Chapter 3 cinematography
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Chapter 3: Cinematography. Film Stock. Selection enables cinematographer to control Color reproduction Light sensitivity Contrast levels Sharpness Grain and resolution. Aspect Ratio. Classical Hollywood ratio (1.33:1) Widescreen ratios (1.85:1, 2.35:1) Anamorphic widescreen

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Chapter 3: Cinematography

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Chapter 3 cinematography

Chapter 3: Cinematography


Film stock

Film Stock

  • Selection enables cinematographer to control

    • Color reproduction

    • Light sensitivity

    • Contrast levels

    • Sharpness

    • Grain and resolution


Aspect ratio

Aspect Ratio

  • Classical Hollywood ratio (1.33:1)

  • Widescreen ratios (1.85:1, 2.35:1)

    • Anamorphic widescreen

  • Video conversion

    • Pan-and-scan

    • Letterbox (hard matte)


Lighting design

Lighting Design

  • Realistic lighting

    • Simulates a source visible on screen

      • Practical

  • Pictorial lighting

    • Emphasizes visual effects more than source simulation

    • Thematic symbolism


Hard and soft light

Hard and Soft Light

  • Hard light

    • Directional

    • High contrast, fast falloff

  • Soft light

    • Diffuse, non-directional

    • Slow falloff, lower contrast


Lighting set ups high and low key

Lighting set-ups: High and Low Key

  • Classic 3-point lighting:

    • Key, fill, back lights

  • High key:

    • Low ratio between key and fill

    • Even illumination, few shadows

  • Low key:

    • High ratio between key and fill

    • Large areas of frame left underexposed

    • Shadows


Functions of color cinematography

Functions of Color Cinematography

  • Convey symbolic meaning

  • Establish narrative organization

  • Convey mood and tone


Cinematography and digital effects

Cinematography and Digital Effects

  • Compositing of live action and digital effects

    • Cinematography provides the live action components

      • Motion control camerwork

      • Greenscreening

  • Computer-generated images (CGI)


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