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The Three Branches of Government. Old TCI 2.3 Questions and Answers. Legislative Branch. Congress Makes the Laws. What is the length of a term of office for members of the U.S. House of Representatives? - two-year term for the House of Reps.

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The three branches of government

The Three BranchesofGovernment

Old TCI 2.3

Questions and Answers


Legislative branch

Legislative Branch

Congress

Makes the Laws



2. How old must one be to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives?

  • 25 years old to be in the House of Reps.

  • 7 years a citizen


3. Who has the power to propose a law to raise revenue (a tax law)?

- House of Representatives proposes tax laws


4. Who has the sole power of impeachment? tax law)?

- House of Representatives can impeach


5. What is the length of a term of office for members of the United States Senate?

- Senators have a 6 year term


6. How old must one be to be elected to the United States Senate?

- 30 years old to be senator

Also must be:

- 9 years a U.S. citizen


7. Who must approve people – like ambassadors, judges, and cabinet members - that the president appoints to government positions?

- the Senate approves high officials


8. Who must approve any treaties that are made with foreign countries?

- the Senate approves treaties


9. Who has the sole power to try (bring to trial) all impeachments?

- the Senate tries impeachments


10. Who has legislative (law-making) powers? impeachments?

- Congress makes laws

(the Legislative Branch)


11. Who has the power to declare war? impeachments?

- Congress can declare war


12. What can the legislative branch do if the president vetoes a bill?

- Can override the veto with ⅔ vote of both houses


13. Who has the power to propose amendments to the Constitution of the United States?

- Congress can propose amendments with ⅔ vote of both houses


Executive branch

Executive Branch Constitution of the United States?

President, Vice President, Cabinet

Enforces Laws


14. What is the length of a term of office for the president of the United States?

- 4 year term

- can be elected twice

- maximum 10 years


15. How old must one be to be elected president of the United States?

- at least 35 years old

Other qualifications:

- a natural born citizen

- 14 years a U.S. resident


16. Who has the power to approve or veto laws? United States?

- President can veto or approves laws


17. Who has the power to make treaties with foreign countries?

- Executive branch makes treaties


18. Who has the power to nominate judges to the Supreme Court?

- President nominates Supreme Court judges


19. Who has the power to nominate ambassadors, public ministers, or other officers of the United States – such as members of the Cabinet?

- President nominates high officials and cabinet members


20. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of U.S. military forces? ministers, or other officers of the United States – such as members of the Cabinet?

- the President is Commander-in-Chief


Judicial branch

Judicial Branch ministers, or other officers of the United States – such as members of the Cabinet?

Supreme Court and Federal Courts

Interprets Laws


21. What is the length of a term of office for the Justices of the United States Supreme Court?

- Supreme Court justices have a life term


22. Who has the power to review all laws and treaties of the United States?

- Judicial Branch review laws & treaties

- can declare laws unconstitutional


23. Who has the power to settle disputes involving the United States?

- Judicial branch settles problems involving the United States


24. Who has the power to settle disputes between different states?

- Judicial branch settles problems between states


25. Who presides over any impeachment trial of the president of the United States?

- the Chief Justice presides over impeachment trials


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