First Aid. Steele Canyon High School ENS Department. First Aid Overview and Objectives. Basic review of common health issues that you may encounter in day to day life Sensible approach to understanding causative factors Care and treatment of various disease processes
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Steele Canyon High School ENS Department
Scary enough to look at…
Imagine if it was on YOUR face!
Life Threatening disease process…to both children and adults!
If you're with someone who is having an allergic reaction and shows signs of shock caused by anaphylaxis, act fast. Signs and symptoms of shock caused by anaphylaxis include pale, cool and clammy skin, weak and rapid pulse, trouble breathing, confusion, and loss of consciousness. Even if you're not sure symptoms are caused by anaphylaxis, take the following steps immediately:
Is anyone in danger?
If yes, can the danger be easily managed? If it cannot, call for the emergency help and protect the scene.Move the quietest victim first (Usually this is a telling sign)
Gently shakes the shoulders and ask him or her a question.
If there is a response, treat any life-threatening condition before checking the next person.
If there is no response, check the airway.
**An unconscious person is always at risk of the airway becoming blocked by the tongue. There is also the possibility of choking on vomit. If there is mouth or internal injuries, a person may a choking on blood.
Most unconscious people are safest if placed in the
recovery position while waiting for help to arrive.
This position keeps the airway open
and allows liquids to drain from
ASSESSING A VICTIM
If somebody is unconscious
but breathing, your priorities are:
to ensure that they stay breathing by
keeping the airway; unblocked and
regularly looking, listening,
and feeling for breaths;
to treat any life-threatening injuries such as serious bleeding; and to call for an emergency help.
HOW TO MOVE AN ADULT INTO THE RECOVERY POSITION
1. Kneel beside the victim. Ensure the airway is open by lifting the chin and tilting the head. Make sure both legs are straight, then place the arm nearest to you straight from the victim’s body.2. Bring the arm furthest away from you across the victim’s chest and hold the back of the hand against the cheek nearest to you.3. With your other hand, grasp the far leg just above the knee and pull it up, keeping the foot flat on the ground.4. Keeping the victim’s hand pressed against his or her cheek, pull on the far leg and roll the victim toward you and on to his or her side. 5. Tilt the head back so that the airway remains open. Call for emergency help if this has not already been done. Check the breathing regularly
If the victim has been involved in an accident that involved a lot of force, such as a fall, tackle, strike from a blunt force object, or automobile accident, the back or neck may be injured. The priority in an unconscious person will always be ABC. If you suspect a person may have a neck or back injury, or other broken bones, you may wish to adjust the recovery position to minimize movement. Gently move the head to a position where vomit or blood can drain out. If you are concerned about breathing the person must be moved into a safer position.
The priorities for an unconscious child are to ensure that the child stays breathing by keeping the airway clear, and to call 911. If an unconscious child is breathing, do a quick check for life-threatening injuries and treat if necessary, then turn the victim into the recovery position.HOW TO MOVE A CHILD INTO THE RECOVERY POSITION
1. Kneel beside the child. Ensure the airway is open by lifting the chin and tilting the head. Make sure both legs are straight, then place the arm nearest to you to straight out from the child’s body, with the elbow bent and the palm placing upward.2. Bring the arm furthest away from you across the child’s chest and hold the back of the hand against the cheek nearest you.3. With your other hand, grasp the child’s far leg just above the knee and pull it up, keeping the foot flat on the ground.4. Keeping the child’s hand pressed against her cheek, pull on the far leg and roll the child toward you and to her side.
5. Tilt the head back so that the airway remains open.
Burns can be
Treatment. For third-degree burns, go to the hospital right away. Don't take off any clothing that is stuck to the burn. Don't soak the burn in water or apply any ointment (do NOT use any home remedies…that involve food... No lemon juice, mayonnaise, Crisco, ice cubes,etc.). You can cover the burn with a sterile bandage or clean cloth until you receive medical assistance.
Multiple skin layers involved
Do not walk through fire!
Bruises ( Contusion, Ecchymosis, Hematoma)
People on blood thinners should be especially cautious with bruising!
They only look bad, and are not life threatening!
Cut and Scrapesand a Gnarly Head Laceration!Definitely needs sutures…Definitely needs a head CT..Definitely won’t be growing hair here for quite some time!
