Egypt initiates reform
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Egypt Initiates Reform. Egypt makes political and social reform to block the Europeans Egypt’s location plays important role in France and Britain actions Muhammad Ali leader of Egypt Fought battles to gain control of Syria & Arabia. Muhammad Ali. Recognized as hereditary rulers of Egypt

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Egypt Initiates Reform

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Egypt initiates reform

Egypt Initiates Reform

  • Egypt makes political and social reform to block the Europeans

  • Egypt’s location plays important role in France and Britain actions

  • Muhammad Ali leader of Egypt

  • Fought battles to gain control of Syria & Arabia


Muhammad ali

Muhammad Ali

  • Recognized as hereditary rulers of Egypt

  • Reforms in military and economy

  • Shift in agriculture to plantation cash crop (cotton)

  • Loss of food hurt the peasants


Suez canal

Suez Canal

  • Ali’s grandson constructed the Suez Canal to modernize Egypt

  • Connects Red Sea to Mediterranean

  • Built with French money

  • Opened 1869

  • Projects became to costly

  • British took financial control of the canal


Persia changing

Persia Changing

  • Britain & Russia competed for Persia

  • Russia wanted to control Persian Gulf & the Indian Ocean

  • Britain interest increased after the finding of oil 1908

  • Persia lack capital to develop its resources


Persia changing1

Persia Changing

  • Persia granted concessions to Western business to raise money

  • Gave the right to operate in a certain area or develop a certain product

  • Ex: Anglo-Persian Oil Company


Battle over tabacco

Battle over Tabacco

  • Tension between corrupt rulers & people

  • People feared change

  • Rulers wanted to sell all concessions to Europe

  • Jamal al-Din al-Afghani called for a boycott

  • Riots broke out and forced cancel concessions


Battle over tabacco1

Battle over Tabacco

  • In 1906 a group of revolutionaries forced the ruler to establish a constitution

  • In 1907 Russia & Britain took over the country and divided into spheres of influence

  • In Muslim lands, European imperialists gained control by using economic imperialism to create spheres of influence

  • India grew because of imperialist Britain


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