE VISIBLE PORTION OF THE TOOTH.

  • IT IS PROTECTED WITH ENAMEL, A HARD SUBSTANCE MADE OF CALCIUM.



  • STUDY THE DIAGRAM ON PAGE 364. TISSUE THAT CONTRIBUTES TO THE SHAPE AND HARDNESS OF THE TOOTH.

  • THE NECK OF THE TOOTH IS BETWEEN THE CROWN AND THE ROOT.

  • KEEPING YOUR TEETH AND MOUTH HEALTHY

  • YOU CAN MAKE CHOICES THAT HELP KEEP YOUR TEETH AND MOUTH CLEAN AND HEALTHY.


  • ORAL HYGIENE-BRUSHING AND FLOSSING YOUR TEETH. TISSUE THAT CONTRIBUTES TO THE SHAPE AND HARDNESS OF THE TOOTH.

  • ACID BREAKS DOWN THE ENAMEL AND TOOTH DECAY OCCURS WHEN THE ENAMEL IS DESTROYED.

  • PLAQUE-IS A COMBINATION OF BACTERIA AND OTHER PARTICLES SUCH AS SMALL BITS OF FOOD.



Tooth and mouth problems
TOOTH AND MOUTH PROBLEMS DOWN TO THE PULP THE TOOTH WILL HAVE TO BE REMOVED.

  • NEGLECTING YOUR TEETH CAN RESULT IN PROBLEMS.

  • HALITOSIS-BAD BREATH

  • PERIODONTAL DISEASE-AN INFLAMMATION OF THE PERIODONTAL STRCTURES-IS CAUSED BY BACTERIAL INFECTION.




Lesson 3 healthy eyes and ears
LESSON 3 OTHER TEETH OR BECOME INFECTED.HEALTHY EYES AND EARS

  • BIG IDEA-EYES AND EARS ARE SENSITIVE ORGANS THAT NEED PROTECTIVE CARE.

  • BELLRINGER-WHAT ARE SOME STRUCTURES OF THE EYE?


Your eyes
YOUR EYES OTHER TEETH OR BECOME INFECTED.

  • THE EYES AND THEIR SUPPORTING STRUCTURES ARE COMPLEX PARTS.

  • MOST OF THE SENSORY INFORMATION THAT TRAVELS TO YOUR BRAIN COMES FROM LIGHT SIGNALS RECEIVED BY YOUR EYES.

  • LACRIMAL GLAND-SECRETES TEARS INTO THE EYE THROUGH DUCTS.









Vision
VISION THROUGH THE OPTIC NERVE WHICH IS LOCATED AT THE BACK OF THE EYE.

  • WHEN LIGHT PASSES THROUGH THE CORNEA,PUPIL,AND LENS TO REACH THE RETINA, AN IMAGE IS FORMED.

  • THE BRAIN TRANSLATES THE NERVE IMPULSES INTO IMAGES THAT YOU RECOGNIZE.


  • NORMAL VISION IS 20/20 THROUGH THE OPTIC NERVE WHICH IS LOCATED AT THE BACK OF THE EYE.

  • 20 FEET FROM AN EYE CHART AND READ THE TOP 8 LINES.

  • 2 COMMON VISION DISORDERS

  • NEARSIGHTEDNESS-CAN NOT SEE FAR AWAY

  • FARSIGHTEDNESS-CAN NOT SEE CLOSE UP.


  • 20/60 VISION IS NEARSIGHTED THROUGH THE OPTIC NERVE WHICH IS LOCATED AT THE BACK OF THE EYE.

  • STUDY THE CHART ON PAGE 370

  • EYE PROBLEMS

  • KEEPING YOUR EYES HEALTHY

  • MAKING HEALTHY CHOICES WILL KEEP YOUR EYES HEALTHY.



Your ears
YOUR EARS THROUGH THE OPTIC NERVE WHICH IS LOCATED AT THE BACK OF THE EYE.

  • THE INNER, MIDDLE, AND OUTER EAR WORK TOGETHER SO YOU CAN HEAR.

  • BELLRINGER

  • WHAT IS HEARING?


  • THE EAR CAN BE DIVIDED INTO 3 MAIN SECTIONS. THROUGH THE OPTIC NERVE WHICH IS LOCATED AT THE BACK OF THE EYE.

  • THE OUTER EAR-IS THE VISIBLE PART OF THE EAR., CALLED THE AURICLE.

  • AURICLE CHALLENGES SOUND WAVES INTO THE EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL , APASSAGE WAY ABOUT 1 INCH LONG.






Hearing and balance
HEARING AND BALANCE INNER EAR.

  • RECEPTORS-IN YOUR INNER EAR STIMULATED BY A SOUND WAY.

  • IMPULSE IS SENT TO THE BRAIN-AUDITORY NERVE.

  • THE BRAIN MAKES ADJUSTMENTS TO MAINTAIN BALANCE.


Keeping your ears healthy
KEEPING YOUR EARS HEALTHY INNER EAR.

  • CARING OF YOUR EARS HELPS PREVENT IRRITATION,INJURY,INFECTION, AND DAMAGE TO THE EARS, AS WELL AS HEARING LOSS.

  • IF YOU HAVE AN EAR INFECTION SEE A DOCTOR.



Preventing hearing loss
PREVENTING HEARING LOSS INNER EAR.

  • EXPOSURE TO LOUD NOISES CAN LEAD TO TEMPORARY AND SOMETIMES PERMANENT HEARING LOSS,OR DEAFNESS, OVER TIME.

  • CONDUCTIVE HEARING LOSS-SOUND WAVES ARE NOT PASSED FROM THE OUTER EAR TO THE INNER EAR. EX. MIDDLE-EAR INFECTIONS.



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