Low blood sugar level has a quick and serious effect on the brain. Most commonly it is caused by somebody with diabetes either taking too much insulin, or taking the right amount of insulin and then either not eating enough or burning off sugar through vigorous exercise.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
History of diabetes (sometimes a diabetic suffering a hypoglycemia attack is often confused or aggressive and may not admit to having a diabetes)
Feeling faint or dizzy
Strange behavior: confusion, aggression, or even violence
Pale, cold, sweaty skin
Rapid loss of unconsciousness
Evidence of diabetes, e.g. medic alert, sugar solution, or syringe in pocket
Evidence of recent heavy exercise or drinking
If the person is unconscious, watch the airway and breathing, respond 911. If the person is fully conscious, help him to sit down or to lie down with the shoulders raised. Give something high in sugar and easy to consume, such as chocolate or a sugary drink. If this marks an improvement, give more. If the condition does not improve, seek medical advice. Stay with the person until he recovers. If the condition continues to deteriorate or does not improve, call 911.
Can I park my
3 ton helicopter
I’ll just be a minute!!
This is as real as it gets..
Like those on Mercy Air
hour by hour …
To address the consequences
Of EVERY action you make!
Someone is drowning
Notify a lifeguard, adult, teacher, if one is close. If not, ask someone to call 911.
If you are alone, follow the steps below.
2. Take the person out of the water.
3. Check for Breathing
Place your ear next to the person's mouth and nose. Do you feel air on your cheek?
Look to see if the person's chest is moving.
4. If the Person is Not Breathing, Check Pulse
Check the person's pulse for 10 seconds.
5. If There is No Pulse, Start CPR
Carefully place person on back.
For an adult or child, place the heel of one hand on the center of the chest at the nipple line. You can also push with one hand on top of the other. For an infant, place two fingers on the breastbone.
For an adult or child, press down about 2 inches. Make sure not to press on ribs. For an infant, press down about 1 inch. Make sure not to press on end of breastbone.
Do 30 chest compressions, at the rate of 100 per minute or more. Let the chest rise completely between pushes.
Check to see if the person has started breathing.
6. Repeat if Person Is Still Not Breathing
If you've been trained in CPR, you can now open the airway by tilting the head back and lifting the chin. Pinch the nose of the victim closed. Take a normal breath, cover the victim's mouth with yours to create an airtight seal, and then give 2 one-second breaths as you watch for the chest to rise.
Give 2 breaths followed by 30 chest compressions.
Continue this cycle of 30 compressions and 2 breaths until the person starts breathing or emergency help arrives.
attempt a water rescue of a
drowning person by
jumping in the water….
if you have not been trained!
AND NEVER…EVER attempt an in-water rescue
If you can not swim!
ONLY Use Rescue Aides!!
out through the
Administering the right first aid procedures when dealing with eye injury is vital in preventing permanent damage and even blindness.
Symptoms of a
Keep the person still. Until medical help arrives, keep the person who sustained the injury lying down and quiet. Don't move the person unless necessary and avoid moving the person's neck.
the head with a stick will do it too…
This medical condition is also known as a myocardial infarction and it is a situation where a coronary artery from the heart is totally blocked . The cardiac muscle is not getting enough blood. It is a very serious situation, one which can result in death very quickly. In fact, it is the number one cause of death in adults in North America.
the upper body.
I am fairly certain…this does NOT belong here!
A seizure is a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain that usually affects how a person feels or acts for a short time.
Some seizures are hardly noticed. During other seizures,
the person may become unconscious, fall to the floor, and jerk violently for several minutes.
Many people (including some people with seizures) think that the only real seizures are ones with strong, uncontrolled movements. However, this is not true. All interruptions in electrical brain activity big or small, are seizures.
Seizure therapies include neurological workups to determine the cause of the seizures.
Medications to control the outward signs of the seizure.
Identified seizure foci on a head scan..see the arrows??
WHAT HAPPENS IN CASES OF SHOCK
Shock states do not wait for the best time…or appropriate place!
Be ready to think quick and act fast!
1. Control Swelling With RICE Therapy (Not REAL rice….)
Rest the sprained or strained area. If necessary, use a sling for an arm injury or crutches for a leg or foot injury. Splint an injured finger or toe by taping it to a finger or toe.
Ice for 20 minutes every hour. Never apply ice directly to skin.
Compress by wrapping an elastic (Ace) bandage or sleeve lightly (not tightly) around the joint or limb.
Elevate the area above heart level.
2. Manage Pain and Inflammation
Over-the-counter pain meds work well, like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or aspirin. Do not give aspirin to anyone under age 18. Tylenol can be a good choice.
3. See a Health Care Provider
All but minor strains and sprains should be evaluated by a health care provider. Consult a health care provider as soon as possible if there are symptoms of a possible broken bone:
There is a "popping" sound with the injury.
The person can't move the injured joint or limb.
The limb buckles when the injured joint is used.
There is numbness.
There is significant swelling, pain, fever, or open cuts.
4. Follow Up
Continue RICE for 24 to 48 hours.
The health care provider may need to immobilize the limb or joint with a splint, cast, or other device until healing is complete.
Facial droop usually on one side of the face only…
Thank you for your attention…