Ict policy regulatory framework
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ICT POLICY & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ICT POLICY & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK. ICT POLICY FRAMEWORK. POLICIES GOVERNING TELECOM SECTOR THE FIRST ATTEMPT TO FORMALIZE A POLICY STATEMENT WAS MADE IN 1994 WHEN THE NATIONAL TELECOM POLICY 1994 (NTP 94) WAS ANNOUNCED

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ICT POLICY & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

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Ict policy regulatory framework

ICT POLICY & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


Ict policy framework

ICT POLICY FRAMEWORK


Ict policy regulatory framework

POLICIES GOVERNING TELECOM SECTOR

  • THE FIRST ATTEMPT TO FORMALIZE A POLICY STATEMENT WAS MADE IN 1994 WHEN THE NATIONAL TELECOM POLICY 1994 (NTP 94) WAS ANNOUNCED

  • THE TELECOM SECTOR IS PRESENTLY GUIDED BY NEW TELECOM POLICY 1999 (NTP 99) AND BROADBAND POLICY 2004.

  • A NEW TELECOM POLICY (NTP 2011) IS ON THE ANVIL


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • IT WAS THROUGH THE POLICY INITIATIVE NTP 94 THAT THE DIRECT ROLE OF PRIVATE SECTOR IN TELECOM SERVICES IN INDIA WAS PROMOTED FOR THE FIRST TIME

  • THIS DECISION WAS PROMPTED BY THE REALIZATION THAT THE INVESTMENT FUNDING NEEDED BY THE SECTOR COULD NOT BE GENERATED IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR DOMAIN ONLY


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • THROUGH A BIDDING PROCESS LICENSES FOR FIXED LINE SERVICE AND MOBILE SERVICES WERE GIVEN OUT TO PRIVATE OPERATORS IN VARIOUS CIRCLES

  • A REVIEW FIVE YEARS LATER CONCLUDED THAT MAJOR CHANGES IN APPROACH WERE NECESSARY BECAUSE THE RESULTS ACHIEVED WERE NOT QUITE SATISFACTORY


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • NTP 99

    THE KEY ELEMENTS OF THIS POLICY INCLUDED:

    • INTRODUCTION OF REVENUE SHARE REGIME IN PLACE OF UPFRONT PAYMENT OF LICENSE REGIME

    • INTRODUCTION OF CONCEPT OF CONVERGENCE THROUGH REDEFINING OF LICENSE CATEGORIES SUCH AS ACCESS SERVICES LICENSE, ETC.


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • CHANGEOVER FROM DUOPOLY REGIME IN WIRELESS MOBILE SERVICES TO MULTIPLE OPERATOR REGIME

  • FORMALLY DEFINING THE CONCEPT OF UNIVERSAL SERVICE AND UNIVERSAL SERVICE LEVY


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • IN 2003 AN AMENDMENT WAS CARRIED OUT AND THE CONCEPT OF TECHNOLOGY NEUTRALITY IN MOBILE SERVICES WAS ADDED TO THE POLICY

  • BASED ON TRAI RECOMMENDATIONS, THE CONCEPT OF UNIFIED LICENSING WAS ACCEPTED AND LICENSE CATEGORY OF UNIFIED ACCESS SERVICE LICENSE WAS INTRODUCED AS A FIRST STEP


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • BROADBAND POLICY 2004

    KEY ELEMENTS OF THIS POLICY ARE:

    • THE IDENTIFICATION OF TECHNOLOGIES WHICH COULD BE USED IN THE COUNTRY FOR PROMOTING BROADBAND PENETRATION

    • SETTING DOWN OBJECTIVES AT VARIOUS TIMELINES

    • DOT IS HAVING A RELOOK AT THE POLICY IN VIEW OF ITS INADEQUATE SUCCESS


Ict policy regulatory framework

BROADBAND POLICY REVIEW IS BEING DONE ON THE BASIS OF RECOMMENDATIONS RECEIVED FROM THE REGULATOR IN DECEMBER 2010.

KEY FEATURES ARE:

  • POTENTIAL USERS HAVE INADEQUATE PERCEPTION OF UTILITY OF BROADBAND

  • WIRELESS BASED BROADBAND SERVICES ARE NOT AVAILABLE


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • HUGE POTENTIAL EXISTS FOR EXPLOITATION OF BROADBAND FOR e-EDUCATION, e-HEALTH, e-COMMERCE, e-BANKING, e-GOVERNANCE, e-ENTERTAINMENT AND SOCIAL NETWORKING

  • FRESH HIGHLY AGGRESSIVE TARGETS (75 MILLION BY 2012 AND 160 MILLION BY 2014) HAVE BEEN SUGGESTED

  • RECOMMENDATION IS TO CREATE NATIONWIDE OFC NETWORK PARTLY FUNDED FROM USO FUND


Ict policy regulatory framework

POLICIES GOVERNING IT SECTOR

  • THE DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY DRAWS UP POLICIES RELATING TO THE IT AND ELECTRONICS SECTOR

  • ISSUES RELATING TO INTERNET, CYBER LAWS AND ADMINISTRATION OF THE IT ACT AND ALL LAWS RELATING TO IT ARE COVERED

  • IT ALSO LOOKS AFTER STANDARDISATION, TESTING AND QUALITY ASSURANCE IN IT INDUSTRY.


