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THE MYTH: “we know what will make us happy” PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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By: Maria Gil. THE MYTH: “we know what will make us happy”. INTRO. we = very poor at imagining the consequences of both happy and sad events We = over-estimate both how unhappy we would be if something bad happened and also how happy we will be if something good happens 1.

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THE MYTH: “we know what will make us happy”

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By: Maria Gil

THE MYTH:“we know what will make us happy”


INTRO

  • we = very poor at imagining the consequences of both happy and sad events

  • We = over-estimate both how unhappy we would be if something bad happened

  • and also how happy we will be if something good happens1


FIRST OF ALL…DO WE KNOW WHAT MAKES US HAPPY IN THE FIRST PLACE?

  • materialistic things rarely

    determine long-term

    happiness

  • Happiness  determined by natural factors, awareness, and experiences

  • British philosophers John Locke and Jeremy Bentham claimed happiness is determined by the number of positive events experienced in life2


HUMAN BEHAVIOR IS JUST AN ATTEMPT TO ACHIEVE HAPPINESS

  • "positive hedonic experience" is what valuing means.

  • We can't say what's good without saying what it is good for

  • different individual experiences contain different amounts of happiness = basic dimension or basic component of experience

  • Experiences that have different amounts of happiness can feel completely different

  • So if we don’t even know what makes us happy in the first place, how will we know what will makes us happy in the future? 3


HOW WELL CAN THE HUMAN BRAIN PREDICT ITS OWN FUTURE FULFILLMENT?

  • We are fairly poor at predicting what

    will make us happy in the future

  • Modern people take the ability to imagine

    the future for granted

  • The part of our brain that allows us to create the future is one of nature's newest inventions

  • so it isn't surprising that when we try to use this new ability to imagine our futures, we make some errors

  • The main error = is that we vastly overestimate the hedonic (good or bad) consequences of any event.

  • we don't seem to learn all that much from our own experience.

  • To learn from experience requires  that we be able to remember it, and research shows that people are about as bad at remembering their past emotions as they are predicting their future emotions.

  • That's why we make the same errors again and again 3


GET THE BETTER IN THE FUTURE, LEAVE THE WRONG IN THE PAST

  • Negative emotions have important roles to play in our lives

  • because when people think about how terribly wrong things might go and find themselves feeling angry or afraid, they take actions to make sure that things go terribly right instead

  • Anxiety and fear  keeps us warned

  • Emotion  range that tells us what to do

  • Errors are bad - it is better to be able to predict the future than not

  • knowing what will make us happy increases our ability to reach it

  • We have brains that can foresee the future in a way that no other animal ever has

  • Foresight in general allows us to take a glance of the long-term consequences of our actions + to take events to avoid the bad ones and promote the good ones


VARIETY AND TIME

  • We're all told that variety is the spice of life

  • Research shows that people do tend to

    seek more variety than they should

  • We all think we should try a different doughnut

    every time we go to the shop, but the fact is that people are measurably happier when they have their favorite on every visit — provided the visits are sufficiently separated in time

  • If you had to eat 4 donuts in rapid succession  variety would certainly spice up your experience

  • But if you had to eat 4 donuts on 4 separate Mondays, variety would lower your overall enjoyment

  • The human brain has great difficulty reasoning about time


PRIMAL INNOCENCE

  • some people retain the romantic concept that human unhappiness results from the loss of our primal innocence

  • Every generation has the illusion that things were easier and better in a simpler past  but things are easier and better today than at any time in human history

  • If human kind flourishes  it will be because we embraced learning and reason


SOURCES

  • (http://www.kaizen-training.com/top-ten-myths-about-the-brain)

  • http://psychcentral.com/lib/2011/what-makes-us-happy/)

  • http://edge.org/conversation/the-science-of-happiness


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