The three branches of government
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The Three Branches of Government. Old TCI 2.3 Questions and Answers. Legislative Branch. Congress Makes the Laws. What is the length of a term of office for members of the U.S. House of Representatives? - two-year term for the House of Reps.

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The Three Branches of Government

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The Three BranchesofGovernment

Old TCI 2.3

Questions and Answers


Legislative Branch

Congress

Makes the Laws


  • What is the length of a term of office for members of the U.S. House of Representatives?

    - two-year term for the House of Reps.


2. How old must one be to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives?

  • 25 years old to be in the House of Reps.

  • 7 years a citizen


3. Who has the power to propose a law to raise revenue (a tax law)?

- House of Representatives proposes tax laws


4. Who has the sole power of impeachment?

- House of Representatives can impeach


5. What is the length of a term of office for members of the United States Senate?

- Senators have a 6 year term


6. How old must one be to be elected to the United States Senate?

- 30 years old to be senator

Also must be:

- 9 years a U.S. citizen


7. Who must approve people – like ambassadors, judges, and cabinet members - that the president appoints to government positions?

- the Senate approves high officials


8. Who must approve any treaties that are made with foreign countries?

- the Senate approves treaties


9. Who has the sole power to try (bring to trial) all impeachments?

- the Senate tries impeachments


10. Who has legislative (law-making) powers?

- Congress makes laws

(the Legislative Branch)


11. Who has the power to declare war?

- Congress can declare war


12. What can the legislative branch do if the president vetoes a bill?

- Can override the veto with ⅔ vote of both houses


13. Who has the power to propose amendments to the Constitution of the United States?

- Congress can propose amendments with ⅔ vote of both houses


Executive Branch

President, Vice President, Cabinet

Enforces Laws


14. What is the length of a term of office for the president of the United States?

- 4 year term

- can be elected twice

- maximum 10 years


15. How old must one be to be elected president of the United States?

- at least 35 years old

Other qualifications:

- a natural born citizen

- 14 years a U.S. resident


16. Who has the power to approve or veto laws?

- President can veto or approves laws


17. Who has the power to make treaties with foreign countries?

- Executive branch makes treaties


18. Who has the power to nominate judges to the Supreme Court?

- President nominates Supreme Court judges


19. Who has the power to nominate ambassadors, public ministers, or other officers of the United States – such as members of the Cabinet?

- President nominates high officials and cabinet members


20. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of U.S. military forces?

- the President is Commander-in-Chief


Judicial Branch

Supreme Court and Federal Courts

Interprets Laws


21. What is the length of a term of office for the Justices of the United States Supreme Court?

- Supreme Court justices have a life term


22. Who has the power to review all laws and treaties of the United States?

- Judicial Branch review laws & treaties

- can declare laws unconstitutional


23. Who has the power to settle disputes involving the United States?

- Judicial branch settles problems involving the United States


24. Who has the power to settle disputes between different states?

- Judicial branch settles problems between states


25. Who presides over any impeachment trial of the president of the United States?

- the Chief Justice presides over impeachment trials


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