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What lessons can we learn from the Netherlands and the United Kingdom?. Mich èle Belot University of Essex (UK). Outline. Overview of the Dutch and UK higher education system Admission procedures: From secondary school into higher education Public intervention in higher education

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what lessons can we learn from the netherlands and the united kingdom

What lessons can we learn from the Netherlands and the United Kingdom?

Michèle Belot

University of Essex (UK)

outline
Outline

Overview of the Dutch and UK higher education system

  • Admission procedures: From secondary school into higher education
  • Public intervention in higher education
  • Performance in higher education
    • Success rates in first year
  • Student enrolments, according to economic background

Public subsidies and access to higher education

  • The Netherlands: Effects of a reduction in public subsidies to higher education in 1996 on access and performance in higher education
  • The UK: Overall increase in tuition fees in 2007

Conclusions and lessons for Belgium

slide3

Admission procedures - Netherlands

University

Education

Higher

Professional

Education

1 year

University

Preparatory

Education (VWO)

Senior General

Secondary

Education

(HAVO)

Senior

Secondary

Vocational

Education (MBO)

21%

20%

56%

Primary education

admission procedures uk
Admission procedures - UK
  • Pupils apply to universities in the last year of secondary school
  • Universities make offers conditional on A-level exam results
costs and student support
Costs and student support
  • Tuition fees

NL: +/- 1500 euro

UK: £1175 (2005-2006)

  • Student support

NL: Support for costs of living (Student Support Act 1992)

    • Decreased over time
    • Widening of lending possibilities

UK: Means-tested tuition fees, loans

fees and student support in nl
Fees and student support in NL
  • Netherlands
  • Annual fee + costs of living
grants loans and performance in nl
Grants / loans and performance in NL
  • Grant conditional on performance (students must pass at least 50% of the total number of credits)
slide8

Student performance in NL

Source: CBS Netherlands

student enrolments
Student enrolments
  • Overall: Participation rates in tertiary education (type A) – OECD Education at a Glance (2001)
    • NL: 32%
    • UK: 33.7%
    • Belgium: 46.3%
participation and socio economic background
Participation and socio-economic background
  • Correlation between enrolments and socio-economic background.

Netherlands:

University education:

50% of students have a father with a higher education diploma

30% of students have a mother with a higher education diploma

Higher vocational education:

30% of students with father with a higher education diploma

15-20% with mother with university diploma

Overall: 25% of the population has a higher education diploma

  • However:
    • No link between parental background and participation once we control for ability (grade at secondary final exam) and type of secondary education
public subsidies and access to higher education
Public subsidies and access to higher education
  • Experience from the Netherlands
  • Experience from the UK
public subsidies and performance in higher education
Public subsidies and performance in higher education
  • Lessons from the Netherlands
  • In 1996, reduction of the amount of student support from 5 years to 4 years (i.e. nominal duration of studies)
  • Comparing a sample of students before and after the reform, we find:
    • No effect on total student enrolments
    • Students reallocated from university to higher professional education
    • Performance increased: Lower drop-outs, larger number of units completed per year
the effects of the reform
The effects of the reform
  • Mainly affected relatively good students
  • No stronger effects according to educational background
lessons for belgium
Lessons for Belgium
  • Over-representation of students from good socio-economic backgrounds
    • Democratization of higher education should take place earlier (primary and secondary school)
  • Selection at entry / student support
    • Does not constitute a barrier for low-income families
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