1 2 the roman republic and empire
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1.2 The Roman Republic and Empire. I. Establishing a Republic. A. A New Government. The Romans drove out the Eturscans and established a Republic Republic- people choose officials, “thing of the people” Consuls-elected officials who supervise business of government

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A a new government
A. A New Government

  • The Romans drove out the Eturscans and established a Republic

  • Republic- people choose officials, “thing of the people”

  • Consuls-elected officials who supervise business of government

  • Dictator-ruler who has complete control over the government


B common people demand equality
B. Common People Demand Equality

  • Common people- “plebeians”

  • Gained right to elect tribunes

  • Tribunes-officials elected by the plebeians, have veto power

  • Veto-power to block laws



A continuing conquest
A. Continuing Conquest

  • Rome conquered an Empire that stretched around the Mediterranean Sea, including Carthage

  • Carthage- a city-state on the north coast of Africa that ruled a large empire

  • Rome prospered through this conquest


B julius ceaser augustus ceaser
B. Julius Ceaser/Augustus Ceaser

  • Julius Ceaser- a military commander who forced the Senate to make him a dictator

  • Augustus Ceaser-absolute power Emperor, created a well trained civil service, opened jobs to all men of talent

  • PaxRomana- “Roman Peace” under Augustus= good times for Rome



A laws and justinian s code
A. Laws and Justinian’s Code

  • Law of Twelve Tables- written laws displayed in the common area

  • Rome had a set of laws for Roman Citizens only called Civil Law and a set of laws for everyone including conquered territories, this was called the Law of Nations

  • Common principles- innocent till proven guilty, ect. From Rome

  • Justinian’s Code-Emperor Justinian reformed the Roman Law code



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