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Safety Equipment. Minimum required equipment – required to be aboard by law Required varies depending on the type and size of vessel SBG pg 22- 29 covers every type of pleasure craft from a paddleboat to 80 footers Transport Canada divides the equipment into five sections

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Safety Equipment

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Safety Equipment

  • Minimum required equipment – required to be aboard by law

    • Required varies depending on the type and size of vessel

    • SBG pg 22- 29 covers every type of pleasure craft from a paddleboat to 80 footers

    • Transport Canada divides the equipment into five sections

  • Recommended Safety Equipment – better equipped to deal with other situations

Advantage Boating, 2011


Personal Lifesaving Appliances

  • Lifejacket or PFD per person

  • Buoyant Heaving Line

  • Lifebuoy with buoyant line

  • Lifebuoy with self-igniting light and/or buoyant line

  • Re-boarding device

Advantage Boating, 2011


PLA – Lifejacket vs. PFD

  • PFDs

    • More comfortable to wear

    • Wider range of colours and styles

    • Will assist you in the water – does not turn you on your back

  • Lifejackets

    • Bulky to wear

    • Only come in three colours – red, orange and yellow

    • Will roll you face up

    • 3 different levels of approved jackets (SBG pg 33)

Advantage Boating, 2011


PLA - Rules on Inflatables

  • 16 yrs and older

  • Heavier than 36.3 kg (80lbs)

  • Not on PWCs

  • Not for white water paddling activities

  • You have to be wearing an inflatable PFD for it to be counted as “approved” on an open boat.

  • If the boat is not open then you only need to wear it while you’re on deck.

Advantage Boating, 2011


PLA – Throwing Aids

  • Heaving Line

    • A minimum of 15m for all vessels

  • Lifebuoy/Ringbuoy

    • Must be at least 610 mm in diameter

    • Must have a heaving line attached of the minimum required length!

Advantage Boating, 2011


PLA - Ladder

  • Re-boarding device

    • Required when your vessel has over 0.5 m of freeboard

    • Definition of Freeboard

      The measurement from the waterline to deck level.

Advantage Boating, 2011


Vessel Safety Equipment

  • Manual propelling device

  • Bailer or manual bilge pump

    • Manual Bilge Pump – must reach the bilge and then overboard

    • Required for all boat types

  • Anchor with rode attached

    • Length of rode depends on the size of the vessel

Advantage Boating, 2011


Visual Signals

  • Watertight flashlight

  • Flares

    • Vessel length & area of navigation determines the required number: 3 or 6 or 12

    • Good for 4 yrs. from date of manufacture

    • 4 Types (SBG pg 38)

    • Before using read the instructions

    • Storage – vertically, cool & dry

Advantage Boating, 2011


Navigation Equipment

  • Sound Signal

  • Magnetic Compass

  • Radar Reflector

    • At least 4m above the vessel waterline

  • Navigation Lights

Advantage Boating, 2011


NE - Navigation Lights

  • Lights On

    • From Sunset to Sunrise

    • And/or at times of restricted visibility

  • Light Types

    • Side lights – Port & Starboard (112.5 degree)

    • Masthead (forward facing 225 degree)

    • Stern (aft facing 135 degrees)

    • All-Round (360 degrees)

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights at Anchor

A pleasure craft less than 50m at anchor.

The black ball is known as a “dayshape”

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights - Rowboat

Should be shown on the approach of other vessels.

A kayaker at night should use a white strobe light.

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights - Power

Power-driven vessel underway - less than 50 meters in length.

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights – Power (2)

Power driven vessel – under 12 m

-can use a single all-round light

instead of the stern & masthead combination

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights – Under Sail

Different patters for a 10m vessel under sail.

Most common pattern is the large one in the middle

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights – Involved in towing

Power-driven vessel towing astern;

Towing vessel less than 50 m in length;

Length of tow 200 meters or less.

Power-driven vessel towing astern ;

Towing vessel less than 50 m in length;

Length of tow exceeds 200 meters.

The difference is the number of the masthead lights 3 vs. 2

Advantage Boating, 2011


Lights - Fishing

Memory Aid – Red over White fishing at night.

Advantage Boating, 2011


Fire-Fighting Equipment

  • # BC Fire extinguisher

    • # = the required size either a 5 or a 10 depending on vessel size

    • BC = the fires fuel source type (A, B, C)

    • Number onboard dependent on the number of sources

    • Care – shake it often!

  • Axe

    • Break open hatch ways

    • Cut loose a sinking boat under tow

  • Buckets

Advantage Boating, 2011


Safety - Recommended

Recommended additional safety equipment

a)tool kitb) binoculars

c)chartsd) plotting tools (ruler, dividers, pencil)

e)safety harnessf) sunscreen

g)first aid kith) food & water

i) blanket j) knife

k) waterproof matchesm) backup steering device

n) extra lineo) VHF radio

Advantage Boating, 2011


Charts and Materials

What might need to be aboard

  • Local Area charts

  • Notice to Mariners (NoTMar)

    • Used to keep charts currrent

  • Chart One

  • Tide & Current Tables

    Published by the Canadian Hydrographic Service (CHS)

    If no CHS charts of the boating area is available – at least use a topographical map

Advantage Boating, 2011


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