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Safety Equipment. Minimum required equipment – required to be aboard by law Required varies depending on the type and size of vessel SBG pg 22- 29 covers every type of pleasure craft from a paddleboat to 80 footers Transport Canada divides the equipment into five sections

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Safety Equipment

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Safety equipment

Safety Equipment

  • Minimum required equipment – required to be aboard by law

    • Required varies depending on the type and size of vessel

    • SBG pg 22- 29 covers every type of pleasure craft from a paddleboat to 80 footers

    • Transport Canada divides the equipment into five sections

  • Recommended Safety Equipment – better equipped to deal with other situations

Advantage Boating, 2011


Personal lifesaving appliances

Personal Lifesaving Appliances

  • Lifejacket or PFD per person

  • Buoyant Heaving Line

  • Lifebuoy with buoyant line

  • Lifebuoy with self-igniting light and/or buoyant line

  • Re-boarding device

Advantage Boating, 2011


Pla lifejacket vs pfd

PLA – Lifejacket vs. PFD

  • PFDs

    • More comfortable to wear

    • Wider range of colours and styles

    • Will assist you in the water – does not turn you on your back

  • Lifejackets

    • Bulky to wear

    • Only come in three colours – red, orange and yellow

    • Will roll you face up

    • 3 different levels of approved jackets (SBG pg 33)

Advantage Boating, 2011


Pla rules on inflatables

PLA - Rules on Inflatables

  • 16 yrs and older

  • Heavier than 36.3 kg (80lbs)

  • Not on PWCs

  • Not for white water paddling activities

  • You have to be wearing an inflatable PFD for it to be counted as “approved” on an open boat.

  • If the boat is not open then you only need to wear it while you’re on deck.

Advantage Boating, 2011


Pla throwing aids

PLA – Throwing Aids

  • Heaving Line

    • A minimum of 15m for all vessels

  • Lifebuoy/Ringbuoy

    • Must be at least 610 mm in diameter

    • Must have a heaving line attached of the minimum required length!

Advantage Boating, 2011


Pla ladder

PLA - Ladder

  • Re-boarding device

    • Required when your vessel has over 0.5 m of freeboard

    • Definition of Freeboard

      The measurement from the waterline to deck level.

Advantage Boating, 2011


Vessel safety equipment

Vessel Safety Equipment

  • Manual propelling device

  • Bailer or manual bilge pump

    • Manual Bilge Pump – must reach the bilge and then overboard

    • Required for all boat types

  • Anchor with rode attached

    • Length of rode depends on the size of the vessel

Advantage Boating, 2011


Visual signals

Visual Signals

  • Watertight flashlight

  • Flares

    • Vessel length & area of navigation determines the required number: 3 or 6 or 12

    • Good for 4 yrs. from date of manufacture

    • 4 Types (SBG pg 38)

    • Before using read the instructions

    • Storage – vertically, cool & dry

Advantage Boating, 2011


Navigation equipment

Navigation Equipment

  • Sound Signal

  • Magnetic Compass

  • Radar Reflector

    • At least 4m above the vessel waterline

  • Navigation Lights

Advantage Boating, 2011


Ne navigation lights

NE - Navigation Lights

  • Lights On

    • From Sunset to Sunrise

    • And/or at times of restricted visibility

  • Light Types

    • Side lights – Port & Starboard (112.5 degree)

    • Masthead (forward facing 225 degree)

    • Stern (aft facing 135 degrees)

    • All-Round (360 degrees)

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights at anchor

Lights at Anchor

A pleasure craft less than 50m at anchor.

The black ball is known as a “dayshape”

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights rowboat

Lights - Rowboat

Should be shown on the approach of other vessels.

A kayaker at night should use a white strobe light.

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights power

Lights - Power

Power-driven vessel underway - less than 50 meters in length.

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights power 2

Lights – Power (2)

Power driven vessel – under 12 m

-can use a single all-round light

instead of the stern & masthead combination

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights under sail

Lights – Under Sail

Different patters for a 10m vessel under sail.

Most common pattern is the large one in the middle

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights involved in towing

Lights – Involved in towing

Power-driven vessel towing astern;

Towing vessel less than 50 m in length;

Length of tow 200 meters or less.

Power-driven vessel towing astern ;

Towing vessel less than 50 m in length;

Length of tow exceeds 200 meters.

The difference is the number of the masthead lights 3 vs. 2

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights fishing

Lights - Fishing

Memory Aid – Red over White fishing at night.

Advantage Boating, 2011


Fire fighting equipment

Fire-Fighting Equipment

  • # BC Fire extinguisher

    • # = the required size either a 5 or a 10 depending on vessel size

    • BC = the fires fuel source type (A, B, C)

    • Number onboard dependent on the number of sources

    • Care – shake it often!

  • Axe

    • Break open hatch ways

    • Cut loose a sinking boat under tow

  • Buckets

Advantage Boating, 2011


Safety recommended

Safety - Recommended

Recommended additional safety equipment

a)tool kitb) binoculars

c)chartsd) plotting tools (ruler, dividers, pencil)

e)safety harnessf) sunscreen

g)first aid kith) food & water

i) blanket j) knife

k) waterproof matchesm) backup steering device

n) extra lineo) VHF radio

Advantage Boating, 2011


Charts and materials

Charts and Materials

What might need to be aboard

  • Local Area charts

  • Notice to Mariners (NoTMar)

    • Used to keep charts currrent

  • Chart One

  • Tide & Current Tables

    Published by the Canadian Hydrographic Service (CHS)

    If no CHS charts of the boating area is available – at least use a topographical map

Advantage Boating, 2011


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