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • THE POLICIES HAVE BEEN FORMULATED TO ENSURE e-DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTRY THROUGH INFRASTRUCTURE CREATION FOR e-GOVERNANCE AND PROMOTION OF ELECTRONICS, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND IT ENABLED SERVICES (“ITeS”)

  • POLICIES HAVE BEEN DRAWN UP TO PROMOTE e-MEDICINE, e- EDUCATION AND e-SECURITY


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • THE INITIAL THRUST IN THE IT POLICIES WAS THE PROMOTION OF ITeS, INCLUDING BPO INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT AND SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND EXPORT

  • A MAJOR POLICY THRUST WAS THE SETTING UP OF SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGY PARKS (“STPS”) WHICH PROVIDED THE NECESSARY INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SOFTWARE AND ITeS DEVELOPMENT

  • POLICY INITIATIVES WERE ALSO TAKEN TO DEVELOP HIGHLY TRAINED MANPOWER AND COMMERCIAL POLICIES THAT AIDED THE GROWTH OF THE IT SECTOR


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • THE THRUST OF THE IT POLICY FRAMEWORK IS NOW AROUND THE DEVELOPMENT OF e-GOVERNANCE

  • AN ELABORATE NATIONAL e-GOVERNANCE PLAN (“NeGP”) HAS BEEN DRAWN AND SINCE ITS APPROVAL BY THE GOVERNMENT IT SERVES AS THE POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR THE IT SECTOR


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • THE KEY CONSIDERATION IN THE POLICY FORMULATION FOR ACHIEVING e-GOVERNANCE IMPLEMENTATION ACROSS THE VARIOUS ARMS OF GOVERNMENT AT NATIONAL, STATE AND LOCAL LEVELS IS THAT FOR SUCH A VASTLY SPREAD OUT AND GIGANTIC TASK, IT IS ESSENTIAL TO HAVE A ‘PROGRAMME APPROACH’ GUIDED BY A COMMON VISION AND STRATEGY


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • 27 MISSION MODE PROJECTS COVERING AREAS SUCH AS BANKING, PASSPORT, INSURANCE, AGRICULTURE, e-PROCUREMENT, ETC THROUGH STATE DATA CENTRES, STATE WIDE AREA NETWORKS (“SWANS”) AND CUSTOMER SERVICE CENTRES HAVE BEEN TAKEN UP


Regulatory framework

REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


Ict policy regulatory framework

REGULATORY FRAMEWORK IN TELECOM SECTOR

SINCE 1997, WHEN THE TELECOM REGULATORY AUTHORITY OF INDIA ACT 1997 WAS PASSED BY THE PARLIAMENT, THE TELECOM SECTOR IS REGULATED BY A STATUTORY INDEPENDENT BODY NAMELY TRAI WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF POLICIES DETERMINED BY THE GOVERNMENT THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF TELECOM (DOT)


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • GOVERNMENT DECIDED TO SEPARATE THE QUASI JUDICIAL FUNCTIONS OF TRAI AND IN 2000 IT AMENDED THE TRAI ACT 1997

  • THE QUASI JUDICIARY POWERS OF TRAI WERE TAKEN OUT AND VESTED THEM IN A SEPARATE APELLATE BODY CALLED TELECOM DISPUTE SETTLEMENT AND APELLATE TRIBUNAL (TDSAT)

  • AS A RESULT THE PRESENT REGULATORY FRAMEWORK IN TELECOM SECTOR CONSISTS OF TWO BODIES NAMELY TRAI AND TDSAT


Ict policy regulatory framework

TRAI FUNCTIONS INCLUDE EITHER THOSE REGARDING WHICH IT HAS POWERS OF RECOMMENDATION ONLY OR THOSE WHERE IT IS THE FINAL AUTHORITY SUBJECT TO PARLIAMENTARY REVIEW

IN EITHER CASE THE NORMAL OPERATING PROCEDURE OF TRAI IS THROUGH THE PROCESS OF PUBLIC CONSULTATION IN LINE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THE ACT WHICH INSIST UPON TOTAL TRANSPARENCY OF THE DECISION MAKING PROCESS


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • POWERS OF RECOMMENDATION ONLY.

    MOSTLY RELATES TO POLICY AND LICENSING ISSUES AND COVERS ISSUES SUCH AS NEED AND TIMING FOR THE INTRODUCTION OF NEW SERVICE PROVIDER, TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SERVICE PROVIDER LICENSE AND REVOCATION OF THE LICENSE IF SOME TERMS AND CONDITIONS ARE VIOLATED, MEASURES TO PROMOTE COMPETITION, EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT OF SPECTRUM AND SOME TECHNOLOGY RELATED ISSUES


Ict policy regulatory framework

  • TRAI AS FINAL AUTHORITY

    INCLUDES ISSUES SUCH AS ENSURING COMPLIANCE OF LICENSE CONDITIONS, INTERCONNECTION ISSUES, REVENUE SHARING BETWEEN OPERATORS, LAYING DOWN QOS STANDARDS AND NORMS, ENSURING EFFECTIVE COMPLIANCE OF UNIVERSAL SERVICE OBLIGATION, LEVYING FEES AND OTHER CHARGES AND DETERMINING THE RATES THROUGH REGULATION, ETC.


Ict policy regulatory framework

THE MAIN TASK ASSIGNED TO THE TDSAT IS TO ADJUDICATE ANY DISPUTE BETWEEN A LICENSOR (DOT) AND A LICENSEE, BETWEEN TWO OR MORE SERVICE PROVIDERS OR BETWEEN A SERVICE PROVIDER AND A GROUP OF CONSUMERS. THE OTHER MAJOR TASK ASSIGNED IS TO HEAR AND DISPOSE OF APPEAL AGAINST ANY DIRECTION, REGULATION, DECISION OR ORDER OF TRAI


Ict policy regulatory framework

REGULATORY FRAMEWORK IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECTOR

IN THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SECTOR THERE IS NO SEPARATE REGULATOR AND THE DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PERFORMS THE REGULATORY FUNCTIONS.

GUIDANCE IS PROVIDED BY THE IT ACT


Thanks

THANKS


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