WP5.2: Variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the Mediterranean region
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WP5.2: Variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the Mediterranean region Simon Krichak (TAU). The role of NAO. Monthly Mediterranean precipitation is affected by the main teleconnection regimes (NAO, EA/WR , ENSO, etc.) acting over Europe.

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WP5.2: Variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the Mediterranean region

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Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

WP5.2: Variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the Mediterranean region

Simon Krichak (TAU)


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

The role of NAO


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

Monthly Mediterranean precipitation is

affected by the main teleconnection regimes

(NAO, EA/WR , ENSO, etc.) acting over Europe.

It is also strongly influenced by the variations in

the positioning and intensity of upper troposphere

jets, PV streamers, coherent tropopause

disturbances as well as air moisture transport

and convergence

all these factors are sensitive to the effects of

topography of the region.


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

  • - Krichak, S.O., M. Tsidulko, Alpert, P. (2000) November 2, 1994 Severe Storms in the Southeastern Mediterranean, Atmospheric Research, 53, 45-62.

  • - . Krichak, S.O., M. Tsidulko and P. Alpert (2000) Monthly Synoptic Patterns Associated with Wet/Dry Eastern Mediterranean Conditions. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 65, 215-229.

  • -. Krichak S.O., P. Kishcha and P. Alpert (2002) Decadal Trends of Main Eurasian Oscillations and the Mediterranean Precipitation, Teor. Appl. Climatol., 72, 29-220.

  • - Krichak, S.O., P. Alpert (2005) Signatures of the NAO in the atmospheric circulation during wet winter months over the Mediterranean region, Teor. Appl. Climatol. 82(1-2),27-39.

  • - Alpert, P., Price, C., Krichak, S., Ziv, B, Saaroni, H., Osetinsky, I. (2006) Mediterranean climate and some tropical teleconnections, Nuovo Cimento Della Societa Italiana Di Fisica C-Geophysics and Space Physics 29 (1): 89-97.

  • . Alpert, P., C. Price, SO Krichak, B. Ziv, H. Saaroni, I. Osetinski, J. Barkan, P. Kishcha, (2005) Tropical teleconnections to the Mediterranean climate and weather, Advances in Geosciences, 2, 157– 160, SRef-ID: 1680-7359/adgeo/2005-2-157.


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

NAO-: 1958-1972

NAO+:1979-1993


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

Western Mediterranean


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

NAO-

NAO+

NAO+

NAO-


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

NAO-

NAO+

NAO-

NAO+


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

EasternMediterranean


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

NAO-

NAO+

NAO+

NAO-


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

NAO-

NAO+

NAO-

NAO+


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

The role of PV anomalies at the tropopause

(coherent tropopause disturbances and PV streamers)


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

Israeli floods of 3-4 December 2001


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

.- Krichak, S.O., P. Alpert and M. Dayan (2004) Role of atmospheric processes associated with hurricane Olga in December 2001 flash floods in Israel. J. Hydrometeorol., vol. 5, no. 6. pp. 1259-1270.

- Krichak, S.O., P. Alpert, M. Dayan, (2007) A southeastern Mediterranean PV streamer and  its role in December 2001 case with torrential rains in Israel, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 1-12.

- Krichak,S.O., P. Alpert, K. Bassat, P. Kunin (2007) The surface climatology obtained in a three-member ensemble simulation of the present-day (1961-1990) climate of the eastern Mediterranean region, Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO), (submitted).


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

5/12/01 06Z

98

151

8

67

6

29

98+151=249 mm


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

Another extreme event of the same period in the Atlantic

Tropical – extratropical storm – hurricane Olga


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

Hurricane OLGA

hurricane since 12:00 UTC Nov. 26; peak intensity at 06:00 UTC Nov. 27, 2001


Pv ertel

PV (Ertel)

PV =

- relative vorticity in isentropic coordinates

Minus sign: makes PV positive since pressure decreases upward

f – planetary vorticity

PV - absolute vorticity times static stability


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

Coherent tropopause disturbance

Eastward propagation of the CTD is associated with advection of positive PV in lower troposphere

WNDT – deep layer wind shear i.e. wind at DT minus wind at 700 hPa

Strong WNDT zones indicate areas with intense convection


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

PV - streamer


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

PV - streamer


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

This WP is devoted to the understanding of the synoptic (physical) nature of the relations between the "secondary" factors listed and the variations in precipitation intensity over the region.


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

First, the jets influence the direction of synoptic scale features (also affected by topography).

Second, jets contribute to formation of upper level divergence and convergence zones.

Thirdly, they can influence moisture transport.

Finally, the jets can influence stability and be responsible for the (usually affected by topography) gravity wave formation.


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

It is expected that these relationships will also be changed with the global warming. We will thus provide a comprehensive image of the Mediterranean precipitation for both current climate and future climate.


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

Main targets:

(1) identification and analysis of the factors influencing the western Mediterranean precipitation (Task 5.2.1);

(2) identification and analysis of the factors influencing the eastern Mediterranean precipitation (Task 5.2.2);

Organization of strong cooperation with RL6 (and in particular WP6.3 [Ricardo Trigo]) will be important

This WP is also in strong interaction with other RLs of the CIRCE by using the data from global and regional climate modeling (links to RL1, RL2, RL4, RL5 and RL6).


Wp5 2 variations in the precipitation component of the water cycle in the mediterranean region

Correct version of July 27 2006

Mistake in final (March 2007) version


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