S3 standard grade pe
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S3 Standard Grade PE. Fitness. D Morton 07. Revision Today. What aspects of fitness have we covered so far?. Flexibility Speed Cardio-respiratory endurance Strength. What have we still to cover?. Local muscular Endurance. Flexibility. What is flexibility?. The range of movement

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S3 Standard Grade PE

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S3 Standard Grade PE

Fitness

D Morton 07


Revision Today


What aspects of fitness have we covered so far?

  • Flexibility

  • Speed

  • Cardio-respiratory endurance

  • Strength


What have we still to cover?

  • Local muscular Endurance


Flexibility

  • What is flexibility?

The range of movement

across a joint


How did we test our flexibility?

  • Sit and reach

  • Trunk extension

  • Shoulder reach


Why do you test your level of flexibility?

  • To see what we have to work on to improve

  • To set a good training programme to improve our flexibility


What sports is it important to have good flexibility?

  • Gymnastics

  • The splits –flexibility in the hip joint allows the legs to stretch further


Cardio-respiratory Endurance


Cardio-respiratory Endurance

  • The ability of the heart and the lungs to work for a long period of time


How does this happen?

  • The heart and lungs can take in, transport and use OXYGEN efficiently


How did we test our CRE fitness?

The Beep test

  • Ability to run over a long period of time without getting tired

  • It showed who had the best CRE fitness in the class


Pulse

  • Our pulse is a measure of our heart beat


Pulse

  • Why do we measure our pulse?

  • A fit persons resting pulse rate is roughly between 35 and 50 beats per minute?

  • If my resting pulse is 90 beats per minute am I fit or unfit?


Strength


What is strength?

  • The maximum force you can apply to something

  • E.g the stronger you are= the bigger the force you can


How do we test strength?

  • The Maximum weight you can lift in one go

  • E.g the heaviest kg’s you can lift on a machine in the fitness room


How can you train for strength?

  • In the fitness room, weight machines

  • High weight (KG’s), low number of times you lift the weight

  • 50 kg lift x 7


When is it important to be strong in sport?

  • Activity= rugby

  • Skill= tackle

  • How is strength important?

    The stronger your legs and upper body are, the greater the FORCE you can apply to your opponent and you can bring them to the ground easier


Power


Power is…

  • A combination of strength and speed


How did we test power?

  • Standing long jump

  • Vertical jump


Jumping involves power in the legs

  • Strength and speed in the leg muscles


When is power important?


Muscles and joints

  • What are the main joints in the body used in a game of a football?


Still to cover

  • Circuit training

  • Local muscular endurance

  • Beep test

  • Skeleton


Types of joints


Muscles involved


TRICEP

BICEP

DELTOID

PECTORIALS

LATS

ABDOMINALS

GLUTEUS MAXIMUS (BOTTOM)

ADDUCTOR (GROIN)

HAMSTRING

QUADRICEP

CALF


Biceps and triceps

  • How do they work together when you take a penalty kick?


  • Bones provide:

  • The basic shape and structure of the body

  • Provide support

  • Protect vital organs e.g heart


Skeletal framework also has:

  • Cartilage

  • Synovial fluid

  • Ligament

  • Tendons

These are all present at a joint


Cartilage

  • Where do you think there is cartilage in your body?

  • Your knee, ear, nose


What does the cartilage do?

  • Covers the ends of bones

  • Acts as a shock absorber

  • Reduces the friction between bones


Synovial fluid

  • Thin layer of liquid produced to help lubricate a joint and reduce friction


Ligament

  • Ligaments are a connective tissue

  • Made of strong tissue

  • Join bone to bone

  • Prevent a joint over stretching


TENDONS

  • Tendons are also a connective tissue

  • A tendon joins muscle to bone


Recap

  • Ligament joins bone to bone

  • Tendon joins muscle to bone


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