Immigration concepts
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Immigration Concepts. Nativism. Nativism. The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants. Rights of “Natives” (people who already live in a country) are protected.. Americanization. Americanization.

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Immigration Concepts

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Immigration Concepts


Nativism


Nativism

  • The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants.

  • Rights of “Natives” (people who already live in a country) are protected.


Americanization


Americanization

  • The process of assimilating people into the American culture.


Chinese Exclusion Act


Chinese Exclusion Act

  • Excluded Chinese people from immigrating to the United States.

  • People from China could NOT come to the United States


Ellis Island


Ellis Island

  • The island where European Immigrants were processed before they came into the United States


Angel Island


Angel Island

  • The island where Asian Immigrants were processed before they came into the United States


Melting Pot


Melting Pot

  • In regard to America: a place where many societies or cultures are blended together and assimilated into one culture.


Tenements


Tenements

  • Large urban apartment building where many residents have basic amenities. Many immigrants lived in tenements.


Ghetto


Ghetto

  • A part of a city where members of a particular group or race lives.

  • Examples: Jewish quarter, Little Italy


Assimilation


Assimilation

  • The process of adopting the norms of another culture (language, dress, mannerisms, jobs, etc.)


Quota System


Quota System

  • A system that limits the amount of immigrants that can immigrate into a country each year.


National Origins Act of 1924


National Origins Act of 1924

  • Annual number of immigrants that could come into the U.S. from a particular country was 2% of the people from that country who were living in the U.S. from that country in 1890.

  • Limited “undesirable” immigrants


Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965


Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965

  • Abolished quota system from National Origins act and replaced it with a preferential system based on family relationships with current Americans.


Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986


Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986

  • Some illegal immigrants were given amnesty. Legalized certain farm workers.

  • Punished employers who hired undocumented (illegal) aliens.

  • Increased border security and enforcement.


Immigration Act of 1990


Immigration Act of 1990

  • Increased amount of immigrants that could come to the United States each year.

  • Created “lottery” which assigned visas to immigrants randomly.

  • Increased visas for people with exceptional/extraordinary abilities


Arizona SB 1070 (2010)


Arizona SB 1070 (2010)

  • Controversial immigration law

  • Requires immigrants to carry documentation at all times, and also required officers to request the documentation of any person they suspect of being an illegal immigrant


PUSH/PULL Factors


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